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  • Published On : Jul 2023
  • Code : CMI6086
  • Pages : 160
  • Formats :
      Excel and PDF
  • Industry : Smart Technologies

The global Green Bond market size was valued at US$ 479.60 billion in 2023 and is expected to reach US$ 934.60 billion by 2030, grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10% from 2023 to 2030

Global Green Bond market focus on sustainability and climate change intensifies. Green Bonds are fixed-income financial instruments specifically designed to raise funds for environmentally friendly projects and initiatives. Issuers, which include governments, municipalities, corporations, and financial institutions, utilize the proceeds from Green Bond offerings to support projects such as renewable energy infrastructure, energy efficiency improvements, sustainable transportation, and climate change mitigation and adaptation measures.

Investors are increasingly drawn to Green Bonds due to their potential for positive environmental impact and alignment with socially responsible investment strategies. The Green Bond market not only provides issuers with a viable funding avenue for sustainability projects but also allows investors to contribute to the global transition towards a more sustainable and low-carbon future. As governments worldwide implement policies to address climate change and corporations adopt more sustainable practices, the Green Bond market is expected to continue its growth trajectory, further mobilizing capital for environmentally responsible projects.

Green Bond Market Regional Insights

  • North America: North America is the largest market for Green Bond, accounting for a share of over 27% in 2022. The Green Bond market in North America has also experienced substantial growth, with the United States and Canada being key participants. The region's focus on renewable energy, clean technologies, and climate resilience projects has driven the issuance of Green Bonds by corporations, municipalities, and governmental bodies. Moreover, initiatives by institutional investors and pension funds to incorporate environmental considerations into their investment strategies have contributed to the development of the Green Bond market in this region.
  • Europe: Europe is the second-largest market for Green Bond, accounting for a share of over 33% in 2022. Europe has been a leader in the Green Bond market, with several countries and organizations actively promoting sustainable finance. The European Union's Green Deal and various national policies have incentivized issuers to fund green projects through Green Bonds. European investors have shown strong interest in sustainability, contributing to the growth of the market. Notably, green and sustainable bonds issued by European entities have gained popularity among international investors, making the region a significant hub for Green Bond issuance.
  • Asia-Pacific: Asia Pacific is the fastest-growing market for Green Bond, accounting for a share of over 26% in 2022. The Asia-Pacific region has emerged as a rapidly growing Green Bond market. Countries like China, India, and Japan have shown increasing interest in sustainable financing, given their ambitious climate goals and growing awareness of environmental challenges. Chinese issuers, in particular, have been prolific in the Green Bond market, funding numerous green projects domestically and internationally. Additionally, global investors seeking sustainable investment opportunities have shown a keen interest in Asian Green Bonds.

Figure 1. Global Green Bond Market Share (%), by Region, 2023

 | Coherent Market Insights

Green Bond Market Drivers:

  • Environmental Awareness and Climate Concerns: Growing awareness of environmental challenges, including climate change and its potential impacts, has led to an increased sense of urgency in addressing sustainability issues. Investors and issuers alike are recognizing the importance of financing projects that support environmental objectives, such as renewable energy, energy efficiency, and climate change adaptation and mitigation.
  • Sustainable Investing and ESG Focus: The rise of sustainable investing and Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) considerations in investment decision-making has fueled demand for Green Bonds. Investors are seeking opportunities to align their portfolios with environmentally responsible projects and are prioritizing investments that promote positive social and environmental outcomes.
  • Regulatory and Policy Support: Governments and regulatory bodies in various countries have taken steps to support sustainable finance initiatives. Policy measures, incentives, and frameworks promoting green investments and sustainable projects have encouraged issuers to tap into the Green Bond market.
  • Corporate Sustainability Initiatives: Corporations, particularly those with strong sustainability commitments and environmental goals, have turned to Green Bonds to finance projects aligned with their corporate social responsibility strategies. Issuing Green Bonds showcases a company's commitment to sustainability and can enhance its reputation among investors and stakeholders.

