According to the study's findings, type 2 diabetes' early phases, where insulin production is hindered, can lead to obesity.
Lifestyle factors that affect the risk of metabolic disorders like diabetes include poor eating, insufficient exercise, and having several kilograms on the weight. However, the association also functions in the other direction, according to a study conducted by Professor Daniel Zeman-Meier of the University Hospital of Basel. Obesity arise from poor insulin production, which is a complication of type 2 diabetes. According to the researchers obesity is brought on by errors in the body's insulin production. The journal Nature Communications contains the researchers' findings.
The study group concentrated on protease PC1/3, a crucial enzyme in the body that converts a number of inactive hormone intermediates into the full, active forms. It's possible for a to cause severe endocrine issues by a person's lack of adequate enzyme action. Extreme results are among them are obesity and a severe and excessive hunger. They investigated the possibility that improperly activated other hormones potentially exacerbate obesity. Along with many other things, PC1/3 activates insulin. The control of insulin has a significant role in the metabolism of fat and blood sugar. In healthy people, PC1/3 is crucial for controlling weight.
Up till now, this imbalance was believed to be brought on by a lack of satiety hormone activation. When the research team applied the investigation on mice, the body weight of the mice did not dramatically change when PC1/3 was switched off in their brains.
New therapy options are now available as a result of the discovery that a malfunction in the insulin-producing beta cells causes obesity. For instance, it's possible that drugs could be used to decrease the synthesis of immature insulin precursors, resulting in the development of a new weapon in the battle over obesity and diabetes.