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  • Published In : Jul 2023
  • Code : CMI3977
  • Pages :120
  • Formats :
      Excel and PDF
  • Industry : Energy

Global biomass solid fuel market is projected to reach around US$ 501.6 Billion by the end of 2030, in terms of revenue, growing at CAGR of 9.7% during the forecast period (2023-2030).

Global Biomass Solid Fuel Market: Drivers

Increase in use of biomass solid fuel in various industries

Biomass is used for sustainable energy production as preferred by scientists, investors, and policymakers to provide solutions to  growing energy crisis, and to reduce the environmental impact due to high greenhouse gas emission. Rising demand for biomass solid fuel from multiple industries across the globe is expected to drive the market growth. Since the start of the industrial revolution, fossil fuels have dominated the world's energy supply. Oil, gas, and coal are the major source of energy globally, however, due to high depletion rate of fossil fuels, there is a need for better energy resource that can safely replace fossil fuels and offer minimum carbon footprint.

The U.S. Department of Energy studied the impact of both fossil fuels and biomass solid fuels on global warming during the life-cycle of a power generation facility. It was found that using biofuel over coal, even when the carbon from burning coal is sequestered, leads to 148% reduction in the global warming potential of a power plant. Biomass solid fuel is the most suitable replacement for fossil fuels. These factors are expected to drive the global biomass solid fuel market growth during the forecast period. Besides, biomass solid fuel contributes to the largest share in the global bioenergy production.

No additional procedure required for processing biomass solid fuel

The major advantage of biomass solid fuel is that no typical production process is required in most of the cases, as it is often available in an appropriate form. It is available in the nature in its usual form. The issue with biomass, particularly wood chips and sawdust, is that they are inconvenient to transport in their natural state; as a result, they undergo a process called densification. . Through this process, the biomass is compressed into a solid form by mixing it with bonding agents to hold it together for convenient storage, transport, and use. Densified biomass is generally stored in the form of pellets and bricks.

Global Biomass Solid Fuel Market: Restraints

Direct burning causes Greenhouse Effect

Although biomass solid fuel is an alternative to non-renewable energy resources, the usage of biomass for direct burning has few disadvantages. The initial biomass is a sparse heterogeneous material that consists of pieces of various sizes with different calorific values. These features of biomass causes serious problems while burning solid biofuel in combusting chambers. For instance, the low bulk density of the biomass leads to reduced efficiency of the combustion. Although burning of biomass solid fuel does not emit enough carbon dioxide that would cause greenhouse effect, and thus, biofuels produce nitrous oxide on burning that can cause greenhouse effect. These factors are expected to hamper the market growth during the forecast period.

 Global Biomass Solid Fuel Market: Opportunity

Rise in industrial production leads to greenhouse gas emission

The emission of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide continuously increasing due to rising industrial production in emerging economies. This is due to high investment costs involved in the adoption of green technologies and renewable resources. Solid biomass fuel can be used as one of the alternatives to stop the consumption of fossil fuels. According to VDEW- German Verband der Elektrizitaetswirtschaft, a Germany-based electricity association, the potential of available biomass in the world is equivalent to produce more than 150 billion mg per year, which is equivalent to 120 billion mg of coal. The potential for using this biomass solid fuel as an energy source is enormous. However, only 20–30% of the available biomass is useful.

Need for infrastructure to develop bioenergy for world

There is huge opportunity for the energy companies to invest in the infrastructure to develop bioenergy to fulfil world energy requirement by using solid biomass. Forest products are being used increasingly as a source of energy. Biomass solid fuel offers lucrative opportunities not only for climate change mitigation but also for harnessing energy crops, waste, degraded lands, and co-farming, and thus, creating wealth and employment and increase energy dependence.

Global Biomass Solid Fuel Market: Trends

Increase in consumption of fossil fuels

Increasing industrialization, and economic development leads to high consumption of fossil fuels. Fossil fuel reserves are limited, and these are depleting at an alarming rate. Biomass solid fuel along with other renewable energy resources are expected to be the potential alternatives of fossil fuels. Nowadays, bagasse and other agricultural residues are commonly used to produce power and heat in Brazil, and thus, demand for biomass solid fuel is rising.

Biomass Solid Fuel Market Report Coverage

Report Coverage Details
Base Year: 2022 Market Size in 2022: US$ 239.2 Bn
Historical Data for: 2018 to 2021 Forecast Period: 2023 to 2030
Forecast Period 2023 to 2030 CAGR: 9.7% 2030 Value Projection: US$ 501.6 Bn
Geographies covered:
  • North America: U.S. and Canada
  • Latin America: Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, and Rest of Latin America
  • Europe: Germany, U.K., Spain, France, Italy, Russia, and Rest of Europe
  • Asia Pacific: China, India, Japan, Australia, South Korea, ASEAN, and Rest of Asia Pacific
  • Middle East & Africa: South Africa, GCC Countries, and Rest of Middle East & Africa
  • Africa: North Africa, Central Africa, South Africa, and Rest of Africa
Segments covered:
  • By Source: Wood Pellets, Crop Residue, Energy Crops, Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), Others (Peat, Sawdust, etc.)
  • By Application: Space Heating/Cooling, Cooking, Heat Processing, Electricity Generation, Others
  • By End Use: Industrial, Institutional, Domestic 
Companies covered:

Svenska Cellulosa Aktiebolaget SCA, BTG Biomass Technology Group, Eni S.p.A., Fulcrum BioEnergy, SOCOTEC Group, Drax Biomass Inc., Aggregated Micro Power Holdings plc, PVM Environmental Products, VGrid Energy Systems, and Vattenfall AB

Growth Drivers:
  • Growing acceptance of renewable energy resources
  • Low carbon footprints
Restraints & Challenges:
  • Lack of awareness among consumers regarding the benefits of biomass solid fuel coupled with the lack of skilled labor
  • High infrastructure cost of biomass solid fuel

Global Biomass Solid Fuel Market: Recent Developments

In November 2021, BTG Biomass Technology Group and ABATO Motoren B.V. have achieved a significant milestone in their efforts to modify an internal combustion (diesel) engine to enable the use of Fast-Pyrolysis Bio-Oil  (FPBO) by having their novel engine run for more than 500 continuous hours on FPBO that was mixed with 10% ethanol.

In February 2023, Fulcrum delivered the first railcar of landfill waste-derived syncrude in the world to its strategic partners Marathon Petroleum for conversion into fuel from the Sierra BioFuels Plant.

In 15 June 2023, The Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi) has verified Vattenfall's goal of having net-zero emissions in 2040 as the first Sweden-based energy company. This adds to Vattenfall's 2030 goals that support keeping global warming to 1.5°C.

In December 2022, Fulcrum BioEnergy, Inc., a clean energy pioneer in the development of renewable, drop-in transportation fuels from landfill waste, announced that it had successfully produced a low-carbon synthetic crude oil using landfill waste as a feedstock at its Sierra BioFuels Plant, the first commercial-scale landfill waste-to-fuels facility in the world.

Global Biomass Solid Fuel Market: Regional Analysis

In the global Biomass Solid Fuel market, Europe held the largest market share in terms of revenue. The rising demand for renewable energy sources in the area is to blame for this. According to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), Europe has seen an increase in installed biomass power capacity over the past ten years due to aggressive legislative initiatives. About half of the world's installed capacities are represented by it.

Figure 1. Biomass Solid Fuel Market Share (%), By Region, 2022


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On the basis of region, Europe dominates the global biomass solid fuel market with the 37% market share in terms of revenue, followed by North America and Asia Pacific, respectively.

Global Biomass Solid Fuel Market: Segmentation

Biomass solid fuel is divided into categories based on source, use, and end use. Additional categorization is carried out based on the following criteria: source (wood pellets, crop residue, energy crops, municipal solid waste, and others); application (space heating/cooling, cooking, heat processing, electricity generation, and others); and end use (industrial, institutional, and domestic).

On the basis of source, the global biomass solid fuel market is segmented into wood pellets, energy crops, crop residue, municipal solid waste (MSW), and  others (peat, sawdust, etc.). In 2022, wood pellets segment accounted for 33% of the revenue share followed by others (peat, sawdust, etc.) and energy crops segments.

Figure 2. Biomass Solid Fuel Market Share (%), By Source, in 2022


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Global Biomass Solid Fuel Market: Impact of Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic

The market for biomass solid fuels has been severely affected by COVID-19. Manufacturing operations have been suspended across all sectors of the economy. The need for a constant supply of heat and electricity to end users and the critical importance of energy security have been recognized by nations all over the world. The current essential and on-demand energy sources include wood chips, bagasse, and pellets. Governments all over the world are implementing recovery plans in response to the pandemic, but it's critical to recognize that climate change represents the greatest danger to humanity. The main pillars of the government's plans to promote economic growth and move toward a sustainable future should be renewable energy and bioenergy sources.

Global Biomass Solid Fuel Market: Key Companies

Key Companies operating in global biomass solid fuel market are Svenska Cellulosa Aktiebolaget SCA, BTG Biomass Technology Group, Eni S.p.A., Fulcrum BioEnergy, SOCOTEC Group, Drax Biomass Inc., Aggregated Micro Power Holdings plc, PVM Environmental Products, VGrid Energy Systems, and Vattenfall AB.

*Definition: Biomass is defined as the biologically degradable fraction of products, residues, and wastes from remains of animals and plants, and biological remains of household and industrial waste. Biomass is a renewable energy resource that can be derived from the carbonaceous waste of human, animals, and other industrial activities. It acts as a constant source of energy that can never be depleted.

Frequently Asked Questions

Global biomass solid fuel market is estimated to surpass US$ 501.6 Billion by 2030, exhibiting a CAGR of 9.7% between 2023 and 2030.

Growing acceptance of renewable energies and its low carbon footprint are the main factors that are expected to drive the market growth.

The market is expected to exhibit a CAGR of 9.7% during the forecast period (2023-2030).

Key Companies are Svenska Cellulosa Aktiebolaget SCA, BTG Biomass Technology Group, Eni S.p.A., Fulcrum BioEnergy, SOCOTEC Group, Drax Biomass Inc., Aggregated Micro Power Holdings plc, PVM Environmental Products, VGrid Energy Systems, and Vattenfall AB.

The insufficient knowledge about the biomass solid fuel and the high costing of the infrastructure can hinder the market growth during the forecast period.  

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