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  • Published On : Feb 2024
  • Code : CMI6611
  • Pages :138
  • Formats :
      Excel and PDF
  • Industry : Advanced Materials

The self-contained breathing apparatus market is projected to exhibit substantial growth, increasing from US$ 1,414.5 Mn in 2024 to an estimated US$ 1,906.5 Mn by 2031. This growth is anticipated to be driven by a notable CAGR of 5.1% during the period of 2024–2031.

A self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) is a device worn by fire fighters, search and rescue personnel, and others to provide breathable air in an oxygen-deficient or immediately dangerous to life or health (IDLH) atmosphere. There are two main types of SCBA: open-circuit SCBA and closed-circuit SCBA. Open-circuit SCBA consists of an air cylinder that supplies breathable air to the user. Once the user exhales, the exhaled air is vented directly to the outside atmosphere. Closed-circuit SCBA recycles the exhaled air after it has been processed by chemical filters. This provides more breathing time from a single cylinder of compressed air as the unused oxygen is recycled.

Both types of SCBA have their advantages and disadvantages. Open-circuit SCBA is simpler in design and offers greater mobility due to less restrictive gear. However, a larger air cylinder is needed to provide the same breathing duration as closed-circuit SCBA. Closed-circuit SCBA offers longer use duration from a single filling but is more complex, heavier, and limits mobility more. Maintenance is also more involved. The appropriate type of SCBA equipment depends on the intended application and the hazards expected. Overall, SCBA equipment protects users from oxygen-deficient and toxic atmospheres, enabling them to safely perform rescue and firefighting operations.

Self- contained Breathing Apparatus Market –Regional Insights:

  • North America has dominated 40% the global self-contained breathing apparatus market for many years now. The presence of key manufacturers such as MSA Safety Inc. and Scott Safety in the U.S. has established the region as leaders in SCBA technology innovation. Both public and private sector organizations have recognized breathing apparatus as crucial safety equipment, driving greater adoption. The emphasis on firefighter protection over the past decade has massively augmented spending from local and state government agencies on SCBA gear. With stringent NFPA and OSHA regulatory standards also increasing budget allotment, the replacement demand remains steady.
  • Europe has emerged as the fastest-growing market for self-contained breathing apparatus. Stringent workplace safety laws have boosted SCBA adoption across various industries dealing with hazardous substances. Countries like Germany, the U.K, and France exhibit exemplary demand accelerated by growing infrastructure development activities. The strong manufacturing footprint of major players such as Dragerwerk and Interspiro has enabled the cost-effective availability of technologically advanced SCBA systems. With rising expendable incomes, firefighting modernization programs find greater government ratification for procurement.
  • Asia Pacific is displaying high export potential owing to cost advantages. Well-established mask manufacturers based in China and South Korea are tapping foreign opportunities vigorously through competitive pricing and customization abilities. Their European and North American clients import complete SCBA sets as well as individual accessories to cater increasing refurbishment needs. The strategic geographical positioning and low labor costs boost Asia Pacific's prospect of being a prominent SCBA exporter.

Figure 1. Self-contained Breathing Apparatus Market Share (%), By Region, 2024


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Analyst Viewpoint:

The self-contained breathing apparatus market is poised to grow steadily, driven by rising fire and safety hazards globally. Growing industrialization and urbanization will bolster the number of fires that need professional equipment to manage. Furthermore, stringent workplace safety and hazardous material spill handling regulations across major economies are expected to drive demand from industries. An increase in the number of firefighters and first responders trained for hazardous situations also supports market expansion.

However, the high cost of SCBA equipment can negatively impact sales to budget-constrained customers. Lengthy replacement cycles of over 10 years in fire services partially offset new equipment sales prospects. The market also faces challenges around increasing competition from local Asian players providing low-cost alternatives.

North America currently dominates SCBA sales, supported by a strong industrial base and established regulatory oversight. The Asia Pacific region offers the greatest potential for growth, led by China and India. These emerging economies are industrializing rapidly and strengthening occupational safety policies. The region is witnessing substantial infrastructure development, including new commercial and residential projects that boost fire hazards.

In summary, while upfront costs restrain the self-contained breathing apparatus market to some extent, ongoing regulatory tailwinds and rising demand from industrializing countries position it for steady long-term gains. Regional shifts in demand towards emerging Asia also present opportunities over the coming decade.

Segment Analysis:

Firefighting Driving Demand in the Industrial Segment: The industrial segment contributes the highest share of the self-contained breathing apparatus market due to growing demand for fire protection in manufacturing facilities. Strict workplace safety regulations are increasing usage of SCBA for firefighting applications across sectors like chemicals, oil and gas, mining, and automotive. These industries deal with flammable materials and often have hazardous processing environments, necessitating reliable fire protection gear for employees. Manufacturers are also installing more advanced detection and suppression systems that integrate with SCBA, improving response times in emergencies.

