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  • Published On : Feb 2024
  • Code : CMI6610
  • Pages :135
  • Formats :
      Excel and PDF
  • Industry : Bulk Chemicals

The glutaraldehyde Market size was valued at US$ 698.4 Million in 2023 and is expected to reach US$ 786.2 Million by 2031, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.7%  from 2024 to 2031. Glutaraldehyde is an organic compound that is commonly used as a sterilizing and disinfecting agent. It exists as a clear liquid with a pungent odor at room temperature.

Glutaraldehyde Market Regional Analysis:

  • Europe dominated the glutaraldehyde marketing 2022. The flourishing healthcare industry in the U.K., France, Germany, and Spain is anticipated to drive the demand for glutaraldehyde in Europe in the coming years. As per the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations, the region accounted for a share of 23.4% of global pharmaceutical sales in the 2023, underscoring the significance of the pharmaceutical and healthcare industries in the region. Thus, the developing healthcare sector in the region is further expected to drive the demand for the products in the upcoming years.
  • However, countries, such as Spain, Bulgaria, and Romania, have also witnessed rapid growth in their agriculture industry, thereby leading to increased investments in this industry. It has resulted in the large-scale adoption of improved water preservation techniques. This trend of surging agricultural production amid limited farming land in the region further fuels the demand for agrochemicals, including pesticides, across Europe. Consequently, progressive developments in the agrochemicals industries in the region are expected to fuel the demand for glutaraldehyde in Europe throughout the forecast period.
  • North America has intimidated the global glutaraldehyde market for many years owing to well-established healthcare and pharmaceutical industries in the region. The U.S. accounts for the major share in the North American. Stringent regulations regarding sterilization and disinfection in healthcare and food processing sectors drive the demand for glutaraldehyde. Major players have established their production facilities in the region to cater to the vast local demand.
  • Asia Pacific has been the fastest growing regional market for glutaraldehyde. China plays a pivotal role in the growth of the APAC. Rapid industrialization and infrastructural growth have augmented the demand from various end-use industries like healthcare, food processing, and pulp & paper over the past few decades. China has emerged as a global manufacturing hub for medical devices and equipment. This has positively impacted the use of glutaraldehyde as a sterilant and disinfectant. Various policy initiatives by governments in the region to improve public health and hygiene standards are supporting the market expansion. Southeast Asian countries like India, Indonesia, and Vietnam are also contributing considerably to the market owing to a large consumer base and growing foreign investments in manufacturing sectors.
  • When it comes to imports and exports, North America and Europe are major importers of glutaraldehyde, whereas China and India dominate exports. This is due to well-established production facilities and competitive manufacturing costs in Asian countries. However, developing nations in the Middle East & Africa region are emerging as attractive import markets. This gives opportunities for exporters to tap new customers.  

Figure 1. Glutaraldehyde Market Share (%), by Region, 2024


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Analyst’s Viewpoint:

The glutaraldehyde market is expected to experience steady growth over the forecast period. The chemical is widely used as a sterilizing and disinfecting agent in hospitals and medical facilities. Rising hygiene standards and growth in the healthcare sector are likely to drive demand. However, stringent regulations around the use of glutaraldehyde may restrain market expansion to some extent.

North America currently dominates glutaraldehyde usage attributable to a well-established healthcare infrastructure and growth in population. However, Asia Pacific is anticipated to emerge as the fastest growing regional market. Rapid economic development and rise in disposable incomes are enabling greater investments toward modernizing and expanding healthcare facilities across developing Asian countries. This will spur demand for sterilization and disinfection agents like glutaraldehyde.

New product launches catering to non-traditional applications can offer opportunities for market players. Some manufacturers are exploring formulations compatible with cold sterilization procedures. Formulating glutaraldehyde-based solutions for disinfecting surfaces in non-medical sectors like food processing plants also has potential. On the supply side, China and India have significant production capacities and competitive pricing. This makes these developing Asian countries dominant glutaraldehyde suppliers globally.

Glutaraldehyde Market Drivers:

Rising demand for disinfection and sterilization in the healthcare industry: Glutaraldehyde finds major usage in the healthcare industry for disinfection and sterilization purposes. It is widely used for disinfecting medical and dental equipment as it is non-toxic and provides broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity. With growing healthcare expenditures and rising focus on infection control across healthcare facilities, the demand for disinfectants and sterilizing agents has increased tremendously.

