HIV causes AIDS and interferes with the body's ability to fight infections. The virus can be transmitted through contact with infected blood, semen or vaginal fluids. Within a few weeks of HIV infection, flu-like symptoms such as fever, sore throat and fatigue can occur. Then the disease is usually asymptomatic until it progresses to AIDS. AIDS symptoms include weight loss, fever or night sweats, fatigue and recurrent infections. HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks cells that help the body fight infection, making a person more vulnerable to other infections and diseases. HIV can be diagnosed through blood or saliva testing. Available tests include: Antigen/antibody tests. These tests usually involve drawing blood from a vein. Antigens are substances on the HIV virus itself and are usually detectable — a positive test — in the blood within a few weeks after exposure to HIV. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, three types of HIV tests are available:
The time between potential HIV exposure and an accurate test result is referred to as the window period. Improvements in testing technology continue to reduce the detection window period, and, therefore, the time to diagnosis and treatment of early HIV infection.
Increasing engagement programs by various government bodies to reduce disease burden of HIV epidemics and growing need for safe blood transfusion and donations in Asia Pacific is expected to drive the HIV diagnostic market size during the forecast period. For instance, in January 2018, India plans to make pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) available to men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women. The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) indicated in November 2018 that it is planning to study the effectiveness of PrEP in high-risk groups.
However, stigma and social ostracism associated with HIV infections and diseases is expected to hinder the timely HIV diagnostics and treatment. Moreover, the fear of being tested positive, discrimination, rejection, and stigma restricts several people from conducting screening voluntarily. The fear of discord in marital relationships is yet another challenge where testing HIV positive is often seen as a case of infidelity. Therefore, these factors are expected to hamper the market growth.
Key features of the study:
“*” marked represents similar segmentation in other categories in the respective section.
Table of Contents
*Browse 22 market data tables and 14 figures on “Asia Pacific HIV Diagnostics Market” - forecast to 2030