Market Overview

Zero liquid discharge (ZLD) is a wastewater treatment process, which is designed to remove liquid waste from the system. This is done to achieve zero discharge at the end of wastewater management cycle so that no liquid waste leaves the boundary of the facility. It is a progressive wastewater treatment process that is comprised of reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, evaporation/crystallization, and fractional electro deionization. There are two types of zero liquid discharge systems namely conventional ZLD systems and hybrid ZLD systems. Conventional ZLD system includes falling film brine concentrators, vertical tube vertical tube evaporators (seed slurry concentrators) and non-seeded evaporators, forced circulation crystallizers, horizontal spray film evaporators, filter presses, centrifuges and drum dryers for sludge dewatering. Moreover, hybrid ZLD system involves integrated automated system with membrane pre-concentrators, followed by thermal/evaporation technologies.

The global zero liquid discharge market is estimated to account for US$ 699.0 Mn in terms of value and by the end of 2019

Market Dynamics- Drivers

  1. Inadequate availability of freshwater across the globe is expected to drive the global zero liquid discharge market during the forecast period

The availability of freshwater across the world has decreased significantly. Growing industrialization has led to increased generation of water waste thereby increasing water pollution worldwide. Furthermore, stringent regulatory polices enforced by government agencies in developed countries such as the U.S., Canada, and countries in Western Europe have accelerated the adoption of zero discharge systems. Agencies such as Environmental Protection Agency (U.S.), European Water Association (Europe), and India Water Works Association (India) coupled with government authorities are proactively forming regulatory policies, in order to curb water pollution, which in turn, is expected to drive the market growth in the near future. According to the United Nations (UN) Water Report, out of total water available on the Earth’s surface today, only 0.5% is freshwater, which can be used for consumption. According to the same source, around 60% of this freshwater is unevenly distributed with major share concentrated among ten countries of the world. This, in turn, could lead to water scarcity thereby driving growth of the global zero liquid discharge market in the near future.

  1. Growing application of desalination is expected to propel the global zero liquid discharge market over the forecast period

Since there has been shortage of freshwater for drinking, industrial, and household purposes, the desalination of seawater has been opted as common process. The desalination of seawater for obtaining usable water has been a crucial technique in ZLD technologies. Currently, ZLD desalination techniques are used primarily to treat power plant cooling water and industrial waste. Evaporation ponds and industrial water streams are some of commonly used ZLD desalination techniques. Thus, implementation of ZLD desalination in industrial sectors is expected to drive the market growth over the forecast period.

Europe region dominated the global zero liquid discharge market in 2019, accounting for 37.7% share in terms of value, followed by North America and Asia Pacific, respectively.

Zero Liquid Discharge  | Coherent Market Insights

Source: Coherent Market Insights

Market Dynamics- Restraints

  1. High capital investment and operational costs are expected to restrain the global zero liquid discharge market growth over the forecast period

Generally, zero liquid discharge systems are based on thermal processes including energy-intensive evaporation processes, in order to recover reusable water from wastewater system. Such systems are custom built according to particular organization’s needs, which involves significant amount of investment and operating expenditure. Moreover, spatial constraints hinder the adoption of ZLD systems, especially in smaller industries from emerging economies. ZLD treated water could also cost three to seven times that of water extracted from the ground or obtained from municipal source, which in turn, is expected to hinder the market growth in the near future.

  1. Availability effective substitutes is expected to hamper growth of the global zero liquid discharge market during the forecast period

Alternative options such as minimal liquid discharge (MLD) recover around 95% of the liquid discharge from their effluent treatment plants at lower cost as compared to zero liquid discharge systems. Therefore, municipal corporations and similar organizations are increasingly adopting MLD technology as it is more economical than ZLD, which also helps them to meet regulatory policies. Therefore, these factors are expected hamper the market growth over the forecast period. 

Market Opportunity

  1. Growing concerns of disposal brine concentrates into oceans is expected to offer lucrative growth opportunities for market players

Disposal brine water concentrates in ocean is a major concerns for governing bodies. It has been found that desalination plants produce more brine water than previously assumed. This, is in turn, is expected to offer lucrative opportunities for market players to develop novel techniques, in order to decrease disposal of brine solutions in oceans. It can be done with innovative techniques such as brine incineration, brine evaporation ponds, and more. For instance, in brine incineration, brine concentrates are mixed with other solid waste and are incinerated to evaporate water. The salts in it remain as residual ash, which is then further managed.

