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Submarine networks erase geographic boundaries and distance by allowing humans, and machines, to communicate with each other. The increasing demand for power generated from offshore plants using renewable energy sources and the rising need to interconnecting lands have led to the growth of the global submarine cables market. Submarine cables are generally owned by telecom carriers who would form a consortium of all parties interested in using the cable. For example, NTT Group is working with a consortium of companies, including Amazon, Facebook, Japan's SoftBank Corp. and the Philippines' PLDT to lay submarine cable called Jupiter in Asia, which is expected to go into service next year. Other recent project in the region is Indigo, which was completed in 2020 and paid for by companies such as Google, Telstra of Australia and Singapore Telecommunications. The Southeast-Japan 2 cable is scheduled for completion in 2021 by a consortium comprising KDDI, China Mobile International, and Facebook.

The Submarine Cables Market is estimated to account for US$ 7,321.2  Mn in terms of value by the end of 2030.

Recent Developments:

In July 2020, Hellenic Cables, a provider of submarine cable solutions, was received a contract by Seaway 7, the renewables business unit of Subsea 7, to supply 66kV inter-array cables & accessories for the Seagreen offshore wind farm.

In June 2020, Corning Incorporated announced that Innolux Corporation is using its large platform cutting tool and complete automation system for its high-end auto display panel manufacturing.

Market Driver:                                                      

Advancement in Technologies is expected to drive growth of submarine cables market during the forecast period

The global submarine cables market growth continues to be driven by upgrades in technology and capacity, especially in the transatlantic route. Today’s submarine cables industry is well-informed and innovative, implementing versatile and practical solutions in markets that are increasingly demanding with regards to cost-efficiency, connectivity, and reliability. Ongoing advancements in technologies, with capacity and affordability as the major aspects, are anticipated to play crucial roles in the future growth of the market. The submarine cables industry is now in the process of putting 100G wavelengths into operation across almost the entire transoceanic route, ensuring that the future would be one of the connectivity-based developments.

Moreover, the emergence of new applications such as machine learning, the Internet of Things, self-driving cars, and 5G are further enhancing the need for greater bandwidth, which can be enabled by submarine optical fiber cables. Thus, such advancements are anticipated to drive submarine optical fiber cables market development in the future.

Increasing demand for internet & growing smartphone penetration is expected to propel the submarine cables market growth over the forecast period

With the increasing usage of internet, there is a rapid rise in the demand for fast bandwidth speeds, which is surging demand for submarine optical fiber cables. Moreover, smartphone penetration is rising, owing to the increasing number of internet users. According to International Telecommunication Union, a specialized agency of the United Nations, the number of internet users worldwide reached around 4.9 Million in 2021, up from 4.6 Million in 2020. Such rising internet penetration is further expected to drive demand for submarine optical fiber cable over the forecasted period. Additionally, the adoption of optoelectronic devices system allows acoustic frequency strain signals to be detected over large distances and in harsh environments. Thus, monitoring of submarine optical fiber cable system is easy and reliable. Hence, these factors are expected to propel the Submarine Cables Market growth over the forecast period.

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Submarine Cables Market Report Coverage

Report Coverage Details
Base Year: 2021 Market Size in 2021: US$ 2,435.3 Mn
Historical Data for: 2017 to 2020 Forecast Period: 2022 to 2030
Forecast Period 2022 to 2030 CAGR: 6.3% 2030 Value Projection: US$ 7,321.2 Mn
Geographies covered:
  • By Region: North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Middle East and Africa
Segments covered:
  • By Service: Installation, Maintenance and Upgrade 
  • By Application: Submarine Power Cables, Submarine Communication Cables
Companies covered:

Alcatel Submarine Networks, SubCom, LLC, ABB, Huawei Marine Networks Co., Ltd., NEC Corporation, NEXANS NORWAY AS, FUJITSU, Prysmian Group, Saudi Ericsson, HENGTONG GROUP CO., LTD., ZTT, Corning Incorporated, NKT A/S, Hellenic Cables Group. The Okonite Company, Apar Industries Ltd., JDR Cable Systems Ltd., AFL, Hexatronic Cables & Interconnect Systems, and LEONI Special Cables GmbH.

Growth Drivers:
  • Advancement in Technologies is expected to drive growth of submarine cables market during the forecast period
  • Increasing demand for bandwidth is expected to drive growth of submarine cables market during the forecast period
  • Increasing demand for internet & growing smartphone penetration is expected to propel the submarine cables market growth over the forecast period
Restraints & Challenges:
  • Disruptions in Service Due to Lack of Redundancy are expected to restrain growth of the Submarine Cables Market during the forecast period

Restraint:

Disruptions in Service Due to Lack of Redundancy

Due to a lack of redundancy, the submarine optical fiber cables market faces one of its largest issues as many regions in the world are susceptible to service disruptions. In order to prevent loss of functionality in the event that a link or station's signal is lost, network architectures use redundant bidirectional linkages between stations, similar to roads and water distribution systems. When the shortest link is disrupted, self-healing rings will loop traffic through functional parts of the ring. Although problems in  submarine optical fiber cables occur less frequently than in terrestrial networks but take considerably longer to locate and fix, the cable industry is accustomed to doing so, which is impeding the market expansion.

