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  • Published In : Nov 2023
  • Code : CMI5894
  • Pages :150
  • Formats :
      Excel and PDF
  • Industry : Aerospace and Defense

The global cloud seeding market is estimated to have a valuation of US$ 131.4 million in 2023. Over the forecast period from 2023 to 2030, it is projected to experience substantial growth, with an estimated Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 5.8%. By 2030, the market is expected to reach a value of US$ 194.4 million.

Several factors contribute to the growth of the cloud seeding market. One significant driver is the increasing demand for water resources, particularly in regions facing water scarcity or drought conditions. Cloud seeding offers a potential solution to enhance rainfall and manage water supplies, making it an attractive option for governments and organizations seeking sustainable water management strategies.

Furthermore, there has been a rise in investments in weather modification programs, including cloud seeding initiatives. Governments and private entities are recognizing the importance of effective water resource management and are allocating resources towards research, development, and implementation of cloud seeding projects. These investments are expected to drive the growth of the cloud seeding market during the forecast period.

Cloud Seeding Market Regional Insights

  • The cloud seeding market has been analyzed across five major regions: North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Middle East and Africa. Among these regions, North America has emerged as the dominant player, boasting the largest market share. This can be attributed to the adoption of cutting-edge technologies, an increasing focus on weather modification, and surveillance applications. Furthermore, the presence of key industry players like Weather Modification, Inc., North American Weather Consultants, Inc., and others has significantly contributed to the market's growth in North America.
  • The Asia Pacific region is poised for substantial market growth in the foreseeable future. This growth is driven by the proliferation of crop seeding programs in countries such as China, India, and Thailand. Additionally, the rising demand for commercial applications is a key factor fueling market expansion in this region.
  • Europe is expected to experience moderate growth, primarily due to the presence of established industry players. Meanwhile, the Middle East is anticipated to witness significant market growth, owing to the increasing adoption of artificial rain technology to combat drought conditions in arid areas.

Figure 1. Global Cloud Seeding Market Share (%), by Region, 2023


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Analyst’s Viewpoints:

The cloud seeding market holds vast potential over the coming years. The increasing concerns about uneven rainfall distribution and water scarcity across many regions have boosted the demand for rain enhancement programs globally. The Middle East and South Asian countries are expected to be the dominating and fastest-growing regional markets due to the ongoing water crisis. Meanwhile, North America will continue its leadership as one of the top spenders on cloud seeding projects to enhance water supplies and utilize natural resources effectively.

However, the lack of standardization for measuring the impact of cloud seeding and uncertainty in the results obtained pose challenges to widespread adoption. High initial costs of aircraft and ground-based generators required for seeding clouds can discourage potential consumers. Changes in climatic conditions and monsoon patterns also bring unpredictability in the success rates of these programs. Such as the growing inclination towards sustainable water management solutions like recycling and reuse could divert focus away from rain enhancement programs.

On the regulatory front, complex permitting procedures for conducting test flights and the release of chemicals delay several projects. Nonetheless, ongoing R&D focusing on innovations to improve seeding material delivery and targeting of promising clouds is expected to lift success rates going ahead. Furthermore, rising emphasis on mitigating droughts, boosting agriculture output and overall socio-economic development through enhanced water security will unlock several opportunities in the cloud-seeding marketplace globally over the coming years.

Cloud Seeding Market - Impact of Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic:

The COVID-19 pandemic had a notable impact on the cloud seeding market, with operational challenges arising from restrictions and lockdowns, disrupting fieldwork and cloud seeding operations due to travel limitations and social distancing measures. Budget constraints resulting from the pandemic's economic downturn led to a reduction in funding for cloud seeding programs and research, affecting the market's growth. Supply chain disruptions affected the availability and cost of crucial materials and equipment, such as seeding agents and aircraft. Governments and organizations shifted their immediate priorities to address public health and economic concerns, potentially diverting attention and resources away from cloud seeding. Environmental monitoring and research activities may have been hindered, impacting the assessment of the environmental consequences of cloud seeding operations. The pandemic's impact likely varied regionally, depending on the severity of the pandemic and local economic conditions, with long-term effects potentially including changes in funding priorities, a focus on sustainability and cost-effectiveness, and increased emphasis on remote monitoring and automation in cloud seeding operations.