  1. Recovery of valuable minerals and compounds from waste streams is expected to offer significant growth opportunities for market players

Zero liquid discharge technique can be used for recovering profit-making compounds and minerals from the by-products of waste streams. For instance, ZLD has been found advantageous in recovering sodium chloride and sodium sulfate salts. Moreover, ZLD has been adopted in successfully recovering valuable and saleable minerals in the mining industry, which directly benefits business profits. This, in turn, is expected to pose excellent business opportunities for market players in the near future.

Zero Liquid Discharge  | Coherent Market Insights

 Source: Coherent Market Insights

Segment information:

In Global zero liquid discharge market, by application segment, power generation sub segment dominated the global automotive carbon ceramics market in 2019, accounting for 32.2% share in terms of value, followed by oil & gas, respectively.

Zero Liquid Discharge  | Coherent Market Insights

Source: Coherent Market Insights

Market Trends

  1. Strategic moves such as mergers and acquisitions among key players

Key players in the market are focused on mergers and acquisitions activities, in order to enhance their market presence and gain competitive edge around the world. For instance, in November 2016, the U.S. Water Services, Inc. acquired Water & Energy Systems Technology, Inc. (WEST) in order to enhance its national footprint. Moreover, in March 2017, Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec (CDPQ) and SUEZ acquired General Electric (GE)’s GE Water & Process Technologies business for US$ 3.4 billion.

  1. Development of cost-efficient technology in ZLD is another major trend in the market

Novel technologies such as forward osmosis (FO) membranes and electro-separation systems in ZLD systems have been introduced to treat brine concentrates with high salinity. The low operating pressure and high cross flow velocity involved in forward osmosis membrane technology provides higher capabilities to perform dissolved solids separation on high fouling streams. By replacing a Membrane Brine Concentrator (MBC) for thermal evaporation, the key intermediary step of the ZLD process could be performed with a membrane technology that provides lower energy consumption, reduced capital cost, improved reliability, and achievement of higher water recovery, thereby allowing the final ZLD step of crystallization to operate at lower flow and lower energy. For instance, in 2015, GE introduced new evaporation/solidification technology for fuel gas desulfurization (FGD) for steam electric and coal-fired power plants.

Regulations

U.S.

EPA

  1. In 2015, the U.S. EPA announced the final coal combustion rules (CCRs) and revised effluent limitation guidelines (ELGs). So far, the main challenge to coal-fired power plants has been the need to meet new discharge requirements for Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD) purge streams. Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) technologies were made mandatory in order to ensure reuse of wastewater from plant discharge and a five-year extension for compliance was provided.

Value Chain Analysis

Zero Liquid Discharge  | Coherent Market Insights

Competitive Section

Key companies operating in the global zero liquid discharge market Aquatech International LLC, Alfa Laval Corporate AB, GEA Group, U.S. Water Services Inc., Veolia Water Technologies, Oasys Water, Inc., GE Water & Process Technologies, Thermax Global, Suez Environnement, 3v Green Eagle S.p.A., ENCON Evaporators, Aquarion AG, Doosan Hydro Technology, and IDE Technologies.

Key Developments

  1. Key companies in the market are focused on mergers and acquisitions, in order to gain competitive edge in the market. For instance, in March 2017, Thermax Global acquired Barite Investments Sp. Z.O.O., to gain strategic advantage in Eastern Europe.
  2. Key players in the market are involved in signing contract, in order to enhance the market presence. For instance, in September 2019, SUEZ entered into contract Goseong Green Power Plant to implement Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) technology.

Zero liquid discharge is a treatment process, in this process, all the wastewater is get purified and recycled, which in turn leaves zero discharge towards the end of the water treatment process. The zero liquid discharge process includes reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, evaporation/crystallization, and fractional electro deionization. Zero liquid discharge systems are used in various industries such as semiconductors & electronics, healthcare, manufacturing, energy & power, food & beverages, chemicals & oil, and others.

Market Dynamics

The implementation of stringent rules and regulations by the government of various economies is expected to boost the adoption of zero discharge systems over the forecast period. For instance, in the year 2015, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of India, issued guidelines for zero liquid discharge. According to these guidelines, industrial sectors like Sugar, Distilleries, Tanneries, Pulp & Paper, Textile, Dyeing, and Dairy would need special emphasis for enforcement of zero liquid discharge.

In addition, increasing demand for fresh water across the globe due to the increasing population, and many industries such as thermoelectric power, irrigation, and aquaculture, is further expected to boost the demand for zero liquid discharge system over the forecast period. 

Furthermore, the requirement of high initial investment for the implementation of a zero liquid discharge system is expected to restrain the adoption of a zero liquid discharge system over the forecast period.   

