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  • Published In : Jun 2024
  • Code : CMI4516
  • Pages :167
  • Formats :
      Excel and PDF
  • Industry : Pharmaceutical

Market Size and Trends

The global biodefense market is estimated to be valued at USD 16.51 Bn in 2024 and is expected to reach USD 27.10 Bn by 2031, exhibiting a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.4% from 2024 to 2031.

Biodefense Market Key Factors

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The increased investments by government and private organizations to combat biological threats along with the rising incidence of pandemics and infectious diseases are fueling the market growth. The biodefense market is witnessing positive trends with increasing R&D activities focused on developing novel therapies and prevention measures. Furthermore, growing awareness regarding potential bio-threats, availability of government funding, and partnerships between private companies and research institutes are providing opportunities for innovation. However, lengthy product approval timelines and high costs associated continue to hamper the market growth.

Increasing Government initiatives and funding

Government initiatives and funding have played a key role in spurring innovation and development in the biodefense sector. In recent years, many developed nations have acknowledged biodefense and pandemic preparedness as strategically important objectives. For example, the U.S. allocated US$9 billion towards biodefense between 2021 and 2022 according to data from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. These funds are being utilized to bolster stockpiles of critical medical countermeasures like vaccines and therapeutics. Several projects focused on developing rapid response capabilities, such as new vaccine platforms allowing production within months, have received major government grants.

For instance, in April 2022, in Q1 2022, Emergent Bioscience, specialty biopharmaceutical company reported a rise of US$ 48.6 million in revenue from Anthrax vaccines compared to Q1 2021. This increase primarily stems from the scheduling of deliveries to the United States Government (USG), notably to the Strategic National Stockpile (SNS). Furthermore, in September 2021, the company secured a contract modification worth around US$ 399 million for AV7909 (Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed, Adjuvanted), extending the delivery of additional doses through March 2023.

Market Concentration and Competitive Landscape

Biodefense Market Concentration By Players

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Increasing Threat of Pandemics

The COVID-19 pandemic has been an important learning experience that highlighted vulnerabilities in healthcare systems and unpreparedness for global outbreaks. It caused widespread fatalities and completely disrupted economies worldwide. Such public health crises occurring more frequently has increased awareness around resilience against infectious diseases. This is prompting greater focus on bio-surveillance, vaccine & therapeutic development as well as bolstering emergency response mechanisms. Furthermore, factors like climate change, rising global travel, and changing interaction with wildlife are feared to raise the chances of zoonotic disease transmission in future. Scientists have warned of more pandemics breaking out in coming decades. To minimize the impact of health emergencies, governments are significantly ramping up investments into pandemic prevention, preparedness, and response. This is stimulating strong demand across various bio-defense product categories including personal protective equipment, diagnostics, broad-spectrum antivirals, facility safety solutions, and stockpiling of medical countermeasures. The looming risk of future pandemics is a key driver boosting the broader bio-defense market.

 Key Takeaways of Analyst:

The biodefense market is growing steadily due to rising threats of bioterrorism and pandemics across the globe. Government agencies have significantly increased funding for research, detection, and prevention of biological threats. North America currently dominates the biodefense market owing to large defense budgets allocated in the U.S. and Canada. However, Asia Pacific is expected to showcase lucrative growth opportunities in coming years as many developing countries are strengthening their national public health programs.

One of the key drivers of this market is the continued R&D by companies into novel drug and vaccine candidates for high-priority diseases. Additionally, the market is benefitted from increasing collaboration between private organizations, government institutes, and international consortiums working on biodefense preparedness. Maintaining Cold War facilities and expanding stockpiles pose a challenge for stakeholders due to the associated high costs. Nonetheless, growing individual safety consciousness post the COVID-19 pandemic can boost the demand for personal protective equipment and disinfection products.

New technological advancements in fields like genome sequencing, bioinformatics, and flow cytometry provide significant opportunities to market players. Companies investing in these emerging domains can develop advanced tools for real-time pathogen detection, rapid diagnostics, and next-gen biotherapies.

Market Challenges: Ethical concerns & high manufacturing costs

Ethical concerns surrounding some biodefense technologies have slowed market adoption and created regulatory hurdles. As biotechnologies advance the ability to genetically modify or create harmful pathogens, difficult questions arise around dual-use risks. Governments and oversight bodies struggle to balance security needs with preventing misuse that could endanger public health. Lengthy review and licensing procedures aim to ensure technologies only target legitimate threats, but this scrutiny increases development timelines and costs. Some promising areas like gene drives that could eliminate wild virus carriers face fierce opposition from those worried about environmental or socially unequal impacts. Addressing these societal anxietals in a transparent, inclusive manner is critical to gaining broad acceptance for biodefense solutions. High manufacturing costs also pose a barrier, as developing and producing medical countermeasures for rare and emerging diseases has little initial commercial viability. According to the WHO, between 2017 and 2019 fewer than 5% of global health R&D funding was allocated for diseases that account for almost 90% of the global disease burden.

