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  • Published In : May 2024
  • Code : CMI5061
  • Pages :175
  • Formats :
      Excel and PDF
  • Industry : Semiconductors

Market Size and Trends

The NAND flash memory market is estimated to be valued at US$ 69.38 Bn in 2024 and is expected to reach US$ 101.85 Bn by 2031, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.6% from 2024 to 2031.

Nand Flash Memory Market Key Factors

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The widespread use of smartphones, tablets, and other portable devices is driving robust demand for higher storage capacities. NAND flash is increasingly being used in data centers to power the growth in cloud computing and the need for massive data storage.

The market is expected to be driven by the rising demand for storage in consumer electronics such as smartphones, tablets, and SSDs. Increasing utilization of multimedia-rich content and huge storage requirements of next-generation technologies such as artificial intelligence, augmented reality, and virtual reality will augment the demand for NAND flash memory. Expanding use of flash storage in automotive electronics is another key factor expected to support the market growth over the forecast period.

Rapid growth of digital data

The demand for digital storage has been growing exponentially over the past decade driven by the proliferation of digital content across various formats such as photos, videos, documents, and others. As individuals and businesses create and consume more digital content than ever before, the need for large storage capacity also rises. NAND flash memory has emerged as one of the most widely adopted non-volatile storage technologies to meet this demand due to its small size, high storage density, fast read and write speeds. Over the years smartphone manufacturers have focused on offering higher storage variants to enable consumers to store massive libraries of high resolution photos and videos on their phones. Similarly the popularity of smart home devices, Internet of Things, cloud computing, and data centers has fueled the need for flash storage to handle huge amounts of digital data being generated every minute. Advancements in emerging technologies such as Artificial Intelligence, Virtual Reality/Augmented Reality, autonomous vehicles, etc. are also anticipated to be major data generators in the future. All of this digital transformation is expected to vastly increase the worldwide data footprint and propel flash memory market growth over the coming years.

Market Concentration and Competitive Landscape

Nand Flash Memory Market Concentration By Players

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Transition to solid state drives

Mechanical hard disk drives (HDDs) have long been the preferred mass storage solution for personal computers owing to their large capacities and low costs. However HDDs are becoming outdated as solid state drives (SSDs) based on NAND flash memory offer compelling advantages of higher performance, lower power consumption, and robustness. SSDs deliver significantly faster read/write times compared to spinning HDD platters which is essential for modern day computing applications and experiences. Their resistance to physical shock and absence of moving parts also make SSDs more durable and reliable. As SSD capacities increase while costs decline at a rapid pace driven by technological advancements, an increasing number of desktops, laptops, and even enterprise servers are expected to adopt all-flash configurations. Major PC Original Equipment Manufacturers have already moved to primarily offering SSD configurations. The transition from HDDs to SSDs as the dominant storage media will benefit NAND flash suppliers and drive further demand for high capacity flash products across application segments in the upcoming decade.

Nand Flash Memory Market Key Takeaways From Lead Analyst

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Market Challenges: Price fluctuations of NAND flash chips

Storage density is increasing exponentially which requires significant research and development expenditures for chip manufacturers to reduce production costs as fabrication nodes shrink. Additionally, global trade tensions have impacted supply chains and tariffs threaten to raise costs. Data security is also a growing concern as flash storage is vulnerable to hacking if not properly encrypted.

Market Opportunities: Emergence of 3D NAND technology

Demand for high capacity storage will continue as data usage rises with new applications in areas like artificial intelligence, autonomous vehicles, and the internet of things. Transition to non-volatile memory express interfaces can enable even faster speeds. Growing popularity of smartphones and solid state drives worldwide also provides a large customer base. Adoption of triple-level cell and quad-level cell technologies may further decrease costs per gigabyte over time.

Nand Flash Memory Market By Type

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Insights By Type- Low Cost per Bit: The Rise of TLC NAND

In terms of type, TLC (Three Bit Per Cell) contributes the highest share of the market owing 32.5% in 2024 to its significantly lower cost per bit compared to other types. Storing 3 bits per cell rather than 1 or 2 bits allows TLC NAND to achieve a much higher density and reduce manufacturing costs. This cost advantage has made TLC the preferred choice for applications where storage capacity needs to be maximized at low prices, such as USB flash drives, memory cards, and SSDs in budget laptops and PCs. Leading manufacturers have also steadily improved the write endurance and read/write speeds of TLC over the years, addressing earlier reliability issues. As a result, TLC NAND now meets the performance needs of most mainstream applications while keeping prices highly competitive. Its low-cost profile will continue propelling TLC's dominance in the foreseeable future as demand grows for affordable high-capacity storage.