Key features of the study:

  • This report provides in-depth analysis of zero liquid discharge market size (US$ Million), and Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR %) for the forecast period (2019– 2027), considering 2018 as the base year
  • It elucidates potential revenue opportunity across different segments and explains attractive investment proposition matrix for this market
  • This study also provides key insights about market drivers, restraints, opportunities, new product launches or approvals, regional outlook, and competitive strategy adopted by leading players
  • It profiles leading players in the global zero liquid discharge market based on the following parameters – company overview, financial performance, product portfolio, geographical presence, Zero liquid discharge market capital, key developments, strategies, and future plans
  • Companies covered as part of this study include Aquatech International LLC, Alfa Laval Corporate AB, GEA Group, U.S. Water Services Inc., Veolia Water Technologies, Oasys Water, Inc., GE Water & Process Technologies, Thermax Global, Suez Environnement, 3v Green Eagle S.p.A., ENCON Evaporators, Aquarion AG, Doosan Hydro Technology, IDE Technologies, and others
  • Insights from this report would allow marketers and management authorities of companies to make informed decision regarding future product launches, product upgrades, market expansion, and marketing tactics
  • The Global Zero liquid discharge market report caters to various stakeholders in this industry including investors, suppliers, manufacturers, distributors, new entrants, and financial analysts
  • Stakeholders would have ease in decision-making through various strategy matrices used in analyzing the Global Zero liquid discharge market.

Detailed Segmentation:

  • Global Zero liquid discharge Market, By Application:
    • Power Generation
    • Oil & Gas
    • Chemicals & Petrochemicals
    • Mining & Metallurgy
    • Pharmaceuticals
    • Others
  • Global Zero liquid discharge Market, By System Type:
    • Conventional
    • Hybrid
  • Global Zero liquid discharge Market, By Region:
    • North America
      • By Application:
        • Power Generation
        • Oil & Gas
        • Chemicals & Petrochemicals
        • Mining & Metallurgy
        • Pharmaceuticals
        • Others
      • By System Type:
        • Conventional
        • Hybrid
      • By Country:
        • U.S.
        • Canada
    • Europe
      • By Application:
        • Power Generation
        • Oil & Gas
        • Chemicals & Petrochemicals
        • Mining & Metallurgy
        • Pharmaceuticals
        • Others
      • By System Type:
        • Conventional
        • Hybrid
      • By Country:
        • U.K.
        • Germany
        • Italy
        • France
        • Spain
        • Russia
        • Rest of Europe
    • Asia Pacific
      • By Application:
        • Power Generation
        • Oil & Gas
        • Chemicals & Petrochemicals
        • Mining & Metallurgy
        • Pharmaceuticals
        • Others
      • By System Type:
        • Conventional
        • Hybrid
      • By Country:
        • China
        • India
        • Japan
        • Australia & New Zealand
        • South Korea
        • Rest of Asia Pacific
    • Latin America
      • By Application:
        • Power Generation
        • Oil & Gas
        • Chemicals & Petrochemicals
        • Mining & Metallurgy
        • Pharmaceuticals
        • Others
      • By System Type:
        • Conventional
        • Hybrid
      • By Country
        • Brazil
        • Mexico
        • Argentina
        • Rest of Latin America
    • Middle East & Africa
      • By Application:
        • Power Generation
        • Oil & Gas
        • Chemicals & Petrochemicals
        • Mining & Metallurgy
        • Pharmaceuticals
        • Others
      • By System Type:
        • Conventional
        • Hybrid
      • By Country
        • GCC Countries
        • South Africa
        • Rest of Middle East & Africa
  • Company Profiles
    • Aquatech International LLC*
      • Company Overview
      • Product Portfolio
      • Financial Performance
      • Key Strategies
      • Recent Developments/ Updates
    • Alfa Laval Corporate AB
    • GEA Group
    • U.S. Water Services Inc.
    • Veolia Water Technologies
    • Oasys Water, Inc.
    • GE Water & Process Technologies
    • Thermax Global
    • Suez Environnement
    • 3v Green Eagle S.p.A.
    • ENCON Evaporators
    • Aquarion AG
    • Doosan Hydro Technology
    • IDE Technologies.
    • Others

*Browse market data tables and figures on "Zero Liquid Discharge Market - Global forecast to 2027”.

