Green Construction refers to the building structure and the application of processes, which are environmentally sustainable and resource-efficient throughout the building's life-cycle, which includes the processes starting from the building’s planning to its design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation, and demolition. This requires close cooperation of the contractors, architects, engineers, and the clients at all the stages of the construction project. The green construction practice complements the classical building design concerns that are related to economy, utility, durability, and comfort. In doing so, the three dimensions of sustainability, i.e., planet, people, and profit across the entire supply chain needs to be considered.
The objective of green construction is to reduce the overall impact of the buildings/construction projects on the human health and the environment by following certain principles:
A 2009 report by the U.S. General Services Administration found 12 sustainably-designed buildings that costs less to operate and have excellent energy performance. In addition, as per U.S. General Service Administration, the occupants were more satisfied with the buildings made under green construction projects as compared to the occupants living in typical commercial buildings, as green construction project’s buildings were eco-friendly.
The global green construction market is expected to witness significant growth during the forecast period (2021–2028). Increasing demand for reduced energy consumption in buildings, rise in the number of infrastructure projects, an increase in industrial and commercial spending, and the growing demand for green buildings, are expected to drive the market demand.
Stringent legislative policies for energy-efficient buildings significantly drives the manufacturing of sustainable materials. For instance, in June 2020, Environmental ministry of Mexico City, introduced regulations that comprised of new and retrofitted energy-efficiency measures intended to develop a sustainable city by constructing improved buildings thereby decreasing greenhouse gas emissions.
Global Green Construction Market - Impact of Coronavirus (Covid-19) Pandemic
The green construction market was negatively impacted due to COVID-19, owing to the pandemic scenario as several countries were in lockdown. Construction work stopped all across the world, especially in major constructions hubs such as China, India, and Japan. Supply chain disruptions, work stoppages due to measures imposed by government authorities to slow down the spread of the virus, and workforce shortages, further affected the market negatively. Hence, such impact and uncertainties due to the COVID-19 outbreak acted as a stumbling block in the growing demand for green building materials. However, this is expected to be temporary and the green construction market is expected to recover in the coming years.
|Base Year:||2020||Market Size in 2020:||US$ 265.7 Bn|
|Historical Data for:||2017 to 2019||Forecast Period:||2021 to 2028|
|Forecast Period 2021 to 2028 CAGR:||11.2%||2028 Value Projection:||US$ 602.1 Bn|
Alumasc Group Plc, Binderholz GmbH, Bauder Ltd, Forbo International SA, Certain Teed Corporation, The Turner Corp, Clark Group, Gilbane Building Co, Hensel Phelps, The Whiting-Turner Contracting Co.
|Restraints & Challenges:||
North America held the dominant position in the global green construction market in 2020.
The North American market showed dominance in 2020, this was due to the rising demand for residential houses and increasing number of renovation projects. As per U.S. Green Building Council, the U.S. observed a substantial investment for residential buildings in 2018, which was projected to continue in the upcoming years, thereby promoting the market growth.
The market for Asia Pacific region is expected to grow with a significant CAGR during the period of 2021 to 2028, owing to the high demand from developing countries such as China and India. Increasing disposable income and growing population will also influence the demand for green construction market related products. For instance, in China, due to population growth, the green construction market is gaining importance due to increasing number of people staying in high-rise buildings or multifamily housing that in turn consumes huge amount of energy. To reduce this energy consumption, the Chinese government is focusing on green construction technology.
Figure 1: Global Green Construction Market Share (%), By Region, 2020
In terms of revenue, the residential building application segment dominated the global green construction market in 2020
The residential sector is expected to hold the largest share due to the growing demand for residential buildings, owing to the increase in the global population. The green construction projects help in enhancing the architectural characteristics of a building and improve the air quality for residential owners by adopting green insulation, biodegradable materials, solar power, and cool roofs. For instance, One Bryant Park, in the U.S. is extremely eco-friendly skyscraper relies on LED lights, CO2 monitors, no-water urinals, and self-sufficient power, making it sustainable and clean.
Figure 2: Global Green Construction Market Value (US$ Bn) Analysis and Forecast, 2017 – 2028
The global green construction market size was valued at US$ 265.7 billion in 2020 and is anticipated to reach US$ 602.1 billion by 2028 at a CAGR of 11.4%.
Major players operating in the global green construction market are Alumasc Group Plc, Binderholz GmbH, Bauder Ltd, Forbo International SA, Certain Teed Corporation, The Turner Corp, Clark Group, Gilbane Building Co, Hensel Phelps, and The Whiting-Turner Contracting Co.
Green construction is an attempt to build responsibly, reduce waste, and help preserve the environment. It is an “earth-friendly” alternative to the construction process. The green construction process involves the planning, design, construction, and operation of buildings with foremost considerations for energy use, water use, indoor environmental quality, materials, and the building’s effect on its site. In today’s society, green construction technology has become much more advanced, and as the world’s supply of non-renewable resources are slowly becoming rarer and expensive, the green technology serves more importance than it did before. Green tech comes in a wide variety of materials, covering everything from energy-efficient appliances to geothermal heating.
The global green construction market is expected to grow significantly during the forecast period. Efficient use of energy, water, and other resources, protection of the occupant’s health, and reducing waste, pollution & environmental degradation are some of the influential factors for the growth of the green construction market.
The increasing awareness of the effective usage of resources like water and reduction in energy consumption, are some of the key trends observed in the market. For instance, One Central Park, which is Jean Nouvel’s Sydney towers, boasts of vertical gardens and cantilevering structure that acts like a huge sunlight reflector for the lower tower. More than 250 species of Australian plants and flowers are used in this architectural beauty. The Green Building Council, Australia, has awarded One Central Park five green stars for its sustainable design, which includes water recycling and a tri-generation plant.
Key features of the study:
“*” marked represents similar segmentation in other categories in the respective section.