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The Global Cipher Machine and Password Card Market size was valued at US$ 2.29 Bn in 2023 and is expected to reach US$ 4.18 billion by 2030, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9% from 2023 to 2030. Cipher machines and password cards are hardware-based security solutions used for encryption and access control. They utilize cryptographic algorithms to convert plaintext data into ciphertext that is inaccessible without decryption keys. Cipher machines provide robust defense for data security while password cards enable multi-factor authentication. The rising instances of data breaches and cyber-attacks globally are the key factors driving the adoption of these solutions.

The global cipher machine and password card market is segmented into type, component, application, end user, deployment mode and region. By component, the market is segmented into hardware, cards, drives, and other hardware. The hardware segment accounts for the largest share owing to the high demand for hardware security modules (HSMs) and hardware-based cipher machines among enterprises. HSMs enable cryptographic key management and accelerate encryption performance.

Global Cipher Machine and Password Card Market Regional Insights

  • North America: This region has a strong emphasis on cybersecurity and advanced technologies, which accounted for over 38.5% of the market share in 2022. The demand for secure communication solutions like cipher machines is driven by government agencies, military, and defense contractors. The adoption of password cards could be influenced by the popularity of cryptocurrencies and the awareness of digital security.
  • Europe: Similar to North America, Europe places a high value on cybersecurity, which accounted for over 25.6% of the market share in 2022. The demand for both cipher machines and password cards could be present, driven by government organizations, financial institutions, and technology companies.
  • Asia Pacific: Depending on the country within Asia pacific, the market can vary significantly. The market accounted for over 19.2% of the market share in 2022. Technologically advanced countries like Japan and South Korea might have a higher demand for such security solutions. In emerging economies, there could be a growing interest in adopting these technologies as they develop their digital infrastructure.

Figure 1. Global Cipher Machine and Password Card Market Share (%), by Region, 2023


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Global Cipher Machine and Password Card Market: Analyst’s Viewpoint

The global cipher machine and password card market is expected to witness steady growth over the forecast period driven by the increasing demand for advanced encryption technologies across various industry verticals. Rising concerns regarding data security and privacy will boost the adoption of cipher machines and password cards among small and medium enterprises across sectors such as BFSI(Banking, Financial Services and Insurance), defense, and government. North America currently dominates the market owing to stringent cybersecurity regulations and increased spending on network security solutions by organizations in the U.S. and Canada. Asia Pacific is likely to be the fastest growing regional market with countries like China, India, and Japan showing signs of increased digitalization.

However, high initial procurement and maintenance costs of cipher machines may negatively impact the market especially among cost-sensitive small businesses. Availability of free open-source encryption software is another challenge for established vendors. But growing instances of security breaches and data thefts in recent years have made companies more aware regarding the importance of encrypting sensitive information, which can offset these restraints. Furthermore, the integration of next-gen technologies, such as biometrics, Blockchain, and AI(Artificial Intelligence), in encryption solutions is expected to drive new revenue streams for market participants. Companies need to focus on developing low-cost, user-friendly security options to expand their consumer base and capitalize on opportunities emerging in developing markets.

Global Cipher Machine and Password Card Market Drivers:

  • Security Concerns: Governments, military organizations, and industries dealing with sensitive information have an ongoing need for secure communication methods. Cipher machines provide a high level of encryption that can be difficult to break, making them essential for confidential communication.For instance, in September 2023, Anviz, a prominent supplier of comprehensive intelligent security solutions, unveiled its latest offering tailored for the education sector: Anviz One. This solution aims to fortify the security framework of both public and private educational establishments, spanning from K-12 schools to universities.
  • Cyber Threats: As cyber threats and attacks become more sophisticated, there is a constant need for advanced encryption technologies to protect against data breaches and unauthorized access. Cipher machines offer a robust defense against cyber threats.
  • Regulatory Compliance: Regulatory compliance refers to the need for companies to adhere to laws, regulations, guidelines, and specifications relevant to their business processes. In industries like healthcare and finance, these regulations often include strict requirements for data protection and privacy.
  • Long-term Security: Long-term security refers to the ability of a system to protect data over an extended period. Cipher machines, which use encryption to secure information, provide this type of security because they are not susceptible to common software or online vulnerabilities. This means that even as technology evolves and new threats emerge, the data protected by a cipher machine remains secure. This is particularly important for sensitive information that needs to be stored or transmitted securely over long periods. 