Cloud Seeding Market Report Coverage

Report Coverage Details
Base Year: 2022 Market Size in 2023: US$ 131.4 Mn
Historical Data for: 2017 to 2021 Forecast Period: 2023 - 2030
Forecast Period 2023 to 2030 CAGR: 5.8% 2030 Value Projection: US$ 194.9 Mn
Geographies covered:
  • North America: U.S. and Canada
  • Latin America: Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, and Rest of Latin America
  • Europe: Germany, U.K., Spain, France, Italy, Russia, and Rest of Europe
  • Asia Pacific: China, India, Japan, Australia, South Korea, ASEAN, and Rest of Asia Pacific
  • Middle East & Africa: GCC Countries, Israel, South Africa, North Africa, and Central Africa and Rest of Middle East
Segments covered:
  • By Target Area: Agricultural Areas, Water Supply Areas, Drought-Prone Regions, Hydroelectric Power Generation Areas, Urban Areas, Others
  • By Method of Cloud Seeding: Ground-based Cloud Seeding, Airborne Cloud Seeding, Remote Cloud Seeding (using drones or unmanned aircraft), Hygroscopic Cloud Seeding, Ice Nucleation Cloud Seeding, Silver Iodide Cloud Seeding, Others.
  • By Type of Clouds: Cumulus Clouds, Stratocumulus Clouds, Orographic Clouds, Cirrus Clouds, Convective Clouds, Others.
  • By Application: Precipitation Enhancement, Hail Suppression, Fog Dispersal, Snowpack Augmentation, Pollution Reduction, Others
Companies covered:

Weather Modification International, North American Weather Consultants, Seeding Operations and Atmospheric Research (SOAR), National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Aquiess, Ice Crystal Engineering, Meteo Systems, Atmospheric Systems Corporation, Snowy Hydro Limited, Sinopec Group, Oman Power and Water Procurement Company (OPWP), Desert Research Institute (DRI).

Growth Drivers:
  • Water Resource Management
  • Weather Modification Programs
  • Agricultural Productivity
  • Technological Advancements
Restraints & Challenges:
  • Scientific Uncertainty
  • Regulatory and Legal Challenges
  • Cost and Cost-effectiveness

Cloud Seeding Market Drivers:

  • Water Resource Management: The increasing demand for water resources is a significant driver for the cloud seeding market. In regions facing water scarcity or drought conditions, cloud seeding offers a potential solution to enhance precipitation and manage water supplies. Governments and organizations are investing in cloud seeding programs as a means to secure water resources and address water scarcity challenges.

According to UNESCO, In April, 2023, approximately 70% of the world's groundwater extraction, and an even higher percentage in dry and semi-arid areas, is dedicated to supporting agricultural activities such as the cultivation of food, fibers, livestock, and industrial crops. Additionally, around 38% of irrigated lands rely on this groundwater resource for their irrigation needs.

  • Agricultural Productivity: Cloud seeding can play a crucial role in enhancing agricultural productivity. Adequate rainfall is vital for crop growth and agricultural activities. By augmenting precipitation through cloud seeding, farmers and agricultural sectors can benefit from improved water availability, leading to increased crop yields and enhanced food security.

According to Gap initiative, In 2022, to sustainably produce food and agricultural products for more than 9 billion people in 2050, agricultural productivity must increase by an average of 1.73 percent per year. In the years 2011-2020, the agricultural productivity of the world grew by an average of only 1.12 percent per year.

Cloud Seeding Market Opportunities:

  • Expansion in Water-Stressed Regions: Water-stressed regions, particularly those facing frequent droughts or water scarcity, present significant opportunities for cloud seeding. As water resources become increasingly strained, governments and organizations are actively seeking innovative solutions to enhance precipitation and manage water supplies. Cloud seeding offers a promising opportunity to address these challenges and secure water resources in water-stressed regions.

According to CNBC, in 2022, Idaho Power Company is a regulated electrical power utility. allocates approximately US$ 4 million annually to its cloud-seeding initiative, which leads to an 11% to 12% boost in snowpack in specific regions, translating to billions of extra gallons of water at an approximate cost of US$ 3.50 per acre-foot. This is a more cost-effective approach compared to other methods of obtaining water, like utilizing a water supply bank, which typically costs around US$ 20 per acre-foot.

  • Growth of the aviation industry: The growth of the aviation industry has significantly propelled the cloud seeding market on an upward trajectory. As air travel rises globally with more planes operating regularly, concerns around air traffic management and airport delays have augmented substantially. Aviation authorities are under increasing pressure to ensure smooth and consistent operations.

According to IATA Report, In 2022, the number of flights is estimated to be 33.8 million, which is 86.9% of the level of 2019 (38.9 million flights).

Cloud Seeding Market Trends:

  • Increasing investment in cloud seeding R&D activities: Cloud seeding is a type of weather modification that aims to increase precipitation by dispersing substances into the air that serve as cloud condensation or ice nuclei. This process changes the microphysical processes within the cloud, stimulating rainfall. Several companies and governments worldwide are increasing their investment in cloud seeding R&D activities. For instance, the United Arab Emirates is one of the leading countries in terms of investment in cloud seeding research.

According to a report by the UN Environment Programme, In 2021, public climate finance commitments from developed countries towards developing nations totalled $83.3 billion in 2019 and 2020, up 4% from the previous two year period.