Growing industrialization in emerging economies is another factor fueling SCBA adoption. Countries like China, India, and Brazil have seen rapid manufacturing expansion in recent years to meet rising domestic and global demand. However, factories in these regions face higher fire risks due to a lack of stringent protocols initially. SCBA providers are actively targeting such developing markets to educate about safety compliance and the role of breathing apparatus in emergency response. This presents a major business opportunity as industrial infrastructure in developing nations modernizes quickly.

The rising installation of dust collection systems in food processing and woodworking facilities has also raised the need for specialized SCBA. Fine particulate accumulation poses high explosion hazards in these spaces, requiring constant monitoring and protection measures incorporating respiratory equipment. Manufacturers are launching SCBA variants with enhanced liquid and chemical seals for protection against explosions involving organic dusts. The growth prospects of the industrial SCBA market segment thus remain favorable over the coming years.

Professional Services Driving Adoption in the Firefighter Segment: The firefighter segment accounts for the largest share of the self-contained breathing apparatus market owing to the crucial role played by SCBA in fire protection and rescue services. Growing awareness about functional safety boosts replacement demand from municipal and federal fire departments across regions. In addition, the offering of value-added services by market players expands business opportunities within this segment.

Leading vendors provide extensive training programs, maintenance packages, and device calibration services to ensure the optimum performance of purchased SCBA. This helps departments adhere to safety certifications and operating procedures mandated for respiratory protection gear. Customized training solutions tailored for firefighter needs at different locations also sees high uptake. SCBA provides further aid departments with comprehensive service contracts that guarantee equipment upgrades, repairs and technical support over the lifetime of the apparatus.

Emerging technologies like integrated thermal imaging, navigation assistance, and biometric monitoring are enhancing firefighter situational awareness and safety. SCBA suppliers are promptly incorporating such innovations to stay ahead of demand. They also offer fleet management services that help agencies optimize procurement cycles based on device usage patterns and replacement timelines. Such professional offerings strengthen relationships with clients and drive recurring business in the firefighter market segment. The segment is expected to grow steadily with ongoing infrastructure development in public safety networks.

Self- contained Breathing Apparatus Market -Drivers:

  • Increasing workplace safety regulations: With growing awareness about safety in hazardous work environments, many countries and regions have implemented stringent workplace safety norms and regulations in recent years. Self-contained breathing apparatus has become mandatory equipment in high-risk industries and facilities where employees are exposed to harmful gases, low oxygen levels, or confined spaces. Regulations obligate employers to provide breathing apparatus and train employees in their proper usage. Non-compliance can attract hefty penalties. For instances, According to the EHS Daily Advisor, The enactment of updated regulations by occupational safety bodies has significantly driven up the demand for SCBA among key end-users. Industries like fire services, oil & gas, chemicals, mining, wastewater treatment, utilities, etc. are now legally bound to deploy certified breathing apparatus and ensure workers use them appropriately. This has provided a major boost to SCBA manufacturers as they seek to partner with different organizations and help them meet evolving regulatory standards. We expect such safety regulations to become even more stringent across major economies in the coming years as the vulnerability of workplaces increases due to modernization. This will sustain the positive momentum in SCBA demand from compliance-oriented businesses.
  • Growing fire services infrastructure: Rapid urbanization and expanding built infrastructure in both the developed and developing world have led to increased fire risks and emergencies in recent times. The growing fire load and complexity of fire-fighting operations have necessitated the strategic upgrade of fire services with advanced life-saving equipment. Self-contained breathing apparatus is an indispensable tool for firefighters conducting search, rescue, and fire control operations in hazardous conditions. They allow firefighters to enter smoke-filled areas and perform their duties safely. Most cities and municipalities are augmenting their fire departments with technologically advanced SCBA to protect personnel from smoke inhalation and oxygen deficiency. They are also making significant investments in staff training and preparedness drives utilizing SCBA. Additionally, a greater number of special response teams, disaster management forces, and industrial fire brigades are being set up worldwide, driving the need for reliable breathing apparatus. All these developments are translating to the steady procurement of SCBA by fire services and emergency response organizations. Leading providers are actively collaborating with such agencies to streamline their gear transition according to evolving fire-fighting strategies and best practices.
  • Increased risk of industrial disasters is heightening demand for SCBA solutions: Incidents of industrial disasters involving toxic gas leaks, fires, and explosions have been on the rise globally in recent years due to aging infrastructure and equipment, human errors, and natural disasters exacerbated by climate change. High-profile incidents like the Bhopal gas tragedy and Fukushima nuclear disaster have put the spotlight on industrial safety preparedness.
  • In the aftermath of such disasters, organizations are more actively ensuring emergency response teams have adequate personal protective equipment like SCBAs. Government agencies and private contractors involved in hazardous cleanup and maintenance operations also prefer reliable SCBA solutions. This risk-mitigation driven demand from industrial, utility, disaster management, and defense sectors is propelling market growth.