Global Submarine Cables Market - Impact of Coronavirus (Covid-19) Pandemic:

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the global submarine cable market. Several countries have been affected by COVID-19 and governments have announced nationwide lockdowns. Shutdown of cable manufacturing factories due to social distancing are not likely to have immediate negative repercussions on global connectivity, but can push back the deployment of new systems. It is very challenging to get staffs on and off ships that are conducting surveys and studies for upcoming cables or laying new ones. One of the factors hampering global connectivity is the delay in carrying out cable repairs amid the pandemic.

Market Trends

Government Initiatives

 Governments are taking various initiatives to speed up the growth of the submarine optical fiber cables network. For instance, to assist the creation of cutting-edge optical network technology throughout the course of FY 2018–2021, the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications of Japan established Technical Research and Development Theme II, "Multicore high-capacity optical transmission system technology. The government is making a variety of investments in the industry to expand optical fiber.

For instance, the Department of Telecom and the Ministry of Communications approved a development package in May 2022 that calls for the construction of 18 new 4G mobile tower sites, the conversion of 19 existing 2G tower sites to 4G service, and the laying of 225 km of optical fiber to provide FTTH (Fiber to the Multi-Mode) connections in Lakshadweep islands.

Additionally, the Kochi-Lakshadweep submarine optical fiber link project, which is part of the US$ 7.38 Mn (INR 61 crore) project approved by the Central Government, is scheduled to be finished by October 2023. Lakshadweep's bandwidth will rise from its current level of 1.71 Gbps to 100 Gbps as a result of this development.

Figure 1. Submarine Cables Market, Revenue Share (%), By Country, 2021

Submarine Cables  | Coherent Market Insights

 Market Opportunity:

Various Developments by Private and Public Companies; There are several companies involved in various developments in the submarine cables market. In October 2021, NEC Corporation developed a four-core-fiber-optic submarine cable by its subsidiary OCC Corporation in collaboration with Sumitomo Electric, a manufacturer of electric wire and optical fiber cables. Moreover, in August 2022, NEC Corporation, a multinational IT and electronics corporation announced that Seren Juno Network had selected NEC corporation to build a trans-Pacific subsea fiber-optic cable, "JUNO Cable System," connecting California in the U.S. with Chiba prefecture and Mie prefecture in Japan. The cable will span over a distance of 10,000 km and is expected to be completed by the end of 2024.

Upcoming Projects in Europe; Fast-evolving high voltage direct current (HVDC) power transmission technology enables the delivery of electrical energy from large-scale offshore power production facilities to the mainland. Several initiative projects such as North Seas Countries Offshore Grid Initiative, Friends of the supergrid, DESERTEC, and the council of large electric systems (CIGRE), support HVDC deployment in Europe, which accounts approximately 70% of the HVDC submarine cables. Such initiatives in Europe are expected to create lucrative opportunities for the submarine cables market growth during the forecast period.

Figure 2: Submarine Cables Market (US$ Mn) Analysis and Forecast, 2022 - 2030

Submarine Cables  | Coherent Market Insights

Submarine Cables Market was valued at US$ 2,435.3 Mn in 2021 and is expected to reach US$ 7,321.2 Mn by 2030, growing at a CAGR of 6.3% between 2022 and 2030.         

Major players operating in the global submarine cables market are Alcatel Submarine Networks, SubCom, LLC, ABB, Huawei Marine Networks Co., Ltd., NEC Corporation, NEXANS NORWAY AS, FUJITSU, Prysmian Group, Saudi Ericsson, HENGTONG GROUP CO., LTD., ZTT, Corning Incorporated, NKT A/S, Hellenic Cables Group. The Okonite Company, Apar Industries Ltd., JDR Cable Systems Ltd., AFL, Hexatronic Cables & Interconnect Systems, and LEONI Special Cables GmbH.

The submarine communication cables carry around 90% of the data traffic across the world. In addition, their total carrying capacity is in terabits per second. As a result, they are the most valued cables for OTT and communication providers such as Google, Amazon, Facebook, and Microsoft. For instance, in October 2021 NEC, the Japanese IT company announced plans to build a huge submarine cable with four crore fiber optics for Facebook. The submarine is expected to hold a capacity of up to 500mbps across 24 fiber pairs. Most economies consider submarine cables a vital component of the economy and have set regulations to protect them from threats. For instance, the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) has created safety zones that prohibit activities that can damage these cables linked through Australia & the Rest of the World. In addition, it legalizes the installation of new submarine cables projects.