Insights By, Structure- 3D Architecture: Meeting exponential capacity demands

In terms of structure, 3-D structure contributes the highest share owing 68.3% in 2024 of the market as it allows manufacturers to meet the exponential growth in demand for NAND capacity. By utilizing a vertical stacking method known as vertical NAND technology rather than the conventional planar 2D layout, chipmakers can significantly boost the amount of NAND cells that can be fitted on a single die. This proliferation of 3D NAND with 64, 96, or more layers has kept pace with Moore's Law, satisfying the ever-increasing hunger for storage brought on by factors such as higher resolution videos, massive smartphone app sizes, and proliferating IoT devices. 3D NAND's ability to sustain Moore's Law will ensure it remains the structure of choice as global data volumes show no signs of slowing in the coming years.

Insights By, Application- Smartphones: The driving force of the NAND industry

In terms of application, the highest share of the NAND flash memory market can be attributed to smartphones owing 31.4% in 2024. Smartphones have emerged as the most ubiquitous personal computing and multimedia devices, with over a billion sold annually. The massive data usage and local storage needs of modern smartphones is the single largest driver of NAND flash demand today. High-resolution photos and videos, huge app sizes, music libraries, and internal storage capacities upwards of 128GB all necessitate ever-larger NAND capacities in each new smartphone generation. As smartphone penetration increases in developing markets and new frontiers such as 5G, AI assistants, and AR/VR applications pave the way for even richer media, smartphones will continue propelling exponential NAND consumption and driving technological advances like 3D NAND and newer cell types.

Regional Insights

Nand Flash Memory Market Regional Insights

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North America has established itself as the dominant region in the global NAND flash memory market. The region is expected to account for 39.7% of the market share in 2024. With the presence of major technology companies like Intel, Micron, Samsung, and Western Digital, the U.S. contributes significantly to the regional market size. These companies have been investing heavily in R&D as well as manufacturing facilities over the years. As a result, North America accounts for the largest share of the global NAND flash production currently.

In addition, the region is a major exporter of NAND flash storage solutions. With the high demand for smartphones, laptops, SSDs, and other consumer electronics, American companies are able to tap into both domestic and international markets. Their established supply chains and brand loyalty among customers has helped sustain this export-driven growth. The pricing of NAND flash chips from North American manufacturers also remains competitive in global tenders. This has further augmented their regional as well as global leadership.

The Asia Pacific region, especially China, is emerging as the fastest growing market for NAND flash memory. With a burgeoning consumer base and government initiatives to push digitization across sectors, the demand for storage devices is increasing exponentially. This has attracted significant investments from international memory makers to set up local production facilities. Chinese companies like YMTC and CXMT have also enhanced indigenous manufacturing capabilities.

Rising domestic demand along with export opportunities to other Asian and African markets have made China an important location for memory production. It has also allowed the country to reduce import reliance and stabilize NAND flash costs. This makes Asia Pacific an attractive outsourcing and procurement hub. The region’s cost advantages complemented by improving quality standards are enabling it to gain ground. Aggressive R&D spending to indigenize next generation technologies further complements this growth trajectory.

The above market analysis highlights some key aspects like industry presence, exports, investments, and pricing that have enabled North America and Asia Pacific to achieve their current standing in the global NAND flash memory landscape without referring to any external data.

Market Report Scope

Nand Flash Memory Market Report Coverage

Report Coverage Details
Base Year: 2023 Market Size in 2024: US$ 69.38 Bn
Historical Data for: 2019 To 2023 Forecast Period: 2024 To 2031
Forecast Period 2024 to 2031 CAGR: 5.6% 2031 Value Projection: US$ 101.85 Bn
Geographies covered:
  • North America: U.S. and Canada
  • Latin America: Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, and Rest of Latin America
  • Europe: Germany, U.K., France, Italy, Russia, and Rest of Europe
  • Asia Pacific: China, India, Japan, Australia, South Korea, ASEAN, and Rest of Asia Pacific
  • Middle East & Africa: GCC Countries, South Africa, and Rest of Middle East & Africa
Segments covered:
  • By Type: SLC, MLC, TLC, and QLC
  • By Structure: 2-D Structure and 3-D Structure
  • By Application: Smartphone, SSD, Memory Card, Tablet, and Other Applications 
Companies covered:

Samsung Electronics, SK Hynix, Micron Technology, Intel Corporation, Kioxia Corporation (formerly Toshiba Memory Corporation), Western Digital Corporation, SanDisk (a division of Western Digital), Nanya Technology Corporation, Powerchip Technology Corporation, YMTC (Yangtze Memory Technologies Co., Ltd.), Intel-Micron Flash Technologies (IMFT), XMC (Xiamen Xinxin Semiconductor Manufacturing Corporation), Macronix International, Transcend Information, ADATA Technology, Phison Electronics Corporation, Silicon Motion Technology Corporation, Netlist, Inc., SK Hynix System IC, Inc., and GigaDevice Semiconductor (Beijing) Inc.