Self-contained Breathing Apparatus Market Report Coverage

Report Coverage Details
Base Year: 2023 Market Size in 2023: US$ 1,414.5 Mn
Historical Data for: 2019 to 2023 Forecast Period: 2024 - 2031
Forecast Period 2024 to 2031 CAGR: 5.1% 2031 Value Projection: US$ 1,906.5 Mn
Geographies covered:
  • North America: U.S. and Canada
  • Latin America: Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, and Rest of Latin America
  • Europe: Germany, U.K., Spain, France, Italy, Russia, and Rest of Europe
  • Asia Pacific: China, India, Japan, Australia, South Korea, ASEAN, and Rest of Asia Pacific
  • Middle East & Africa:  GCC Countries, Israel,  South Africa, North Africa, and Central Africa and Rest of Middle East
Segments covered:
  • By Type:  Open-Circuit SCBA, Closed-Circuit SCBA
  • By End-user: Fire Services, Oil & Gas, Mining, Chemical /Petrochemical, Industrial, Law Enforcement, Military, and Navy
Companies covered:

Interspiro, Worthington Industries, Axiom Manufacturing, Afex Fire & Safety, 3M, MSA, Drägerwerk AG & Co. KGaA, Avon Protection, Honeywell International Inc., MATISEC, SHIGEMATSU WORKS CO. LTD., KOKEN LTD., Cam Lock Ltd, Sure Safety, Shanghai Fangzhan Fire Technology Co., Ltd., Bullard Limited.

Growth Drivers:
  • Increasing workplace safety regulations
  • Growing fire services infra-structure
Restraints & Challenges:
  • Budget constraints limit procurement of high-end SCBA devices and
  • Difficulty of replacing aging SCBAs hampers complete upgrade cycles

Self- contained Breathing Apparatus Market –Opportunities

  • Rise the demand of self-contained breathing apparatus due to advance comfort: Comfort features like integrated communications systems and advanced heads-up displays further boost productivity. Responders can communicate directions and status updates in real-time without removing masks. Accessing building plans, victim locations, and other vital information via augmented reality eyewear prevents time-consuming equipment adjustments. Together, these developments streamline emergency operations and maximize every moment that counts. As the demands and risks of rescue work evolve, the need for support technologies will only rise. Data from the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) found firefighter line-of-duty deaths declining from 108 in 2020 to 97 in 2021, attributed in part to advancements in protective equipment. An NFPA study indicated SCBA design changes directly resulted in 11 fewer deaths from exhaustion and smoke inhalation over that period.
  • Emerging markets in Asia Pacific and Middle East: The Asia Pacific and Middle East regions represent significant growth opportunities for companies in the self-contained breathing apparatus industry. These areas contain many developing economies undergoing rapid industrialization and infrastructure development. As construction and manufacturing activity increases across countries like India, Indonesia, China, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE, the need for worker safety equipment will rise considerably. Projects in high-risk sectors such as energy, mining, and petrochemicals often require staff to operate in hazardous environments where smoke, dust, chemicals or low-oxygen conditions are present. Self-contained breathing apparatus allows individuals to work safely in such conditions by providing clean air independently of the surrounding atmosphere. Various government initiatives in these regions are also driving the adoption of breathing apparatus. For example, according to the International Labour Organization, India has been working to strengthen occupational safety and health standards through newly established state-level safety councils and factory inspections.

Self- contained Breathing Apparatus Market –Trend

  • Wireless communication integration: The integration of wireless communication capabilities into self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) is having a major influence on the self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) market. Firefighters and first responders are increasingly demanding SCBA systems that allow for reliable communication in hazardous environments. By integrating technologies like Bluetooth and WiFi, new SCBA designs are empowering workers with real-time communication and monitoring capabilities. This addresses a critical workplace safety need and enhances coordination during emergency responses. Manufacturers are heavily investing in wireless SCBA research and development to meet these demands.
  • Adoption of closed circuit and mixed mode breathing apparatus: The adoption of closed circuit and mixed mode breathing apparatus is having a significant impact on the self-contained breathing apparatus market. Closed circuit devices recirculate breathed air and remove carbon dioxide before returning it to the user, allowing breathing devices to operate for longer durations compared to open circuit devices, which vent exhaled gases. More firefighters and first responders are opting for closed circuit SCBA as they allow operational times of up to 4 hours compared to just 30-45 minutes for traditional open circuit SCBA. This shift towards closed circuit and mixed mode SCBA is driven by the need for longer operational independence. Firefighters and rescuers require equipment that allows them to safely operate for extended periods without relying on air tanks. Closed circuit SCBA removes this dependency and offers greater mission flexibility. According to data from the U.S. Fire Administration, nearly 60% of on-duty firefighter fatalities in 2021 were due to respiratory problems, smoke inhalation, or asphyxiation. The adoption of closed circuit SCBA aims to reduce these fatalities by preventing respiratory failure during prolonged missions.