Market Opportunities: Growing Partnerships and collaborations

Partnerships and collaborations could provide significant opportunities for growth in the biodefense market by facilitating research and development. Working together, public and private entities have better potential to address today's complex biosecurity challenges. No single organization possesses all the necessary resources and expertise to tackle threats such as pandemics or biological attacks on their own. Through cooperation and shared knowledge, partners can achieve more advanced scientific understanding and technological solutions than any could alone. For example, the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology has brought together over 30 international scientific institutions to work on rapid detection kits, vaccines, and therapeutics against potential biological weapons agents. Collaboration also allows partners to capitalize on their respective strengths. Government research agencies can provide long-term funding support for basic research while private firms contribute applied science, manufacturing capabilities, and marketing networks.

Biodefense Market By Product

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By Product: Anthrax Contributes the Highest Share Due to its Widespread Threat

Anthrax is expected to contribute the highest share of the biodefense market, accounting for 28.10% of the market share in 2024, among the product segment due to its widespread potential as a biological weapon. As a select agent with the ability to sicken or kill on inhalation, anthrax poses grave threats that drive defense spending. Its spores form and survive in infected hosts, allowing the disease to lie dormant for decades before potential release and spread. Government stockpiling aims to treat mass exposures from possible aerosol attacks. Since the 2001 anthrax letter attacks that killed five, defenses have expanded against this lethal threat. Research progresses on improved vaccines to bolster immune responses for high-risk groups. Approaches target both the lethal toxins anthrax produces and the bacteria itself. Natural outbreaks also occur, keeping anthrax a public health concern. Livestock vaccination programs help control accidental spread from infected animals to humans. However, bioterrorists could potentially weaponize anthrax stocks from such outbreak zones, further necessitating robust defenses. Detection technologies improve for early identification of anthrax in the environment.

By End User: Hospitals Contribute the Highest Share to the End User Segment Due to Acute Treatment Needs

Among the end user segment, hospitals is expected to contribute the highest share to the biodefense market, accounting for 25.5% of the market share in 2024.This stems from hospitals playing a key role in acute treatment scenarios during biological attacks or outbreaks. In such emergencies, hospitals bear the primary responsibility of triaging and caring for mass casualties. Their infrastructure and resources must support surge capacities for patients presenting with unknown infectious diseases or exposure to toxic agents. Emergency departments and intensive care units would see sharp rises in patient volumes during biodefense incidents and require specialized containment and decontamination capabilities. Personal protective equipment, quarantine spaces, and diagnostic testing equipment tailored for rare pathogens help hospitals effectively respond. Surging stockpiles of biodefense drugs and vaccines target hospitals to allow rapid prophylaxis of healthcare workers and at-risk groups. Retrofitting current hospital facilities with biosafety levels aids in safely isolating and diagnosing infected patients. Negative pressure rooms help contain dangerous pathogens. Resources expand for providing longer hospital stays as required for severe cases of biothreat agents. Research into rapid point-of-care testing permits quicker diagnoses and exposure assessments in emergency settings.

Regional Insights

Biodefense Market Regional Insights

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North America has established itself as the dominant region in the global biodefense market, accounting for a market share of 39.2 % in 2024. The U.S. has the most robust biodefense programs and makes significant investments to counter biological threats through its government agencies like the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Institutes of Health. It has also undertaken large initiatives like the BioShield Act that has created guaranteed markets for biodefense products. Leading pharmaceutical companies and research institutions based in the U.S. have extensive expertise and resources devoted to developing drugs and vaccines for biological threats. Due to the strong government support and presence of major industry players, North America accounts for the largest share of the global market.

The Asia Pacific region has emerged as the fastest growing market for biodefense. Countries like China, India, South Korea, and Japan are increasing their focus and spending on public health preparedness against biological disasters and pandemics. With some of the largest populations globally and history of disease outbreaks, the threat perception is high. Furthermore, rising standards of living and healthcare expenditures have enabled greater investments towards biodefense. The region is also a significant producer and consumer of biodefense products, accounting for sizeable import/export volumes. Manufacturers view Asia Pacific as an attractive market given the large population base and growing procurement power of government and healthcare systems.

Market Report Scope

Biodefense Market Report Coverage

Report Coverage Details
Base Year: 2023 Market Size in 20: US$ 16.51 Bn
Historical Data for: 2019 To 2023 Forecast Period: 2024 To 2031
Forecast Period 20 to 20 CAGR: 7.4% 20 Value Projection: US$ 27.10 Bn
Geographies covered:
  • North America: U.S. and Canada
  • Latin America: Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, and Rest of Latin America
  • Europe: Germany, U.K., Spain, France, Italy, Russia, and Rest of Europe
  • Asia Pacific: China, India, Japan, Australia, South Korea, ASEAN, and Rest of Asia Pacific
  • Middle East: GCC Countries, Israel, and Rest of Middle East
  • Africa: South Africa, North Africa, and Central Africa
Segments covered:
  • By Product: Anthrax , Small Pox , Botulism , Radiation , and Others
  • By End User:  Hospitals  , Ambulatory Care Centers ,  Research Organizations , Military ,  and Others 
Companies covered:

XOMA corporation, Altimmune Inc., Emergent Biosolutions Inc., Dynavax Technologies Corporation., SIGA Technologies., Elusys Therapeutics Inc., Ichor Medical Systems., Dynport Vaccine Company., Cleveland Biolabs., Bavarian Nordic., Ology Bioservices., Alnylam Pharmaceuticals Inc, Takeda Pharmaceuticals, Chimerix, Inc., Cleveland BioLabs, Inc., and Pluristem Therapeutics

Growth Drivers:
  • Increasing government initiatives and funding
  • Increasing threat of pandemics
Restraints & Challenges:
  • Ethical concerns & high manufacturing costs
  • Long product development timelines

Key Developments

  • On 16 January 2024, The UK and the US have launched a Strategic Dialogue on Biological Security to address growing biological threats. This partnership, building on The Atlantic Declaration, aims to enhance collaboration in research, bio-surveillance, innovation, and countermeasures against biological risks.
  • Governor Kathy Hochul, first female Governor of New York State. has initiated the third round of applications for New York's US$40 million Biodefense Commercialization Fund. This fund aims to speed up the development and commercialization of life science innovations addressing infectious disease threats, while fostering job creation and growth in New York's life science sector. Since its launch in September 2021, Empire State Development has granted US$25.3 million to 11 start-ups and 13 academic institutions working on diagnostics, vaccines, therapeutics, and other solutions against infectious diseases.
  • In June 2022, Emergent BioSolutions Inc. revealed that the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted the Biologics License Application (BLA) for AV7909 (Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed, Adjuvanted) for review.
  • In May 2022, Emergent BioSolutions Inc. also announced its definitive agreement with Chimerix, Inc. to acquire exclusive worldwide rights to TEMBEXA (brincidofovir), the first antiviral approved by the FDA for treating smallpox across all age groups.
  • In February 2022, Appili Therapeutics Inc. unveiled funding exceeding $10 million to progress its biodefense vaccine candidate, ATI-1701, aimed at preventing Francisella tularensis infection. This financial support is anticipated to enhance the company's visibility and stimulate expansion within the Biodefense Market.

*Definition: The biodefense market involves products and services that aim to protect populations from biological threats such as infectious diseases and biological weapons. This includes vaccines, vaccine adjuvants, antimicrobial drugs, diagnostic systems, ventilation systems, disinfectants, and decontamination systems that are used for detection, prevention, and treatment of threats arising from viruses, bacteria, biological toxins, and other pathogens. The market also covers protective equipment and infrastructure that help protect first responders and healthcare professionals dealing with bio-hazardous materials and infectious outbreaks.

Market Segmentation

  •  Product Insights (Revenue, USD Bn, 2019 - 2031)
    • Anthrax
    • Small Pox
    • Botulism
    • Radiation
    • Others
  •  End User Insights (Revenue, USD Bn, 2019 - 2031)
    • Hospitals          
    • Ambulatory Care Centers
    • Research Organizations
    • Military
    • Others
  • Regional Insights (Revenue, USD Bn, 2019 - 2031)
    • North America
      • U.S.
      • Canada
    • Latin America
      • Brazil
      • Argentina
      • Mexico
      • Rest of Latin America
    • Europe
      • Germany
      • U.K.
      • Spain
      • France
      • Italy
      • Russia
      • Rest of Europe
    • Asia Pacific
      • China
      • India
      • Japan
      • Australia
      • South Korea
      • ASEAN
      • Rest of Asia Pacific
    • Middle East
      • GCC Countries
      • Israel
      • Rest of Middle East
    • Africa
      • South Africa
      • North Africa
      • Central Africa
      • Pradeep Tripathi
  • Key Players Insights
    • XOMA corporation
    • Altimmune Inc.
    • Emergent Biosolutions Inc.
    • Dynavax Technologies Corporation.
    • SIGA Technologies.
    • Elusys Therapeutics Inc.
    • Ichor Medical Systems.
    • Dynport Vaccine Company.
    • Cleveland Biolabs.
    • Bavarian Nordic.
    • Ology Bioservices.
    • Alnylam Pharmaceuticals Inc
    • Takeda Pharmaceuticals
    • Chimerix, Inc.
    • Cleveland BioLabs, Inc.
    • Pluristem Therapeutics

Frequently Asked Questions

The CAGR of the biodefense market is projected to be 7.4% from 2024 to 2031.

Increasing government initiatives and funding and increasing threat of pandemics are the major factors driving the growth of the biodefense market.

Ethical concerns & high manufacturing costs and long product development timelines are the major factors hampering the growth of the biodefense market.

In terms of product, anthrax is estimated to dominate the market revenue share in 2024.

Xoma corporation, altimmune inc., emergent biosolutions inc., dynavax technologies corporation., siga technologies., elusys therapeutics inc., ichor medical systems., dynport vaccine company., cleveland biolabs., bavarian nordic., ology bioservices., alnylam pharmaceuticals inc, takeda pharmaceuticals, chimerix, inc., cleveland biolabs, inc., and pluristem therapeutics are the major players.

North America is expected to lead the biodefense market.

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