Growth Drivers:
  • Growth of cloud computing
  • Transition to solid state drives 
Restraints & Challenges:
  • Price fluctuations of NAND flash chips
  • Complex manufacturing process

Key Developments

  • In October 2023, Samsung Electronics Co. announced plans to begin mass production of 300-layer NAND flash memory chips in early 2024, a year ahead of schedule compared to SK hynix Inc.'s 321-layer NAND memory
  • In June 2023, SK hynix Inc. started the mass production of its 238-layer 4D NAND Flash memory, intended for smartphones, PCIe 5.0 SSDs, and high-capacity server SSDs
  • In October 2023, Kioxia Corporation and Western Digital Corp. unveiled their latest 3D flash memory technology, offering exceptional capacity, performance, and reliability at a competitive cost
  • In August 2023, SK Hynix developed 321-layer NAND flash memory, increasing data capacity by 59% compared to its previous 238-layer memory, with mass production expected in the first half of 2025
  • In April 2024, Samsung Electronics Co. launched the mass production of its new 286-layer NAND chips, increasing storage capacity by 50% and shipping samples to tech giants like Google and Apple for AI data centers and smartphones
  • In April 2024, Kioxia announced plans to mass-produce 3D NAND memory with over 1,000 layers by 2031, addressing technical challenges during a lecture at the 71st Applied Physics Society Spring Meeting
  • In October 2023, despite U.S. sanctions, China's YMTC unveiled the world's most advanced 3D NAND memory chip, the 232-layer X3-9070, showcasing China's commitment to its semiconductor industry
  • In August 2023, SK Hynix introduced its groundbreaking 321-layer 3D NAND flash technology at the Flash Memory Summit, boasting a storage capacity of 1Tbit per silicon die
  • *Definition: The NAND flash memory market involves the manufacture and sale of NAND flash memory, a type of non-volatile storage technology that does not require power to retain data. NAND flash is used in USB flash drives, memory cards, solid-state drives, and other applications to provide removable and durable data storage. It has replaced hard disk drives in many devices due to its small size, low power consumption, high read and write speeds, shock resistance, and durability.

Market Segmentation

  • Type Insights (Revenue, US$ BN, 2019 - 2031)
    • SLC
    • MLC
    • TLC
    • QLC
  • Structure Insights (Revenue, US$ BN, 2019 - 2031)
    • 2-D Structure
    • 3-D Structure
  • Application Insights (Revenue, US$ BN, 2019 - 2031)
    • Smartphone
    • SSD
    • Memory Card
    • Tablet
    • Other Applications
  • Regional Insights (Revenue, US$ BN, 2019 - 2031)
    • North America
      • U.S.
      • Canada
    • Latin America
      • Brazil
      • Argentina
      • Mexico
      • Rest of Latin America
    • Europe
      • Germany
      • U.K.
      • France
      • Italy
      • Russia
      • Rest of Europe
    • Asia Pacific
      • China
      • India
      • Japan
      • Australia
      • South Korea
      • ASEAN
      • Rest of Asia Pacific
    • Middle East & Africa
      • GCC Countries
      • South Africa
      • Rest of Middle East & Africa
  • Key Players
    • Samsung Electronics
    • SK Hynix
    • Micron Technology
    • Intel Corporation
    • Kioxia Corporation (formerly Toshiba Memory Corporation)
    • Western Digital Corporation
    • SanDisk (a division of Western Digital)
    • Nanya Technology Corporation
    • Powerchip Technology Corporation
    • YMTC (Yangtze Memory Technologies Co., Ltd.)
    • Intel-Micron Flash Technologies (IMFT)
    • XMC (Xiamen Xinxin Semiconductor Manufacturing Corporation)
    • Macronix International
    • Transcend Information
    • ADATA Technology
    • Phison Electronics Corporation
    • Silicon Motion Technology Corporation
    • Netlist, Inc.
    • SK Hynix System IC, Inc.
    • GigaDevice Semiconductor (Beijing) Inc.

Frequently Asked Questions

The CAGR of the NAND flash memory market is projected to be 5.6% from 2024 to 2031.

Growth of cloud computing and transition to solid state drives are the major factors driving the growth of the NAND flash memory market .

Price fluctuations of NAND flash chips and complex manufacturing process are the major factors hampering the growth of the NAND flash memory market.

In terms of type, TLC, estimated to dominate the market revenue share in 2024.

Samsung Electronics, SK Hynix, Micron Technology, Intel Corporation, Kioxia Corporation (formerly Toshiba Memory Corporation), Western Digital Corporation, SanDisk (a division of Western Digital), Nanya Technology Corporation, Powerchip Technology Corporation, YMTC (Yangtze Memory Technologies Co., Ltd.), Intel-Micron Flash Technologies (IMFT), XMC (Xiamen Xinxin Semiconductor Manufacturing Corporation), Macronix International, Transcend Information, ADATA Technology, Phison Electronics Corporation, Silicon Motion Technology Corporation, Netlist, Inc., SK Hynix System IC, Inc., and GigaDevice Semiconductor (Beijing) Inc. are the major players.

North America is expected to lead the NAND flash memory market in 2024.

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