  • Integration of Remote Sensing and Weather Modeling: Remote sensing technologies and advanced weather modeling are being integrated into cloud seeding operations. This integration enables more accurate assessment of cloud systems, identification of optimal seeding opportunities, and better understanding of cloud dynamics. It enhances the success rates of cloud seeding programs and improves the overall effectiveness of weather modification efforts.

Cloud Seeding Market Restraints:

  • Scientific Uncertainty: Cloud seeding is a complex process influenced by various factors, including cloud dynamics, atmospheric conditions, and the effectiveness of seeding agents. The scientific understanding of cloud seeding and its outcomes is still evolving, and there is ongoing debate and uncertainty regarding its efficacy. This scientific uncertainty can hinder the widespread acceptance and adoption of cloud seeding practices.

Counterbalance: Scientific uncertainty refers to the lack of certainty in scientific knowledge, which can arise due to various factors such as limitations in data, variability in measurements, or the inherent unpredictability of certain phenomena. Repeating studies helps to ensure that the results are not due to chance. If a study's results are replicated in multiple independent studies, it increases confidence in the findings.

  • Cost and Cost-effectiveness: Cloud seeding programs can involve significant costs, including equipment, aircraft, seeding agents, and operational expenses. Implementing and maintaining cloud seeding infrastructure can be financially demanding, particularly for regions with limited resources. Evaluating the cost-effectiveness of cloud seeding initiatives in terms of their impact on precipitation and water availability is crucial for ensuring long-term sustainability.

Counterbalance: Cloud seeding operations require specific resources like aircraft, ground-based generators, and seeding agents. Efficient use and management of these resources can help control costs.

Recent Developments

New Launches

  • In April 2022, Saudi Arabia's Minister of Environment, Water, and Agriculture, Abdulrahman Al-Fadhli, inaugurated the initial phase of a cloud seeding program over Riyadh, Qassim, and Hail regions. With Saudi Arabia facing severe aridity and minimal annual rainfall, the initiative aims to enhance precipitation rates to combat water scarcity.
  • In October 2022, cloud seeding might see increased adoption in Colorado as the water crisis in the western United States continues to escalate. North American Weather Consultants is already conducting cloud seeding operations along the upper Gunnison River, and the upcoming initiative in Boulder County could be one of the pioneering efforts on the Front Range. A new operation is also in the works along the St. Vrain headwaters west of Longmont, with operations slated to commence this winter.
  • Ethiopia also announced its entry into the cloud seeding market in March 2021 when the government revealed that the rains that fell across the country this month were a result of the government's efforts to modernize its technology.
  • In December 2020, China unveiled ambitious plans to significantly expand its weather modification efforts, involving the creation of artificial rainfall and snowfall. Their aim is to encompass an extensive region spanning 5.5 million square kilometers by the year 2025.
  • During the first half of 2020, the National Center of Meteorology (NCM) in the UAE reported conducting 219 cloud seeding operations nationwide. These operations utilized a total of 4,841 flares, all produced by the NCM's Emirates Weather Enhancement Factory.

Figure 2. Global Cloud Seeding Market Share (%), by Target Area, 2023


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Top Companies in Cloud Seeding Market

  • Weather Modification International
  • North American Weather Consultants
  • Seeding Operations and Atmospheric Research (SOAR)
  • National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)
  • Aquiess
  • Ice Crystal Engineering
  • Meteo Systems
  • Atmospheric Systems Corporation
  • Snowy Hydro Limited
  • Sinopec Group
  • Oman Power and Water Procurement Company (OPWP)
  • Desert Research Institute (DRI)

Definition: Cloud seeding refers to a weather modification technique in which substances, such as silver iodide or other seeding agents, are dispersed into clouds to stimulate cloud formation and enhance precipitation. The goal of cloud seeding is to increase rainfall or snowfall in areas experiencing water scarcity, drought, or to mitigate the impacts of adverse weather conditions. It is a method used to influence weather patterns and manage water resources by artificially enhancing cloud processes and precipitation.

Frequently Asked Questions

The key factors hampering the growth of the cloud seeding market include scientific uncertainty, regulatory challenges, high costs, public perception, limited long-term studies, and ethical considerations.

The major factors driving the cloud seeding market growth include the increasing demand for water resources, rising investments in weather modification programs, technological advancements, agricultural productivity needs, environmental concerns, and government support.

The leading target area segment in the cloud seeding market is Agriculture areas.

Some major players operating in the cloud seeding market include Weather Modification International, North American Weather Consultants, Seeding Operations and Atmospheric Research (SOAR), National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Aquiess, Ice Crystal Engineering, Meteo Systems, Atmospheric Systems Corporation, Snowy Hydro Limited, Sinopec Group, Oman Power and Water Procurement Company (OPWP), Desert Research Institute (DRI)

The North American region is expected to lead the cloud seeding market, followed by Asia Pacific and Europe.

The specific Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of the cloud seeding market may vary. However, it is projected to grow at a CAGR of around 5.8% during the forecast period.

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