Electrical steel is also referred to as transformer steel and silicon steel. It has modified magnetic properties and is widely used across motors, inductors, transformer, battery, and welding equipment. It is also used for lamination methods in the cores of electrical products since they can reduce the energy loss, emit a low level of carbon dioxide, and improve the efficiency of the electric motors.
The global electrical steel market was estimated to account for US$ 21,575.90 Mn in terms of value and 16,800.00 Kilo Tons in terms of volume by the end of 2019.
Increasing demand for the product from consumer appliances such as refrigerators, air conditioners, and high power coolers is projected to foster market growth. Consumer appliances produced by using electrical appliances is environmentally friendly and saves energy up to 15% to 30%. Compressor motors, relays are appliances that can be produced by using electrical steel and they can be installed in cabins and rooms.
Growing demand for electric steel from the automotive industry to produce various automobile components is primarily fueling market growth. It is used to manufacture electrical power steering systems motors, core material for motors, and actuators. Moreover, the use of electrical steel also improves the fuel efficiency of the vehicles. Therefore, the growing demand for electrical steel from the automotive industry is projected to augment market growth.
Regionally, Asia Pacific dominated the global electrical steel market in 2019, reporting 52.4% market share in terms of revenue, followed by Europe and North America, respectively.
Figure 1. Global Electrical Steel Market, Revenue Share (%), By Region, 2019
The growing importance of nickel-iron alloys which are the more innovative and advanced solution as compared to electrical steel is expected to hinder the market growth. The magnetic properties of electrical steel are insufficient to the critical requirement of efficiency and precision. Moreover, nickel-iron alloys are widely used in the sensors, relays, and motor laminations in place of electrical steel.
Issues associated with the production of the electrical steel is expected to hamper the market growth of the electrical steel. A mechanical stress and strain are developed during the production process which weakens the magnetic property of electrical steel. This factor is expected to hamper the market growth of electrical steel.
|Base Year:||2019||Market Size in 2019:||US$ 21,575.90 Mn|
|Historical Data for:||2016 to 2019||Forecast Period:||2020 to 2027|
|Forecast Period 2020 to 2027 CAGR:||7.7%||2027 Value Projection:||US$ 38,829.85 Mn|
NLMK, Voestalpine AG, POSCO, Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation, Thyssenkrupp AG, JFE Steel Corporation, ArcelorMittal, Cogent Power Limited, Aperam, Baosteel Group Corporation, AK Steel Corporation, ATI, Schneider Electric, Nicore Electrical Manufactory Co., Ltd.
|Restraints & Challenges:||
Increasing surface coating of electrical steel with suitable materials in order to enhance the properties of electrical steel is expected to provide potential growth opportunities to the market. Coatings enhance the ability to withstand stress relief anneals, punch ability, and electrical resistance. Thus, increasing application of surface coatings of the electrical steel will favor the market growth over the forecast period.
The growing use of laser treatment for the reduction of core loss is expected to serve major growth opportunities in the near future. For example, Nd: YAG or carbon dioxide lasers are mainly used for industrial utilization to enhance core losses by 10%. Thus, the growing use of the laser treatment for improving core loss is expected to foster the market growth of the electrical steel over the forecast timeframe.
Figure 2. Global Electrical Steel Market – Opportunity Analysis
Market Trends/Key Takeaways
Increasing electrical resistivity which can be achieved by increasing the concentration of the silicon and aluminum on the electrical sheet is a major trend in the market. Many manufacturers are adopting this technology to improve the concentration of the silicon and aluminum by a surface deposition method. Therefore, the growing need for improving electrical resistivity for improving the microstructural properties of the metal is expected to augment the market growth.
Rising consumption of steel products across various end-user industries is a major trend in the market. Steel is widely used across various industries such as electrical, automotive, etc., for producing consumer goods. The market of electrical steel is also attributed to the growing disposable income of the consumer which is increasing their purchasing power, this in turn is boosting demand for consumer goods such as electrical appliances.
Global Electrical Steel Market - Impact of Coronavirus (Covid-19) Pandemic
The covid-19 pandemic has immensely affected electrical steel market, owing to decreasing demand for electrical steel from various end-use industry such as energy and automotive industry. For instance, according to the European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association (ACEA), in the European Union (EU), the total sales of new vehicles in the first two months of 2020 were 7.4% less than the same period in the previous year. The major countries in the EU, which faced a decline in demand in 2020 are Germany, France, Italy, and Spain. Over the next few years, electrical steel is expected to witness steady demand and the global market is expected to reach US$ 38,829.85 Mn by 2027, according to Coherent Market Insights’ Analysis.
Key players operating in the global electrical steel market are NLMK, Voestalpine AG, POSCO, Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation, Thyssenkrupp AG, JFE Steel Corporation, ArcelorMittal, Cogent Power Limited, Aperam, Baosteel Group Corporation, AK Steel Corporation, ATI, Schneider Electric, Nicore Electrical Manufactory Co., Ltd
Few Recent Developments
In July 2019, NLMK Group has signed a long-term strategic partnership agreement with LTC Group, a European manufacturer of components for transformers and power generation devices. Under this agreement, NLMK Group companies in Lipetsk and Yekaterinburg is going to supply grain-oriented and non-grain-oriented electrical steel and provide technical support to LTC Group.
Electrical steel sheets are used in the electromagnetic devices such as generators, transformer and motors. It is also referred as silicon steel, lamination steel or transformer steel, mainly used in automotive industries and electrical power distribution systems.
The global electrical steel market is growing at substantial rate, owing to rise in consumption rate of electrical steel in motors and transformer. Furthermore, increasing sales of automotive vehicles is the key underlying factor supporting market growth. According to Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles, in 2018, 95.05 million units of vehicles were sold globally, up from 93.8 million in 2016. This scenario is expected to provide lucrative growth to the global Electrical steel market over the forecast period.
Major players in the global electrical steel market are increasing their investment on innovative product launchings, research & development and marketing & promotional activities to capitalize on emerging trends in various end-use energy, household appliances and automobile industry. For instance, in 2018, AK Steel, launched electrical steel for use in high voltage and ultra-voltage power transformers, TRAN-COR X, belongs to high permeability grain oriented electrical steel (GOES) type. This scenario is expected to fuel the market during the forecast period.
Key features of the study:
“*” marked represents similar segmentation in other categories in the respective