In 2021, Submarine Cables Market is estimated to reach US$ 7,321.2 million in terms of value.

Market Dynamics

Over 97% of the global internet traffic is dependent on submarine cables, and almost everyone relies on the Internet for day-to-day activities. The world is connected through the Internet; thus, global traffic is increasing every other day. About half of the global internet traffic comes from Asia Pacific, which, in turn, is driving the demand for submarine communication cables. The need for faster internet services in the Transpacific region is attributed to the limited submarine communication cable systems in the countries in this region, which has led the World Bank and the Asia Development Bank to fund new cable systems in the region.

Key features of the study:

  • This report provides an in-depth analysis of the Submarine Cables Market and provides market size (US$ million) and compound annual growth rate (CAGR %) for the forecast period (2022-2030), considering 2021 as the base year.
  • It elucidates potential revenue opportunities across different segments and explains attractive investment proposition matrix for this market
  • This study also provides key insights about market drivers, restraints, opportunities, new product launches or approval, regional outlook, and competitive strategy adopted by leading players
  • It profiles leading players in the south east asia freezer & beverage cooler market based on the following parameters – regulatory landscape, company overview, financial performance, product portfolio, geographical presence, distribution strategies, key developments and strategies, and future plans
  • Major players operating in the global submarine cables market are Alcatel Submarine Networks, SubCom, LLC, ABB, Huawei Marine Networks Co., Ltd., NEC Corporation, NEXANS NORWAY AS, FUJITSU, Prysmian Group, Saudi Ericsson, HENGTONG GROUP CO., LTD., ZTT, Corning Incorporated, NKT A/S, Hellenic Cables Group. The Okonite Company, Apar Industries Ltd., JDR Cable Systems Ltd., AFL, Hexatronic Cables & Interconnect Systems, and LEONI Special Cables GmbH.
  • The market players are focusing on strategic collaborations to innovate and launch new products to meet the increasing needs and requirements of consumers.
  • Insights from this report would allow marketers and management authorities of companies to make informed decision regarding future product launches, technology upgradation, market expansion, and marketing tactics
  • The south east asia freezer & beverage cooler market report caters to various stakeholders in this industry including investors, suppliers, distributors, new entrants, and financial analysts
  • Stakeholders would have ease in decision-making through the various strategy matrices used in analyzing the Submarine Cables Market.

Detailed Segmentation

  • Submarine Cables Market, By Type:
    • Installation
    • Maintenance and Upgrade
  •  Submarine Cables Market, By Application:
    • Submarine Power Cables
    • Submarine Communication Cables
  • Submarine Cables Market, By Region:
    • North America
    •  Europe
    •  Asia Pacific
    • Latin America
    • Middle East and Africa
  • Submarine Cables Market , By Country:
    • North America
    • Europe
    • Asia Pacific
    • Latin America
    • Middle East & Africa
  • Company Profiles
    • Alcatel Submarine Networks *
      • Company Overview
      • Product Portfolio
      • Financial Performance
      • Key Strategies
      • Recent Developments
      • Future Plans
    • SubCom, LLC
    • ABB
    • Huawei Marine Networks Co., Ltd
    • NEC Corporation
    • NEXANS NORWAY AS
    • FUJITSU
    • Prysmian Group
    • Saudi Ericsson
    • HENGTONG GROUP CO., LTD.
    • ZTT
    • Corning Incorporated,
    • NKT A/S
    • Hellenic Cables Group
    • The Okonite Company
    • Apar Industries Ltd.
    • JDR Cable Systems Ltd.
    • AFL
    • Hexatronic Cables & Interconnect Systems
    • LEONI Special Cables GmbH.

 “*” marked represents similar segmentation in other categories in the respective section.

Frequently Asked Questions

The Market is expected to reach US$ 7,321.2 Million by 2030.
The Market is expected to witness a CAGR of 6.3% during the forecast period (2022-2030).
Major factor driving the growth of Market during the forecast period is increase in advancement in technologies such as fiber optics.
Submarine Communication segment held the major market share in 2021 owing to increased usage of advanced sensors for measuring temperature, pressure and others.
Major players operating in the market are Alcatel Submarine Networks, SubCom, LLC, ABB, Huawei Marine Networks Co., Ltd., NEC Corporation, NEXANS NORWAY AS, FUJITSU, Prysmian Group, Saudi Ericsson, HENGTONG GROUP CO., LTD., ZTT, Corning Incorporated, NKT A/S, Hellenic Cables Group. The Okonite Company, Apar Industries Ltd., JDR Cable Systems Ltd., AFL, Hexatronic Cables & Interconnect Systems, and LEONI Special Cables GmbH.

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