Adipic Acid – Insights
Adipic acid or hexanedioic acid are organic compounds with molecular formula (CH2)4(COOH)2. Adipic acids are commercially formed by the reaction between cyclohexanone and cyclohexanol. High purity adipic acids are used in the manufacture of polyurethane. These are widely used in home furnishing applications such as bedding foam, furniture, and carpet underlays. These are widely used in cushioning materials to make furniture more comfortable and durable.
Increasing applications of adipic acid in various end-use industries, namely paints & coatings, automobiles, textiles, industrial appliances, consumer goods, electrical & electronics, wires & cables and food & packaging industry is expected to boost growth of the adipic acid market during the forecast period (2017-2025).
Burgeoning population growth in turn results in increasing infrastructure development activities, especially in countries such as India, China, and Brazil. This subsequently fuels demand for paints & coatings and wires & cables. Changing life style and increasing disposable income is surging the demand for convenience food, which in turn is propelling demand for nylon 6,6 resin in food packaging industry.
Raw material price fluctuation coupled with high production cost of synthetic based adipic acid is expected to be the key challenge for market growth during the forecast period. Generation of harmful CO2 and toxic waste from adipic acid manufacturing unit, due to the use of petroleum based raw materials, has compelled the industry to shift in focus from synthetic towards bio based adipic acid. For instance, glucose is commonly used to produce bio based adipic acid. Whereas raw materials required to manufacture synthetic based adipic acid are petroleum and its derivatives, which require huge capital investment as compared to bio based adipic acid which in turn is expected to hinder the growth of synthetic based adipic acid market. For instance, on March 20, 2014, Rennovia Inc. and Johnson Matthey Davy Technologies Ltd. -- collaborated to develop and commercialize the production technology for bio-based glucaric acid and adipic acid. Also, on February 27, 2015, Rennovia Inc. and Johnson Matthey Davy Technologies Ltd. Announced plans to co-develop commercial catalysts for bio based adipic acid process are the key drivers for the growth of global adipic acid market during the forecast period.
The global adipic acid market size was valued at US$ 7.1 billion (revenue) and 3737.8 kilo tons (volume) in 2016 and is expected to expand at a CAGR of 6.0% in terms of revenue and 4.1% in terms of volume during 2017 – 2025.
Figure 1. Global Adipic Acid Market Share, 2016 (Revenue)
Nylon 6,6 Fibers has emerged as the fastest growing application area for Adipic Acid
Nylon 6,6 fibers have been the major application segment of adipic acid in 2015. Increasing, demand for nylon 6,6 fibers in automotive industry is expected to be the key factor propelling growth of the market for adipic acid. Increasing automotive industry coupled with the growing population in emerging economies such as China, India, and Brazil is projected to augment market growth during the forecast period. For instance, according to India Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF) -- a Trust established by the Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India -- by 2020, India is expected to be the world leader in 2W and 4W segments export. Also, Government of India plans to make India as an automobiles manufacturing hub by 2026, and the passenger vehicle segment is expected to reach 9.4 million units as highlighted in the Auto Mission Plan (AMP) 2016-2026.
Europe, followed by Asia Pacific and North America, respectively, accounted for major share in the global adipic acid market both in terms of revenue and volume in 2016 and the trend is estimated to remain the same over the forecast period. In 2016, Asia Pacific held a share of 25.3% in terms of volume, followed by Europe (37.8%). The growing demand for nylon 6,6, fibers in the application segments in Asia Pacific due to increasing population, growing urbanization owing to surge in construction activities is expected to drive growth of the global adipic acid market during the forecast period. According to a study conducted by Coherent Market Insights, the global Adipate ester market is expected to witness a CAGR of 6.2% from 2017 to 2025, which in turn is expected to fuel the global adipic acid market.
Multinational players need to shift towards environment friendly and green technology
Major players in the global Adipic Acid market include Asahi Kasei Corporation, Ascend Performance Materials Inc., BASF SE, Invista, Lanxess Ag, PetroChina Liaoyang Petrochemical, Radici Group, Rhodia, Shandong Haili Chemical Industry Company Ltd., and Shandong Hongye Chemical Company, Ltd., Rennovia Inc.
The production of bio based and synthetic-based adipic acid follows a two-step process. The first step involves production of cyclohexane or cyclohexanone, commonly known as ketone alcohol oil, while the second step is the conversion of ketone alcohol oil into adipic acid using nitrogen acid reactions. This reaction leads to production of a large amount of nitrous oxide (N2O) and NOX.
Key end-use industries in the global adipic acid market, such as textile and automotive, have gained significant traction in the recent past, and the trend is expected to continue in the near future, in turn augmenting growth of the market. According to the stats provided by Coherent Market Insights, the automotive industry was dominating the market for adipic acid in 2016 and the trend is expected to continue in the following years. Adipic acid is mainly used in the production of nylon 6,6, which finds wide application across various industries ranging from automotive to textile. This is mainly attributed its high durability, lightweight, high elasticity and tensile strength. The clothing industry has witnessed rapid growth in the recent past, especially in emerging economies of India and China, due to increasing discretionary income.
Asia Pacific is expected to be the fastest growing region during the forecast period. Growing economy of China, Japan and India is in turn propelling the demand for improved residential and commercial complex to accommodate the rapidly growing population. This increases demand for synthetic fibers, paints & coatings and electrical wires & cables applications in various infrastructural projects. Europe was the largest market for adipic acids in 2016 and the region is expected to retain its dominance in the market through 2025.
Synthetic adipic acid is manufactured from petroleum products such as phenol and benzene. Fluctuation in crude oil prices and adverse environmental impact of manufacturing of adipic acid inhibits growth of the adipic acid market. The production of adipic acid involves significant generation of CO2 and also toxic industrial waste. This has led to increasing focus of players in the market towards development of bio-based adipic acid, which is more economically viable and involves a relatively clean production process. For instance, on November 30, 2011, Verdezyne, Inc.—a biotechnology company—announced plans to develop renewable chemicals and fuels from non-petroleum sources, with the commencement of its first pilot plant to produce adipic acid. Increasing merger & acquisition between multinational players and product development is expected to boost the market for adipic acid. For instance, on March 20, 2014, Rennovia Inc. and Johnson Matthey Davy Technologies Ltd. collaborated to develop and commercialize the production technology for bio-based glucaric acid and adipic acid. Also, on February 27, 2015, Rennovia Inc. and Johnson Matthey Davy Technologies Ltd. to co-develop commercial catalysts for bio-based adipic acid process are the key drivers for the growth of global adipic acid market during the forecast period.
The increasing preference of auto manufacturers towards the use of nylon 6, 6 due to the considerable lightweight, low cost, and excellent performance, resulting in high fuel efficiency and adherence to regulatory guidelines, is fueling growth of the adipic acid market. Changing food habits and increasing disposable income coupled with population expansion is propelling growth of the food & beverages industry and subsequently, increasing demand for nylon 6, 6 fiber in production of packaging products.
This report segments the global Adipic Acid market on the basis of application. On the basis of application, the market is segmented as Nylon 6, 6 Fiber, Nylon 6, 6 Resin, Polyurethanes, Adipate Esters, and Others. On the basis of end-use industry, the global adipic acid market is segmented into Automotive, Electrical & Electronics, Home Appliances, Textiles, FMC and others.
Key features of the study:
“*” Marked represents similar segmentation in other categories in the respective section.
Note- We will profile top 10 companies’ profiles. Also, we will provide the exhaustive list of domestic players for every region.