Ferromanganese is a ferroalloy with a higher manganese concentration. Inside a blast furnace or a submerged arc furnace, a mixture of the oxides MnO2 and Fe2O3, as well as carbon (usually coal and coke), is heated. The oxides undergoes carbothermal reduction inside the furnaces, resulting in ferromanganese. As a deoxidizer, steel is treated with ferromanganese. South Africa, Mexico, France, and Australia, all have significant ferromanganese deposits. Steel demand is expected to be the primary driver of the global ferro manganese market. Ferromanganese is a crucial component in the production of steel and iron industry. Apart from steel, the ferromanganese market is expected to develop due to rising demand for aluminum alloys.
Increasing stainless steel demand in the construction industry is expected to drive the global ferro manganese market. Stainless steel, which has high corrosion resistance, hardness, and tensile properties, is in higher demand due to growing building activity across the world. The building industry consumed around 52% of steel in 2020, according to a World Steel Association research. These are utilized in architectural cladding, handrails, drainage, and water systems, and fastening, to highlight a few. Furthermore, these are utilized while constructing the beams, pillars, canopies, atriums, pools sheds, and other structures to provide an aesthetic appeal, which is a key requirement of modern construction and consequently propels the global ferro manganese market forward.
There is a growing focus on infrastructure development due to the government-led fast building programs, which might drive demand for ferro manganese in forecast period. The majority of the steel industry, as well as related metallurgy and mining industries, are investing in construction projects, which will help the iron and steel industry expand. For instance, in March 2021, Arcelor Mittal Steel announced an (INR 50,000 crore) US$ 10 million deal with the Odisha government to build a steel plant in the state with a capacity of 12 million tons. The global ferro manganese market would benefit from an increase in the steel industry.
There are a few mild health hazards of mangenese exposure on workers in a manufacturing plant, which can limit the ferromanganese market. Neurotoxic effects on manufacturing workers may have an impact on the global ferro manganese market's growth. Manganese is considered an important nutrient, but excessive amounts can induce neurotoxicity or neurological damage in both adults and children. Manganese exposure has been linked to low birthweight, Intelligence Quotient (IQ) deficiencies, and sensory impairment in children. Initial neurotoxic effects in workers exposed to manganese in a Ferro Manganese and Silicomanganese production facility could pose a threat to the global ferro manganese market's overall growth.
For instance, in 2020, Asia Pacific led the ferromanganese market share, and this dominance is expected to continue over the forecast period. The presence of major manganese alloy manufacturing countries such as China, Japan, and India is associated with the region's rapid growth since manganese is in high demand as an alloying element in the steel industry. These alloying elements, such as steel, are widely used as a construction material in the region's rapidly increasing infrastructure.
Steel usage in the vehicle industry is predicted to fuel market expansion in the Europe. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, steel manufacturing in the Europe region was hampered, and imports from China were prohibited. The steel is suited for forging and pressing procedures, both of which are widely utilized in the automotive industry in European countries, such as Germany, Russia, Turkey, etc. The global ferro manganese market is anticipated to rise significantly as the demand for steel in the automobile sector increases as a result of the growing need for electric vehicles in the Europe.
Major players operating in the global ferro manganese market include Monnet Group, Maithan Alloys Limited, Tata Steel, Gulf Manganese Corporation Limited, Ferroglobe, OM Holdings Ltd., Nippon Denko, Sinai Manganese, ERAMET, and Gulf Ferro Alloys.
Players in the market are focused on a variety of growth strategies, including mergers, acquisitions, investments, and others. For instance, in May 2021, Impex Metals & Ferro Alloys was acquired by Maithan Alloys for (INR 74.22 crore) US$ 10.51 million. This acquisition will enhance Maithan Alloys' ferro and silicomanganese manufacturing capacity by 70,355 tons per annum.
On the basis of Grade, Global Ferro Manganese Market is segmented into:
- High Carbon Ferromanganese
- Medium Carbon Ferromanganese
- Low Carbon Ferromanganese
On the basis of Application, Global Ferro Manganese Market is segmented into:
- Carbon Steel
- Stainless Steel
- Alloy Steel
- Cast Iron
On the basis of Production Method, Global Ferro Manganese Market is segmented into:
- Chemical Industry
- Steel Industry
On the basis of region, The Global Ferro Manganese Market is segmented into:
- Asia Pacific
- South Korea
- Rest of Asia Pacific
- North America
- Rest of Europe
- South America
- Rest of South America
- Middle East
- Rest of Middle East
- North Africa
- Central Africa
- South Africa