Hospitals generate approximately 2.5 million tons of waste annually in developing nations, majority of which needs to be properly treated and disposed to prevent spread of infections. This has propelled the need for effective chemical sterilants like glutaraldehyde in hospitals. Furthermore, rising geriatric population who are more susceptible to various diseases and infections has augmented the patient numbers in hospitals. This has increased the pressure on healthcare systems to minimize risk of hospital acquired infections through improved sterilization and disinfection protocols.

Rising number of surgical procedures being performed worldwide is another key factor driving the need for sterilization of medical instruments. While devices and equipment used during surgeries need to be properly sterilized to eliminate any possibility of infection transmission to patients post-operation. Growing healthcare awareness and access has boosted surgical volumes, thereby accentuating the demand for agent like glutaraldehyde from hospital sterilization centers and Operation Theaters (OTs).

Rising prevalence of chronic diseases like cardiovascular diseases and diabetes necessitating recurring surgical or diagnostic interventions will further drive the glutaraldehyde consumption in healthcare facilities. Strict regulations regarding sterilization and disinfection of hospitals and clinical premises in developed markets also augur well for the studied market.

Increasing usage in food processing & water treatment applications: Apart from healthcare, glutaraldehyde also witnesses sizeable usage in other sectors like food processing and water treatment industries. In the food industry, it is used for sanitizing process equipment, food contact surfaces, and for disinfecting areas such as ware washing. Growing consumption of processed and packaged food has strengthened prevention of microbial contaminations in food factories, thereby propelling the product demand.

Rising focus on quality and safety of food products has encouraged food companies to ensure utmost hygienic conditions in their facilities through periodical disinfection & cleaning protocols using sanitizers. This is another factor pushing the usage of glutaraldehyde in commercial food production sites. Furthermore, outbreak of foodborne illness in past has intensified regulations regarding sanitation of food processing plants, thus augmenting the product adoption.

Glutaraldehyde also finds usage in municipal and industrial water treatment as a biocide to control microorganisms. With growing global population and rising fresh water scarcity worldwide, many nations are investing heavily in water treatment infrastructure to provide potable water. This will subsequently increase the consumption of biocides like glutaraldehyde in water treatment activities. Rapid industrialization and urbanization has further amplified the need for advanced water treatment solutions, thereby driving the demand from this application segment.

Glutaraldehyde Market Opportunities:

Scope in developing countries: The glutaraldehyde market has huge scope and potential for growth in developing economies across Asia and Africa. Glutaraldehyde is mostly used as a sterilizing and disinfecting agent in medical facilities like hospitals, clinics, dialysis centers etc. Developing nations are experiencing rapid urbanization and a fast growing middle class who now have greater access to healthcare services. According to data from the United Nations, over half the global population now lives in urban areas, with Africa and Asia Pacif accounting for the highest rates of urban population growth between 2018 and 2050. As more people shift to cities in these regions, the need for advanced healthcare infrastructure will rise significantly. This increasing demand from the expanding urban healthcare sector in developing markets can boost glutaraldehyde consumption.

Furthermore, greater economic development and incomes are allowing governments in countries like India, Nigeria and Indonesia to invest more heavily in public health programs. The glutaraldehyde market stands to benefit immensely from such nationwide healthcare development initiatives focused on setting up more hospitals, labs, and diagnostic centers, etc. where glutaraldehyde is a key sterilizing agent. Its antibacterial properties and wide usage makes it an essential product that will see rising volumes used across newly built and upgraded healthcare premises.

In conclusion, factors like surging urban populations, growing access to healthcare, greater government investments in public health indicate strong future potential for the glutaraldehyde market in developing nations through this decade according to data and reports from agencies such as the United Nations, World Bank.

Growing research on less toxic alternatives: The glutaraldehyde market has traditionally relied heavily on the use of glutaraldehyde as a high-level disinfectant and sterilant. However, glutaraldehyde is known to be toxic, carcinogenic, and irritating to tissue and mucous membranes at high concentrations. In recent years, extensive research has been conducted into developing less toxic alternatives that can achieve the same sterilization outcomes without the health and safety risks of glutaraldehyde. A number of new formulation approaches and alternative chemistries are currently in various stages of research and development. If viable alternatives can be commercialized, it could open up significant growth opportunities for companies engaged in this market transition.

