Market Insight- Global Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) Market
Distributed acoustic sensing is a technology that facilitates real-time monitoring of pipelines and wells, in order to provide vital information to customers in various challenging circumstances. The basic principle of working of DAS us Rayleigh scattering and is used to determine acoustic strain signals over long distances. This virtually and effectively turns optic fiber into a series of microphones. Thereafter, the data is acquired advanced processing techniques such as frequency filtering, time and depth domain stacking, are employed to obtain information for a wide variety of applications. Distributed acoustic sensing finds applications in monitoring of pipelines as well as railroads, highways, and borders.
The global distributed acoustic sensing (DAS) market was valued for US$ 624.3 Mn in 2019.
Market Dynamics- Drivers
- Growing demand for energy worldwide is expected to increase the adoption of DAS and drive growth of the global distributed acoustic sensing (DAS) market during the forecast period
According to the International Energy Agency Forecast, by 2030 end, global energy demand is expected to increase by 50%. This increasing energy demand is necessitating the need to access new hydrocarbon resources. Currently, production and transportation of energy is taking place in highly complicated conditions such as ultra-deepwater operation, soil instabilities, increasing tectonic activity, human intrusion risks, no adverse impact on fisheries and terrestrial fauna, need for real-time complex LNG assets control and high temperatures employed in steam enhanced heavy oil recovery methods. Furthermore, DAS has emerged as a cost-efficient and versatile technique to monitor the mechanical health of large structures and perform efficient damage assessment, which is obligatory, in order to optimize energy production and transfer. Hence, these factors are expected to boost the market growth over the forecast period.
- High capabilities of DAS sensors to withstand critical environmental conditions are expected to propel the global distributed acoustic sensing (DAS) market growth over the forecast period
Distributed acoustic sensors can detect changes at number of intervals over long distances, which is suitable for functions that include remote places and harsh environments. Such conditions are quite common in petroleum industry and oilfield applications. Furthermore, DAS sensors are increasingly being adopted in number of companies to determine the flow characteristics and associated physical properties inside pipe and near the wellbore. This high adoption is due to confluence of technological advancements in the upstream industry, which have enhanced durability and reliability of downhole fiber-optics systems. Furthermore, technological developments in material science industry such as advancements in glass chemistry yielding strong fiber cables and improvements in computer processing speed and better algorithms making data interpretation easier and faster, are expected to support the global distributed acoustic sensing (DAS) market growth in the near future.
Source: Coherent Market Insights
Middle East & Africa region dominated the global distributed acoustic sensing (DAS) market in 2019, accounting for 39.5% share in terms of value, followed by North America, Europe, Asia Pacific and Latin America, respectively
Market Dynamics- Restraints
- Constantly depreciating oil prices is expected to restrain growth of the global distributed acoustic sensing (DAS) market
The oil & gas industry has been using distributed optic fiber sensing for a long time for monitoring temperature and pressure. Growing demand for sensing in critical environments and consequent development of robust optic fiber technology has significantly benefited the oil & gas industry. Moreover, these sensing systems provide various benefits throughout the life of well, i.e. from exploration to drilling and completion, and production and reservoir management. However, the recent past has witness negative impact of adoption of distributed optical fiber sensing technology on oil prices. This decline in oil process is owing to rise in oil production and sluggish consumer demand combined with oversupply leading petroleum exporting countries. For instance, the U.S. has doubled its domestic oil production, Saudi Arabia oil companies are competing in Asian markets, oil exports from Canada and Iraq are also rising, and Russia is continuously pumping oil despite the economic crisis in the country.
- Low signal-to-noise ratio of DAS sensors is expected to hinder the global distributed sensing (DAS) market growth over the forecast period
The major challenge during the implementation of DAS sensors is the data acquired from DAS has more noise as compared to traditional sensing technologies such as geophones. This noise is generated by interrogator unit, while the time variant optical noise occurs equally on all receivers and the spike-like noise. This noise makes the calibration of devices difficult and detection of weak signals, especially in cases of microseismic applications, is a challenge. Furthermore, in order to ease the limitations associated with removing the time variant noise generated from temperature fluctuations in the well and optical noise, technologies such as median filter, band-pass filter, and stacking of multiple fiber measurements have been developed.
