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A New Bacterial Genus Can Cause Type 2 Diabetes

Jun, 2021

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Human body act as the centre of a number of different microorganisms, to the contrary there are few microorganism that appears to be really beneficial, thus termed as a symbiotic microorganisms.

Just like the type 1 form type 2 diabetes also exists and the fun factors is almost 90% of the population is totally unaware of the fact that they are carrying the symptoms of the Type 2 Diabetes. The disease sets in when the blood glucose level increases, which results in the resistance against insulin. Patients experiences a blockage in the absorbance of glucose from all the substrate taken as a nutrient, for the production of energy. As a matter of fact sugar, stays in the fluid system, thereby causing a lot of other complications.

Recently FNFRS researcher at University of Louvain (UCLouvain), found a particular bacterium called as Subdoligranulum,  a common resident in healthy, diabetes devoid human body, is absent in the patients suffering from Diabetes Type 2. Taking a closer look in the family of bacteria present in the human body, they found that almost 70% of the microorganisms in the human intestine and other segments of the body, is still in dark.

For a continuity of 2 years almost 600 bacteria were isolated from intestine and cultivated in-vitro to under their structural and functional role in the intestine. A peculiar odor forming bacteria is found that research, and they named as Dysosmobacter welbionis. “Dysosmo” (“which smells bad”), in Greek. The bacteria metabolize to produce “butyrate” and common biomolecule produced by many bacteria that has suppressive action against the effect of colon cancer.

Apart from its effect in Colon cancer, the bacteria is astonishingly not found in the patient with type 2 diabetes. To find the relation of this bacteria with type 2 diabetes, they found that the bacteria increase the fold of mitochondrial action, thereby increasing the utilization capability of the sugar along with very strong anti-inflammatory effect. The actions are directly pointing towards a possible promising solution towards type 2 diabetes. Although more characterization of the bacteria is needed to procure information which might be useful.

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