Adoption rates for new entrance chemical formulations or technologies will depend on demonstration of their efficacy, lack of toxicity, and cost profile relative to incumbent glutaraldehyde-based offerings. Continued research focus from public health bodies like NIOSH and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), as well as private sector participants, could accelerate commercial availability of substitutes to expand the addressable market beyond just glutaraldehyde use cases. This transition could unlock new high-growth areas for players developing such alternatives.

Glutaraldehyde Market Report Coverage

Report Coverage Details
Base Year: 2023 Market Size in 2023: US$ 698.4 Mn
Historical Data for: 2019 to 2023 Forecast Period: 2024 - 2031
Forecast Period 2024 to 2031 CAGR: 4.7 % 2031 Value Projection: US$ 786.2 Mn
Geographies covered:
  • North America: U.S. and Canada
  • Latin America: Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, and Rest of Latin America
  • Europe: Germany, U.K., Spain, France, Italy, Russia, and Rest of Europe
  • Asia Pacific: China, India, Japan, Australia, South Korea, ASEAN, and Rest of Asia Pacific
  • Middle East: GCC Countries, Israel, and Rest of Middle East
  • Africa: South Africa, North Africa, and Central Africa
Segments covered:
  • By Product: Glutaraldehyde 25%, Glutaraldehyde 50%, Other Products 
  • By Application: Health Care, Cleaning Agent, Water Treatment, Cosmetics, Others
Companies covered:

Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc. (UPICHEM),Grassland Agro, Advanced Sterilization Products (Cilag GmbH International), Whiteley Corporation, Sisco Research Laboratories Pvt. Ltd., Lenntech B.V., The Dow Chemical Company, Hubei Jinghong Chemical Co., Ltd., and Evans Vanodine International PLC 

Growth Drivers:
  • Rising demand for disinfection and sterilization in the healthcare industry
  • Increasing usage in food processing & water treatment applications
Restraints & Challenges:
  • Stringent regulations regarding glutaraldehyde usage 
  • Threat of substitute disinfectants hampers market growth

Glutaraldehyde Market Trends:

Rising demand for single-use medical devices: The rising demand for single-use medical devices is having a major influence on the glutaraldehyde market. With the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been a heightened focus on infection control and prevention of disease transmission in hospitals and healthcare settings. Single-use devices that are disposed after one-time use help eliminate the risk of device-related infections associated with reusable medical equipment. As glutaraldehyde is commonly used for high-level disinfection and sterilization of reusable medical devices, the increased shift towards single-use only devices has reduced the demand for reprocessing reusable tools.

At the same time however, the manufacturing of single-use devices itself has increased the requirements for glutaraldehyde. Most single-use architectures like catheters, gloves, drapes etc. contain various materials that require glutaraldehyde treatment during production to provide them with biocompatibility and ensure sterility. The stringent quality standards prescribed by regulatory bodies like the Food & Drug Administration (FDA)for medical devices further drive the need for highly effective sterilants. Glutaraldehyde with its rapid broad-spectrum microbicidal action and ability to fixate medical-grade materials is increasingly being used by manufacturers as an important part of their disinfection protocol in facilities.

This trend has created a scenario where the overall glutaraldehyde demand has remained stable despite reduced reprocessing needs, as the increase in single-use device production balances out the decrease in re-sterilization.

Rising research on glutaraldehyde alternatives: The glutaraldehyde market has been witnessing significant changes triggered by the rising research on developing alternatives to glutaraldehyde. There is a growing focus on exploring new sterilants and disinfectants that can replace glutaraldehyde due to increasing concerns around its toxicity. Several studies conducted over the past few years have highlighted the health risks linked with occupational exposure to glutaraldehyde.

Glutaraldehyde is classified as an irritant and is known to cause allergic reactions in sensitized individuals. Prolonged or repeated exposure to glutaraldehyde vapor and residues may cause asthma in many healthcare workers.  

The environmental and health hazards associated with glutaraldehyde have prompted significant R&D efforts focused on developing effective and safer alternatives. Various studies have explored plant-derived compounds, inorganic chemicals, and other aldehydes as potential substitutes. For instance, orthophthalaldehyde (OPA) has emerged as a promising alternative due to its rapid microbicidal activity, minimal interactions, and lower toxicity.  