Table of Contents

  1. Research Objective and Assumption
    • Research Objectives
    • Assumptions
    • Abbreviations
  2. Market Purview
    • Report Description
      • Market Definition and Scope
    • Executive Summary
      • Market Snippet, By Application
      • Market Snippet, By System Type
      • Market Snippet, By Region
    • Coherent Opportunity Map (COM)
  3. Market Dynamics, Regulations, and Trends Analysis
    • Market Dynamics
      • Drivers
      • Restraints
      • Market Opportunities
      • Regulatory Scenario
      • Industry Trend
      • Merger and Acquisitions
      • New system Launch/Approvals
      • Value Chain Analysis
      • Porter’s Analysis
      • PEST Analysis
  4. Global Zero Liquid Discharge Market, By Application, 2017-2027  (US$ Million)
    • Introduction
      • Market Share Analysis, 2017 and 2027 (%)
      • Segment Trends
    • Power Generation
      • Introduction
      • Market Size and Forecast, 2019–2027, (US$ Million)
    • Oil & Gas
      • Introduction
      • Market Size and Forecast, 2019–2027, (US$ Million)
    • Chemicals & Petrochemicals
      • Introduction
      • Market Size and Forecast, 2019–2027, (US$ Million)
    • Mining & Metallurgy
      • Introduction
      • Market Size and Forecast, 2019–2027, (US$ Million)
    • Pharmaceuticals
      • Introduction
      • Market Size and Forecast, 2019–2027, (US$ Million)
    • Others
      • Introduction
      • Market Size and Forecast, 2019–2027, (US$ Million)
  5. Global Zero Liquid Discharge Market, By System Type, 2017-2027  (US$ Million)
    • Introduction
      • Market Share Analysis, 2017 and 2027 (%)
      • Segment Trends
    • Conventional
      • Introduction
      • Market Size and Forecast, 2019–2027, (US$ Million)
    • Hybrid
      • Introduction
      • Market Size and Forecast, 2019–2027, (US$ Million)
  6. Global Zero Liquid Discharge Market, By Region, 2017-2027  (US$ Million)
    • Introduction
      • Market Share Analysis, By Region, 2017 and 2027 (%)
    • North America
      • Regional Trends
      • Market Size and Forecast, By Application, 2019–2027 (US$ Million)
      • Market Size and Forecast, By System Type, 2019–2027 (US$ Million)
      • Market Share Analysis, By Country, 2019 and 2027 (%)
        • U.S.
        • Canada
    • Europe
      • Regional Trends
      • Market Size and Forecast, By Application, 2019–2027 (US$ Million)
      • Market Size and Forecast, By System Type, 2019–2027 (US$ Million)
      • Market Share Analysis, By Country, 2019 and 2027 (%)
        • U.K.
        • Germany
        • Italy
        • France
        • Russia
        • Rest of Europe
    • Asia Pacific
      • Regional Trends
      • Market Size and Forecast, By Application, 2019–2027 (US$ Million)
      • Market Size and Forecast, By System Type, 2019–2027 (US$ Million)
      • Market Share Analysis, By Country, 2019 and 2027 (%)
        • China
        • India
        • Japan
        • ASEAN
        • Australia
        • South Korea
        • Rest of Asia Pacific
    • Latin America
      • Regional Trends
      • Market Size and Forecast, By Application, 2019–2027 (US$ Million)
      • Market Size and Forecast, By System Type, 2019–2027 (US$ Million)
      • Market Share Analysis, By Country, 2019 and 2027 (%)
        • Brazil
        • Argentina
        • Mexico
        • Rest of Latin America
    • Middle East and Africa
      • Regional Trends
      • Market Size and Forecast, By Application, 2019–2027 (US$ Million)
      • Market Size and Forecast, By System Type, 2019–2027 (US$ Million)
      • Market Share Analysis, By Country, 2019 and 2027 (%)
        • Israel
        • GCC Countries
        • South Africa
        • Rest of the Middle East and Africa
  7. Competitive Landscape
    • Company Profiles
      • Aquatech International LLC
        • Company Overview
        • Product Portfolio
        • Financial Performance
        • Key Strategies
        • Recent Developments/Updates
      • Alfa Laval Corporate AB
        • Company Overview
        • Product Portfolio
        • Financial Performance
        • Key Strategies
        • Recent Developments/Updates
      • GEA Group
        • Company Overview
        • Product Portfolio
        • Financial Performance
        • Key Strategies
        • Recent Developments/Updates
      • U.S. Water Services Inc
        • Company Overview
        • Product Portfolio
        • Financial Performance
        • Key Strategies
        • Recent Developments/Updates
      • Veolia Water Technologies
        • Company Overview
        • Product Portfolio
        • Financial Performance
        • Key Strategies
        • Recent Developments/Updates
      • Oasys Water, Inc.
        • Company Overview
        • Product Portfolio
        • Financial Performance
        • Key Strategies
        • Recent Developments/Updates
      • GE Water & Process Technologies
        • Company Overview
        • Product Portfolio
        • Financial Performance
        • Key Strategies
        • Recent Developments/Updates
      • Thermax Global
        • Company Overview
        • Product Portfolio
        • Financial Performance
        • Key Strategies
        • Recent Developments/Updates
      • Suez Environnement
        • Company Overview
        • Product Portfolio
        • Financial Performance
        • Key Strategies
        • Recent Developments/Updates
      • 3v Green Eagle S.p.A
        • Company Overview
        • Product Portfolio
        • Financial Performance
        • Key Strategies
        • Recent Developments/Updates
      • ENCON Evaporators
        • Company Overview
        • Product Portfolio
        • Financial Performance
        • Key Strategies
        • Recent Developments/Updates
      • Aquarion AG
        • Company Overview
        • Product Portfolio
        • Financial Performance
        • Key Strategies
        • Recent Developments/Updates
      • Doosan Hydro Technology
        • Company Overview
        • Product Portfolio
        • Financial Performance
        • Key Strategies
        • Recent Developments/Updates
      • IDE Technologies
        • Company Overview
        • Product Portfolio
        • Financial Performance
        • Key Strategies
        • Recent Developments/Updates
      • others
        • Company Overview
        • Product Portfolio
        • Financial Performance
        • Key Strategies
        • Recent Developments/Updates
  8. Section
    • References
    • Research Methodology
    • About us and Sales Contact