Self- contained Breathing Apparatus Market –Restraints:

  • Budget constraints limit procurement of high-end SCBA devices: While regulatory compliance and risk management factors drive overall demand, budget availability remains a key restraining factor, especially for cash-strapped public organizations. SCBAs can range from basic models fulfilling minimum requirements to advanced systems with extended run times, integrated diagnostics, and communications.
  • However, the high costs associated with premium SCBA devices restrict their large-scale adoption. Public safety agencies have limited capital expenditures for personal protective equipment. They often opt for basic, low-cost SCBAs instead of premium options, despite their functional advantages. This price sensitivity inhibits the sales of high-margin, technologically advanced SCBA products in the market.
  • Counter Balance: Investing in research and development to create more affordable and efficient SCBA devices can help make them more accessible to a wider range of customers.
  • Difficulty of replacing aging SCBAs hampers complete upgrade cycles:  SCBAs have a limited lifespan, usually ranging between 5 and 10 years, depending on the frequency of usage and maintenance. However, budgeting and operationalizing complete replacement cycles for SCBAs within organizations remains challenging.
  • The difficulty of securing such high replacement capital continues to limit how frequently end-users are able to undertake full refresh cycles. This results in many still relying on outdated, nearing end-of-life SCBAs instead of investing in the latest equipment. The reluctance to replace aging inventory in a timely manner acts as a restraint for SCBA manufacturers trying to increase sales through regular upgrade cycles.
  • Counter Balance: providing training and education on the proper usage and maintenance of SCBA devices can help users understand the importance of investing in high-quality equipment

Self- contained Breathing Apparatus Market – Key Developments

  • In 2022, 3M Company is an American multinational conglomerate operating in the fields of industry, worker safety, healthcare, and consumer goods. 3M Corporation launched the 3M Scott X3-21 Pro SCBA.
  • In 2021, Mine Safety Appliances, or MSA Safety Incorporated, is an American manufacturer and supplier of safety equipment designed for use in a variety of hazardous conditions in industries such as construction, the military, fire service, and chemical, oil, and gas production. MSA safety announced a partnership with the U.K.-based nonprofit FIRE AID to help protect firefighters across developing countries.


  • MSA has acquired 6 companies, including 2 in the last 5 years. A total of 2 acquisitions came from private equity firms. i.e., Bacharach, Sierra Monitor, Bristol Uniforms.

Figure. 2 Self-contained Breathing Apparatus Market Share (%), by Type, 2024


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Top Companies in the Self-contained Breathing Apparatus Market:

  • Interspiro,
  • Worthington Industries,
  • Axiom Manufacturing,
  • Afex Fire & Safety,
  • 3M,
  • MSA,
  • Drägerwerk AG & Co. KGaA,
  • Avon Protection,
  • Honeywell International Inc.,
  • Cam Lock Ltd,
  • Sure Safety,
  • Shanghai Fangzhan Fire Technology Co., Ltd.,
  • Bullard Limited.     

Definition: A self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) is a device worn to provide an autonomous supply of breathable gas in an atmosphere that is immediately dangerous to life or health, such as smoke, dangerous gases, or other airborne contaminants. SCBA devices are typically used in firefighting and industry, and they are not dependent on a remote supply of breathing gas, such as through a long hose. There are two main types of SCBA devices: open-circuit and closed-circuit. SCBAs are used by firefighters and rescue workers while operating in areas of immediate danger, such as inside a building inferno or in a mine filled with smoke or toxic gas.

Frequently Asked Questions

Budget constraints limit the procurement of high-end SCBA devices, and the difficulty of replacing aging SCBAs cycles are some factors that can hamper the growth of self-contained breathing apparatus market.

Increasing workplace safety regulations and growing fire service infrastructure are some factors driving market growth over the forecast period.

The open-circuit SCBA segment accounted for the largest share of the self-contained breathing apparatus market.

Interspiro, Worthington Industries, Axiom Manufacturing, Afex Fire & Safety, 3M, MSA, Drägerwerk AG & Co. KGaA, Avon Protection, Honeywell International Inc., MATISEC, SHIGEMATSU WORKS CO. LTD., KOKEN LTD., Cam Lock Ltd, Sure Safety, Shanghai Fangzhan Fire Technology Co., Ltd., Bullard Limited. are some of the major key players operating in self-contained breathing apparatus market

North America is expected to account for the largest share of the self- contained breathing apparatus market.

The self-contained breathing apparatus market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 5.1 % from 2024 to 2031.

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