Global Oilfield Drill Bit Market - Insights
Drill bits are essential tools that are utilized in the oil and gas industry to drill cylindrical boreholes for E&P activities in the production of crude and gas. Drill bits produce drill cuttings when used in for the formation of boreholes. The cuttings that are formed by the bit are usually removed from the wellbore and brought to the surface through circulation.
The increasing dependence on crude oil and natural gas, especially in emerging economies has resulted in an increase in E&P activities globally. The type of drill bit to be used for drilling depends on the nature of the formation. The drill bit has a typical rotary motion and is situated at the tip of the drill string, underneath the drill pipe and collar. It is usually made up of 2 or 3 cones with materials having a higher degree of hardness, such as tungsten carbide, steel and natural or artificial diamonds and have sharp teeth that can easily penetrate into the required structure.
The decrease in crude oil prices coupled with the increasing pollution due to these fossil fuels is a major restraint for the growth of the global oilfield drill bits market. The increasing regulations being adopted by nations in order to reduce their carbon footprint is expected to hamper the growth of the global oilfield drill bits market.
North America dominated the drill bits market in 2016 and is expected to retain its dominance throughout the forecast period. North America accounted for 30% of the market share in terms of revenue in 2016. The increasing shale gas production is a major factor for this dominance. This is mainly due to the growing oil & gas industry, coupled with the high demand for petroleum. The U.S. holds the majority of shares in the wireline services market in North America, as it is the largest consumer of oil and gas. According to the Energy Information Administration (EIA), during 2014, the US crude oil production recorded a tremendous increase by 1.2 million barrels per day (bbl/d) to 8.7 million bbl/d, and it was the largest volume increase since 1900. This rapidly growing oil & gas industry in the region, is majorly driving the growth of wireline services market. Furthermore, the recently discovered shale oilfields in the region is fuelling the adoption of well intervention and the evaluation of petro physical data acquired from oil wells, this in turn propelling the growth of wireline services market. As in 2016, US Geological Survey (USGS) discovered a large deposit of untapped reserves in the US, at the Wolfcamp formation, located in Texas with an estimated average of 16 trillion cubic feet of natural gas and 20 billion bbls of oil.
Figure1. Global Oilfield Drill Bits Market Share, By Region, 2016
Source: Coherent Market Insights (2017)
North America is expected to be the fastest growing region in the global oilfield drill bits market during the forecast period. The discovery of shale gas in the U.S. has resulted in unprecedented demand for drill bits, as the country looks to reduce its dependence on crude oil imports from the Middle East. Middle East accounted for 23.5% market share in terms of revenue in the global oilfield drill bits market. The presence of numerous countries such as Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Oman amongst others whose economy primarily depends on oil and gas production is expected to result in an increasing demand.
Based on drill bit type, the oilfield drill bits market is segmented as roller cone bits and fixed cutter bits. Roller cone bits are further segmented as tungsten carbide insert bits and milled-tooth bits. Fixed cutter bits are further segmented as Polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC) drill bits, Impregnated bits and diamond bits.
Major players in the global oilfield drill bits market include Baker Hughes Inc., Drill Master Inc, Ulterra Drilling Technologies, National Oilwell Varco Inc., Halliburton Inc., Schlumberger, Atlas Copco AB and Scientific Drilling International Inc., among others.