Green Bond Market Opportunities:

  • Financing Sustainable Projects: Green Bonds provide a dedicated avenue for financing environmentally friendly projects. This presents an opportunity for governments, corporations, and municipalities to raise capital for initiatives focused on renewable energy, energy efficiency, sustainable transportation, green buildings, and climate change adaptation.
  • Attracting Sustainable Investors: Issuing Green Bonds can attract a broader and more diverse pool of investors, including those with a specific focus on sustainable investing and ESG considerations. By tapping into the growing market of responsible investors, issuers can expand their investor base and potentially lower borrowing costs.
  • Enhancing Corporate Reputation: For corporations, issuing Green Bonds can be an effective way to demonstrate commitment to sustainability and corporate social responsibility. It enhances a company's reputation as an environmentally conscious organization, thereby potentially attracting socially responsible investors and customers.
  • Diversification of Funding Sources: For governments and corporations, Green Bonds provide an additional funding source that complements traditional financing methods. Diversifying funding sources can reduce dependency on conventional debt instruments and offer access to a niche market of sustainable investors.

Green Bond Market Report Coverage

Report Coverage Details
Base Year: 2022 Market Size in 2023: US$ 479.60 Bn
Historical Data for: 2018 to 2021 Forecast Period: 2023 - 2030
Forecast Period 2023 to 2030 CAGR: 10% 2030 Value Projection: US$ 934.60 Bn
Geographies covered:
  • North America: U.S. and Canada
  • Latin America: Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, and Rest of Latin America
  • Europe: Germany, U.K., Spain, France, Italy, Russia, and Rest of Europe
  • Asia Pacific: China, India, Japan, Australia, South Korea, ASEAN, and Rest of Asia Pacific
  • Middle East & Africa:  GCC Countries, Israel,  South Africa, North Africa, and Central Africa and Rest of Middle East
Segments covered:
  • By Type of Issuer: Sovereign Green Bonds, Corporate Green Bonds, Municipal Green Bonds
  • By Project Types Funded: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, Sustainable Transportation, Green Buildings, Climate Change Adaptation, Biodiversity and Conservation
  • By Use of Proceeds: Use of Proceeds-Labelled Green Bonds, Use of Proceeds-Unlabelled Green Bonds
  • By Currency: USD (United States Dollar), EUR (Euro), JPY (Japanese Yen), CNY (Chinese Yuan), Other currencies
  • By Certification: Climate Bonds Certified, Other Certified Green Bonds
  • By Tenor: Short-term Green Bonds, Medium-term Green Bonds, Long-term Green Bonds
Companies covered:

Bank of China, China Development Bank, European Investment Bank, Natixis, Societe Generale, Iberdrola, Banco Santander, Abu Dhabi Islamic Bank, KfW, BNP Paribas, UniCredit, Credit Agricole, DBS Bank, Standard Chartered, NatWest Group

Growth Drivers:
  • Environmental Awareness and Climate Concerns
  • Sustainable Investing and ESG Focus
  • Regulatory and Policy Support
  • Corporate Sustainability Initiatives
Restraints & Challenges:
  • Lack of Standardization
  • Verification and Reporting Challenges
  • Limited Supply of Eligible Green Projects

Green Bond Market Trends:

  • Increasing Issuance and Market Growth: The Green Bond market has experienced significant growth in recent years, with a steady increase in the number of issuers and the total value of Green Bonds issued. As environmental concerns intensify and sustainable finance gains traction, more entities are turning to Green Bonds to fund environmentally friendly projects.
  • Diversification of Issuers: Originally dominated by development banks and multilateral institutions, the Green Bond market has seen diversification in terms of issuers. Governments, municipalities, corporations, and financial institutions from various sectors are now actively participating, reflecting a broader embrace of sustainable finance.
  • Innovation in Green Bond Structures: Issuers are exploring innovative green bond structures to meet specific financing needs and align with project timelines. This includes sustainability-linked bonds, where the issuer commits to achieving predetermined environmental targets, and green project bonds that are tied to specific green projects.
  • Expansion of Green Bond Frameworks: Standardization of Green Bond frameworks and principles has become more prevalent. Entities such as the Green Bond Principles (GBP) and Climate Bonds Initiative (CBI) are providing guidelines and certification to ensure transparency and integrity in the market, encouraging further growth and investor confidence.