The mounting evidence regarding the health effects of glutaraldehyde and success of initial alternative formulations is compelling medical device manufacturers and healthcare facilities to reconsider their sterilization strategies. The trend of shifting to newer hospital disinfectants with improved safety profiles suggests the glutaraldehyde market share may reduce gradually over the coming years. The growing awareness among stakeholders and tightening of regulatory norms pertaining to occupational exposure are anticipated to further spur the development and adoption of alternatives.

Glutaraldehyde Market Restraints:

Stringent regulations regarding glutaraldehyde usage: Glutaraldehyde is considered toxic and poses health hazards if inhaled or exposed to the skin in high concentrations. Prolonged exposure can cause eye, nose, and throat irritation along with respiratory problems in humans.

Stringent workplace safety regulations and guidelines issued by bodies like the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regarding the safe handling and usage of glutaraldehyde pose significant challenges in the market. Manufacturers have to abide by various guidelines for labeling, storage, and transportation of glutaraldehyde products. This increases production costs and compliance burden, which acts as a major restraint.

Threat of substitute disinfectants hampers market growth: There are several disinfectant chemicals that can effectively replace glutaraldehyde in various applications, especially in the healthcare sector. For example, acid-based disinfectants like orthophthalaldehyde (OPA) are emerging as safer substitutes for glutaraldehyde in endoscope sterilization and disinfection.

Benzalkonium chloride and hydrogen peroxide are also gaining acceptance as they do not require activation and present fewer inhalation risks compared to glutaraldehyde. The growing popularity of such safer alternative disinfectants is hampering the sales of glutaraldehyde globally to a certain extent. Manufacturers are engaged in developing novel formulations with reduced toxicity in comparison to glutaraldehyde. However, high development and compliance costs associated with newer alternatives pose challenges.

In conclusion, increasing demand from the expanding healthcare and laboratory sectors is fueling the growth of the glutaraldehyde market. However, stringent safety regulations pertaining to glutaraldehyde usage and threats from cheaper and safer substitute disinfectants are restricting the market potential to a degree. Continuous product innovations with reduced toxicity could help manufacturers overcome these restraints in the coming years.

Recent Development

  • In April 2023, the reach regulation 1907/2006’s Annex XIV which lists compound authorization will now include eight additional substance, according to a recommendation made by the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) to the European Commotion one of them is glutaral a preservative that can be used in cosmetic. Instance The REACH Regulation aims to improve the protection of human health and the environment by identifying and managing the risks associated with chemical substances.

Figure 2. Glutaraldehyde Market Share (%), by Product, 2023


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Top Companies in the Glutaraldehyde Market:

  • Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc. (UPICHEM)
  • Whiteley Corporation
  • Grassland Agro
  • Advanced Sterilization Products (Cilag GmbH International)
  • Sisco Research Laboratories Pvt. Ltd.
  • Lenntech B.V.
  • The Dow Chemical Company
  • Hubei Jinghong Chemical Co., Ltd.
  • Evans Vanodine International PLC

Definition: The global glutaraldehyde market is experiencing significant growth and is expected to continue expanding in the coming years. Glutaraldehyde is a versatile chemical used in various applications including as a disinfectant and in the healthcare industry. The increasing demand for glutaraldehyde in the healthcare and medical industries, along with its effectiveness as a disinfectant, is driving the market growth.

Frequently Asked Questions

Stringent Regulations Regarding Glutaraldehyde Usage and Threat of substitute Disinfectants Hampers Market Growth are some factors that can hamper the growth of the market. 

Rising demand for disinfection and sterilization in healthcare industry and increasing usage in food processing & water treatment applications are some factors driving the market growth over the forecast period.

Glutaraldehyde 50% by Product is the segment accounted for the largest share of the glutaraldehyde market.

Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc. (UPICHEM),Grassland Agro, Advanced Sterilization Products (Cilag GmbH International), Whiteley Corporation, Sisco Research Laboratories Pvt. Ltd., Lenntech B.V., The Dow Chemical Company, Evans Vanodine International PLC. and Hubei Jinghong Chemical Co., Ltd.,

Europe is expected to account for the largest share of the glutaraldehyde market.

The glutaraldehyde market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 4.7 % from 2024 to 2031.

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