- Growing adoption in energy and power sector to present lucrative business opportunity
DAS technology can be used in power and energy sector to provide additional capabilities in terms of security and reliability. DAS is vital technology for power and energy sectors as they considered as assets of critical national security. Innovative features such as inherent reliability and passive nature of fiber optic based acoustic sensing is expected to offer a significant platform for this technology in various applications. These include effective intervention and intrusion monitoring. For instance, the latest and the most advanced DAS technologies can be implemented through existing fiber optics infrastructure, making it suitable for retrofit applications.
- Constant developments in offshore infrastructure are expected to pose lucrative business opportunity
Ongoing developments at offshore infrastructure are expected to boost the demand for of oil & gas industry along with growth of renewable energy regeneration in offshore locations. For instance, in June 2016, OptaSense along with its partner Optilan, obtained the combined leak detection and security contract from ABB for the delivery of the control infrastructure for the Trans-Anatolian Natural Gas Pipeline (TANAP) project. The 1,850km long TANAP natural gas pipeline runs from Azerbaijan through Georgia and Turkey to Europe. The project is expected to mark a significant turning point in the adoption of fiber sensing technologies globally, with delivery of security and leak detection from a single fiber system.
Source: Coherent Market Insights
Global Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) Market was valued at US$ 624.3 Mn in 2019 and is forecast to reach a value of US$ 3065.3 Mn by 2027 at a CAGR of 22.0% between 2019 and 2027
- Implementation of DAS in various industry verticals other than oil & gas industry
DAS has been used in oil & gas industry for a long time though owing to various developments and improvisations in DAS technology has enabled its implementation in other industry verticals as well. DAS systems can detect and identify changes and vibrations related to animal movements, structural changes, tires, and footsteps. For instance, in January 2016, Bandweaver, which is a manufacturer of advanced fiber optic monitoring sensors and integrated technologies, introduced Horizon DAS. This product is specialized for Third Party Intrusion (TPI) detection for a range of linear assets ranging from power cables to pipelines.
- Focus on tackling challenges related to volume of data
Growing efforts to effectively address data management challenges related to DAS is one of the major trend in the market. DAS solutions generate a large amount of data in a short period of time, which in turn, creates challenges for the companies to store. For instance, during a typical hydraulic fracturing monitoring operation, a DAS system can generate data up to 5 TB per day, or 1 TB an hour with ultrasensitive systems.
In Global Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) Market, by Application segment, the Oilfield Services sub-segment dominated the global market in 2019, accounting for 60.6% share in terms of value, followed by Pipeline Management, Security & Surveillance, and Transport Services, respectively.
Source: Coherent Market Insights
Value Chain Analysis
Key players operating in the global distributed acoustic sensing (DAS) market are Halliburton Co., Hifi Engineering Inc., Silixa Ltd., Schlumberger Limited, Banweaver, Omnisens SA, Future Fibre Technologies Ltd., Baker Hughes, Inc., Qintiq Group PLC, and Fotech Solutions Ltd.
- Key companies in the market are focused on signing agreements, in order to enhance their market presence. For instance, in January 2017, Halliburton Co. entered into a technology cooperation agreement with Petrobras, which is a multinational corporation in the petroleum industry based in Brazil. This multi-year agreement aims to develop innovative solutions in geophysics, drilling and completions, reservoir characterization, well testing, flow assurance, and production.
- Major market players are involved in product launch, in order to expand their product portfolios. For instance, in March 2017, Schlumberger launched Lift IQ production life cycle management service, which offers monitoring, diagnostics, and optimization of artificial lift systems in real-time. This new service securely collects, transmits, evaluates, and interprets data from customer wells to improve production efficiency, extend equipment run life, and reduce operating costs. With this development, the company aims to use real-time data to improve equipment life and uptime, as well as to adjust drawdown for maximum field recovery for productive life of the well.