Green Bond Market Restraints:

  • Lack of Standardization: Although efforts have been made to establish Green Bond principles and frameworks, there is still a lack of full standardization in the market. Varying definitions of "green" and divergent criteria for project eligibility can create confusion among investors and issuers, potentially undermining the credibility and transparency of Green Bond issuances.
  • Verification and Reporting Challenges: Ensuring the accurate allocation of Green Bond proceeds to environmentally beneficial projects requires robust verification and reporting mechanisms. Some issuers may face difficulties in providing comprehensive and reliable data on the use of proceeds and the environmental impact of funded projects.
  • Limited Supply of Eligible Green Projects: A constraint in the Green Bond market is the availability of a sufficient pipeline of eligible green projects to absorb the growing investor demand. Identifying suitable projects that meet both financial and environmental criteria can be a challenge for issuers, particularly in certain regions and sectors.

Recent Developments

New product launches

  • The International Capital Market Association (ICMA) has launched a new green bond standard for securitized products. This standard will provide investors with greater transparency and assurance about the green credentials of securitized green bonds.
  • The European Investment Bank (EIB) has launched a new green bond fund. This fund will invest in green bonds issued by European companies and governments.
  • The World Bank has launched a new green bond series. This series will focus on financing climate-resilient infrastructure projects in developing countries.

Acquisition and partnerships

  • In 2022, the European Investment Bank (EIB) acquired the green bond business of Natixis. This acquisition gave the EIB a larger green bond portfolio and a stronger presence in the green bond market.
  • In 2020, the World Bank partnered with the International Finance Corporation (IFC) to issue a green bond. This partnership allowed the World Bank to tap into the IFC's expertise in green finance and to raise more capital for green projects.
  • In 2021, the Bank of China partnered with HSBC to issue a green bond. This partnership allowed the Bank of China to reach a wider audience of investors and to raise more capital for green projects.

Figure 2. Global Green Bond Market Share (%), by Issuer, 2023

 | Coherent Market Insights

Top companies in Green Bond Market

  1. Bank of China
  2. China Development Bank
  3. European Investment Bank
  4. Natixis
  5. Societe Generale
  6. Iberdrola
  7. Banco Santander
  8. Abu Dhabi Islamic Bank
  9. KfW
  10. BNP Paribas
  11. UniCredit
  12. Credit Agricole
  13. DBS Bank
  14. Standard Chartered
  15. NatWest Group

*Definition: A Green Bond is a fixed-income financial instrument designed to raise funds for environmentally friendly projects and initiatives. Issued by governments, municipalities, corporations, and financial institutions, Green Bonds allocate the proceeds to support projects such as renewable energy infrastructure, energy efficiency improvements, sustainable transportation, and climate change adaptation and mitigation measures.

Frequently Asked Questions

Lack of standardization, verification challenges, and limited eligible green projects are hampering the market's growth.

Growing environmental awareness, sustainable investing demand, regulatory support, and corporate sustainability initiatives drive the market growth.

The leading component segment is Renewable Energy, including solar, wind, hydroelectric, geothermal projects, among others.  

Major players include Bank of China, China Development Bank, European Investment Bank, Natixis, Societe Generale, Iberdrola, Banco Santander, Abu Dhabi Islamic Bank, KfW, and others.

Europe is expected to lead the market with significant issuance and sustainable finance initiatives.
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