Sludge Treatment Chemicals Market 2017-2027
Sludge is a by-product that is produced during the treatment of wastewater and they can be classified into organic matters, pathogens, chemicals, and microorganisms. These products are claimed to contain harmful agents such as heavy metals that can have an adverse effect on the environment and human health. For this sludge has been treated with the chemical at different stages before disposing to the environment. Some of the major end-user industries are food and beverage, personal care, automotive and paper, and pulp.
The global sludge treatment chemicals market is projected to reach US$ 11.4 billion by the end of 2027, in terms of revenue, growing at CAGR of 4.7% during the forecast period (2019 to 2027).
Rising government regulations for the conservation of water in order to save the freshwater resources due to rising threats of pollution and climatic changes are predominantly fueling the market growth of sludge chemical treatment. For example, according to the Coherent market insights analysis, US EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) has made it mandatory to treat sludge to a minimum percentage before it could be disposed of. Moreover, water generates from oil and gas exploration, municipal water treatment and effluent treatment plants release a considerably high volume of sludge which is also expected to foster the market growth of sludge treatment chemical over the forecast period.
Changing lifestyle and rapid urbanization around the globe is another major factor that is increasing the consumption of water per capita. Moreover, the amount of water usage has increased drastically with the introduction of higher living standards and establishment of facilities like Jacuzzis, bathtubs, pressure pumps, etc. Aforementioned factors are expected to raise the demand for chemicals amount of freshwater available is limited in the world, thereby propelling market growth.
Geographically, North America dominated the global sludge treatment chemicals market in 2018, reporting 31.5% market share in terms of revenue, followed by Asia-pacific and Europe, respectively.
Figure 1. Global Sludge Treatment Chemicals Market, Revenue Share (%), By Region, 2018
Rising adoption of the non-chemicals techniques such as filters and membranes that are restricting the use of chemicals especially for municipal plants as this technology are more hygienic and create less pollution. This factor is expected to hinder the market growth of sludge treatment chemical. Moreover, the rising use of membrane bioreactor and growing awareness among consumer regarding the more sustainable wastewater treatment technologies are further expected to hinder the market growth of Sludge Treatment Chemicals.
The sludge treatment process is a highly labor-intensive task and also require a high level of maintenance is expected to curb the market growth of sludge treatment chemical. Moreover, the process is more energy-intensive and creates lots of residues which are highly concentrated in nature and needs to handle with care. Therefore, rising concern over need to save energy is further anticipated to limit the market growth of sludge treatment chemicals.
Rising awareness regarding water conservation across developing countries is encouraging the government to impose proper rules and regulations for sludge treatment which is expected to offer lucrative growth opportunities to the market of sludge treatment chemical. According to the Coherent Market insights, new government policies (National 12th Five-Year Plan) implemented in China in 2011, defines that it has been made mandatory to treat 70% sludge in large cities and 50% in small cities by 2015- Chinese government invested US$ 4.5 billion in sewage sludge treatment.
In some countries 60% of water distribution is uneven and the amount of fresh water available on the earth's surface is limited. Because of this, many of the high growth economies are facing a water scarcity problem. Such regions are expected to be key areas that have the maximum requirement of reuse and recycle waste water. Hence these regions are the highest opportunity areas for sludge treatment chemicals, thereby propelling the market growth of the sludge treatment chemicals.
Figure 2. Global Sludge Treatment Chemicals Market – Opportunity Analysis
Market Trends/Key Takeaways
Increasing focus of manufacturers to adopt a growth strategy such as partnership to launch sludge treatment chemicals that have more than one property and are effective is gaining traction in the market, thereby fueling the market growth. For instance, in January 2019 Kemira Oyj has signed a partnership agreement in Europe for the water and sludge treatment applications. The objective of this agreement is to combine Kemira’s strong chemistry and smart process optimization expertise in the municipal and industrial water treatment space with Valmet’s analyzer and measurement technology know-how as well as on-site service network.
Expanding food &beverage sector is anticipated to raise the demand for sludge treatment chemicals as this industry release the highest amount of wastewater that contains high BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Demand) and COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand) content. Therefore rising food &beverage industry is expected to fuel the market growth of the sludge treatment chemicals over the forecast period.
Figure 3. Global Sludge Treatment Chemicals Market, Volume Share (%), By Product Type, in 2018
On the basis of product type, in 2018, flocculants segment accounted the largest market share of 56.2% in terms of revenue, followed by anti-foamers and coagulants, respectively.
Key players active in the global sludge treatment chemicals market are BASF SE, Chembond Chemicals Limited, GE Water and Process Technologies, Kurita Water Industries Ltd., Ion Exchange, Kemira Oyj, AkzoNobel N.V., Solenis, Thermax Ltd., and Veolia Water Technologies.
Few Recent Developments
Kurita Water Industries Ltd.
- In 2016, Kurita Europe GmbH merged with Kurita Europe APW GmbH and formed Kurita Europe GmbH. The merger will provide excellent R&D opportunities and low-cost operations to improve the function of water treatment chemicals.
- In 2015, the company set up a water treatment chemical production plant in Spain for the manufacture of aluminum- and iron-based coagulants. This investment is expected to increase the company’s production capacity in Europe.
- In 2015, the company acquired Soto Industries LLC, a U.S.-based manufacturer of anti-scalants, defoamers and settling agents for the pulp and paper industry. This acquisition helped the company expand its product portfolio for treatment chemicals in the paper and pulp industry and also strengthened its market presence in the U.S.