*Browse market data tables and figures on "Zero Liquid Discharge Market - Global forecast to 2027”.

Research Methodology

Coherent Market Insights followsa comprehensive research methodology focused on providing the most precise market analysis. The company leverages a data triangulation model which helps company to gauge the market dynamics and provide accurate estimates. Key components of the research methodologies followed for all our market reports include:

  • Primary Research (Trade Surveys and Experts Interviews)
  • Desk Research
  • Proprietor Data Analytics Model

In addition to this, Coherent Market Insights has access to a wide range of the regional and global reputed paid data bases, which helps the company to figure out the regional and global market trends and dynamics. The company analyses the industry from the 360 Degree Perspective i.e. from the Supply Side and Demand Side which enables us to provide granular details of the entire ecosystem for each study. Finally, a Top-Down approach and Bottom-Up approach is followed to arrive at ultimate research findings.


Data Triangulation Methodology | Coherent Market Insights

Coherent Market Insights desk research is based on a principle set of research techniques:

  • National level desk research: It Includes research analysis of regional players, regional regulatory bodies, regional trade associations, and regional organization.
  • Multinational level desk research: The research team keeps a track of multinational players, global regulatory bodies, global trade associations, and global organization.

Coherent Market Insights has a large amount of in-house repository of industry database. This is leveraged as a burner for initiating a new research study. Key secondary sources include:

  • Governmental bodies, National and international social welfare institutions, and organizations creating economic policies among others.
  • Trade association, National and international media and trade press.
  • Company Annual reports, SEC filings, Corporate Presentations, press release, news, and specification sheet of manufacturers, system integrators, brick and mortar - distributors and retailers, and third party online commerce players.
  • Scientific journals, and other technical magazines and whitepapers.

Market Analysis | Coherent Market Insights

Preliminary Data Mining

The raw data is obtained through the secondary findings, in house repositories, and trade surveys. It is then filtered to ensure that the relevant information including industry dynamics, trends, and outlook is retained for further research process.

Data Standardization

Holistic approach is used to ensure that the granular and uncommon parameters are taken into consideration to ensure accurate results. The information from the paid databases are further combined to the raw data in order to standardize it.

Coherent Statistical model

We arrive at our final research findings through simulation models. Coherent Data Analytics Model is a statistical tool that helps company to forecast market estimates. Few of the parameters considered as a part of the statistical model include:

  • Micro-economic indicators
  • Macro-economic indicators
  • Environmental indicators
  • Socio-political indicators
  • Technology indicators

Data Processing

Once the findings are derived from the statistical model, large volume of data is process to confirm accurate research results. Data analytics and processing tools are adopted to process large chunk of collected informative data. In case, a client customizes the study during the process, the research finding till then are benchmarked, and the process for new research requirement is initiated again.

Data Validation

This is the most crucial stage of the research process. Primary Interviews are conducted to validate the data and analysis. This helps in achieving the following purposes:

  • It provides first-hand information on the market dynamics, outlook, and growth parameters.
  • Industry experts validates the estimates which helps the company to cement the on-going research study.
  • Primary research includes online surveys, face-to face interviews, and telephonic interviews.

The primary research is conducted with the ecosystem players including, but not limited to:

  • Raw Material Suppliers
  • Manufacturers
  • System Integrators
  • Distributors
  • End-users