Cipher Machine and Password Card Market Report Coverage

Report Coverage Details
Base Year: 2022 Market Size in 2023: US$ 2.29 Bn
Historical Data for: 2018 to 2021 Forecast Period: 2023 - 2030
Forecast Period 2023 to 2030 CAGR: 9% 2030 Value Projection: US$ 4.18 Bn
Geographies covered:
  • North America: U.S. and Canada
  • Latin America: Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, and Rest of Latin America
  • Europe: Germany, U.K., Spain, France, Italy, Russia, and Rest of Europe
  • Asia Pacific: China, India, Japan, Australia, South Korea, ASEAN, and Rest of Asia Pacific
  • Middle East & Africa: GCC Countries, Israel, South Africa, North Africa, and Central Africa and Rest of Middle East
Segments covered:
  • By Type: Hardware, Software, and Services
  • By Component: Hardware, Cards, Drives, and Other Hardware
  • By Application: Disk Encryption, File/Folder Encryption, Database Encryption, Communication Encryption, Cloud Encryption, and Others
  • By End User: Aerospace and Defense, Government, Banking, Financial Services and Insurance, Retail, Healthcare, and Others
  • By Deployment Mode: On-premises and Cloud
Companies covered:

KABA Group, Yubico, SecuGen Corporation, Anviz Global, Nitgen Co., Ltd., Integrated Biometrics, BIO-key International, Daon Inc., Suprema Inc., Integrated Biometrics, ASSA ABLOY, Dormakaba Holding, Allegion plc, HID Global Corporation, Gunnebo Security Group, IDenticard Systems, PrimeKey Solutions AB, Thales Group, Gemalto NV, and NXP Semiconductors N.V.

Growth Drivers:
  • Security Concerns
  • Cyber Threats
  • Regulatory Requirements
  • Long-term Security
Restraints & Challenges:
  • Digital Encryption Advancements
  • Physical Vulnerability
  • User Education

Global Cipher Machine and Password Card Market Opportunities:

  • Modernization and Innovation: There might be opportunities to modernize traditional cipher machine technologies by integrating them with modern encryption methods, communication protocols, and user-friendly interfaces
  • IoT and Industrial Control Systems Security: As the Internet of Things (IoT) and industrial control systems become more prevalent, there is a growing need for secure communication between devices. Cipher machines could find applications in securing communication within these systems.
  • Cross-industry Adoption: While traditional cipher machines were used primarily by governments and military organizations, there might be opportunities to expand into other industries that require secure communication such as healthcare, finance, and critical infrastructure
  • Quantum Encryption: With the advancement of quantum computing, there is a need for encryption methods that can withstand quantum attacks. Cipher machines could evolve to incorporate quantum-resistant encryption algorithms. 

Global Cipher Machine and Password Card Market Trends:

  • Digital Encryption Dominance: The market for cipher machines was declining due to the widespread adoption of digital encryption methods. Asymmetric and symmetric encryption algorithms, along with secure communication protocols, were becoming more prevalent for ensuring data privacy and security. For instance, in April 2023, Proton, the organization recognized for Proton Mail, introduced a new password manager called Proton Pass. Although the service is set to be free for all users eventually, it is currently in beta and exclusively accessible to Proton's Lifetime and Visionary users.
  • Focus on Quantum-safe Encryption: With the advancement of quantum computing, there was growing interest in developing encryption methods that could resist quantum attacks. This trend was likely to impact the evolution of cipher machine technologies.
  • Cryptocurrency Adoption: The popularity of cryptocurrencies was driving the demand for secure storage solutions like password cards. Cryptocurrency holders were increasingly realizing the importance of offline backup methods for their private keys and recovery seeds.
  • Digital Identity Management: The need for secure management of digital identities is growing, and password cards were positioned as a convenient and reliable solution for individuals to manage their various online accounts securely

Global Cipher Machine and Password Card Market Restraints:

  • Digital Encryption Advancements: The rapid advancement of digital encryption methods, including the development of strong encryption algorithms and secure communication protocols, was rendering traditional cipher machines less relevant for many modern applications. In essence, while digital encryption advancements pose significant challenges to traditional cipher machines and password cards, the latter still find relevance in specific use cases where their unique features, historical significance, or regulatory requirements are valued and mandated. The market resilience and albeit niche underscores the coexistence of both modern digital encryption and traditional methods within the broader spectrum of security solutions.
  • Physical Vulnerability: Password cards, being physical items, are susceptible to loss, theft, or damage. Users need to carefully store and protect these cards to avoid compromising their digital access. Counterbalancing this vulnerability involves implementing robust security protocols and supplementary measures. First, users can employ encryption or additional authentication layers alongside password cards to bolster security. Secondly, instituting strict protocols for the storage and handling of these cards, such as keeping them in secure locations or using specialized protective cases, mitigates the risk of physical compromise.
  • User Education: While password cards provide secure storage, users need to understand how to use them effectively and securely. Lack of awareness or improper usage could lead to unintended vulnerabilities. Counterbalancing this restraint requires a concerted effort in user education and awareness campaigns. Providing comprehensive guidelines, tutorials, and intuitive user interfaces could significantly mitigate these risks. Companies and providers can offer robust user training programs, clear documentation, and accessible customer support to ensure that users understand the proper ways to use password cards.

Recent Developments

New product launches

  • In March 2022, Thales an information security and encryption company, specializes in various cybersecurity solutions, including encryption technologies and hardware security modules launched the CipherTrust Data Security Platform integrating HSMs and encryption key management. It enables multi-cloud data protection.
  • In January 2021, Entrust a leading provider of trusted identities, payments, and digital infrastructure solutions launched nShield HSMs with post-quantum cryptography support to secure against quantum computing threats.

 Acquisition and partnerships

  • In June 2023, Thales, renowned for its technology and security expertise, unveiled a fresh collaboration with Google Cloud is a comprehensive suite of cloud computing services offered by Google aimed at innovating data security capabilities. This partnership aims to harness the potential of generative AI, enhancing companies' capacity to identify, categorize, and safeguard their most sensitive data effectively. Through this collaboration, Thales is integrating generative AI into its CipherTrust data security platform, enriching user experiences with new AI-powered functionalities.
  • In April 2023, Imperva, Inc., a cybersecurity leader that protects critical applications, APIs(Application Programming Interface), and data, anywhere at scale, and Fortanix, Inc., a data security company powered by Confidential Computing, have signed a partnership agreement, and have each joined the other’s strategic partner program.

Figure 2. Global Cipher Machine and Password Card Market Share (%), by Component, 2023


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Top Companies in the Global Cipher Machine and Password Card Market

  • KABA Group
  • Yubico
  • SecuGen Corporation
  • Anviz Global
  • Nitgen Co., Ltd.
  • Integrated Biometrics
  • BIO-key International
  • Daon Inc.
  • Suprema Inc.
  • Integrated Biometrics
  • Dormakaba Holding
  • Allegion plc
  • HID Global Corporation
  • Gunnebo Security Group
  • IDenticard Systems
  • PrimeKey Solutions AB
  • Thales Group
  • Gemalto NV
  • NXP Semiconductors N.V.

Definition: The global cipher machine and password card market encompasses hardware-based security solutions that utilize encryption and cryptographic techniques to secure sensitive data and provide access control functionalities. Cipher machines encrypt plaintext data into ciphertext using algorithms like AES, RSA, and ECC that can only be decrypted via keys

Frequently Asked Questions

High costs, performance overheads, shortage of skilled personnel, and concerns over reduced traffic visibility due to encryption are hampering the market growth.

Rising cyberattacks and data breaches, stringent regulations, adoption of cloud services, and proliferation of connected devices like IoT are driving the market growth.

The leading component segment is the hardware segment, which includes hardware security modules (HSMs) and hardware-based cipher machines.

The major players operating in the market are KABA Group, Yubico, SecuGen Corporation, Anviz Global, Nitgen Co., Ltd., Integrated Biometrics, BIO-key International, Daon Inc., Suprema Inc., Integrated Biometrics, ASSA ABLOY, Dormakaba Holding, Allegion plc, HID Global Corporation, Gunnebo Security Group, IDenticard Systems, PrimeKey Solutions AB, Thales Group, Gemalto NV, and NXP Semiconductors N.V.V.

North America is expected to lead the market. 

9% will be the CAGR of the market during 2023-2030.

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