Next Generation Sequencing Market – Sequencing Made Easy
Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) is a powerful, flexible, and indispensable biological tool that is used in several areas of biological study. NGS technologies help in generating genome-wide sequence data in a couple of days. These technologies are highly parallelized allowing to sequence thousands to millions of molecules at the same time. The main advantage of these platforms is determination of the sequenced data from amplified single DNA fragments, avoiding the need for cloning of DNA fragments.
NGS has large number of applications, enabling rapid technological advances across several fields in biological science. The technology has enabled researchers to gain significant knowledge in public health studies and epidemiology, to sequence viruses and bacteria and help detect causes that may contribute to virulence. Furthermore, in gene expression research, next generation sequencing of RNA replace microarray analysis, allowing researchers to see RNA expression sequence. This RNA sequencing can provide information on entire transcriptome in one analysis, irrespective of any previous knowledge of genetic sequence.
The global next generation sequencing market was valued at US$ 5.6 billion in 2017 and is expected to witness a robust CAGR of 18.1% over the forecast period (2017–2025).
Figure 1. Global Next Generation Sequencing Market Value (US$ Bn), by Region, 2017
Rising demand for early detection of cancer and infectious diseases to drive growth of the NGS market
The chances of successful treatment increase when cancer and infectious diseases are detected at the early stage. One of the major factors that drive growth of the next generation sequencing market is the rising prevalence of cancer and other infectious diseases. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2012, new cases of cancer was around 14 million and the incidence is estimated to increase to 70% by 2030.
As per statistics published by National Cancer Institute (NCI), in 2016, 1,685,210 new cases of cancer were diagnosed in the U.S. alone. In 2015, WHO reported 8.8 million deaths occurred due to cancer. According to American Cancer Society (ACS), in 2017, around 161,360 cases of prostate cancer were reported in the U.S alone. ACS, in 2015, also reported 4.5 million new cancer cases in China and the number is expected to increase to 7.6 Mn by 2020. Morbidity cases in tuberculosis, salmonella, and meningococcal disease was as high as 90,000 in the U.S. in 2016. Therefore, increasing demand for early diagnosis of cancer and infectious diseases, to aid in better outcome, is in turn expected to aid in growth of the market over the forecast period.
Increasing demand for DNA testing
Demand for DNA testing is increasing, due to advancements in whole genome and exome sequencing procedures, faster results and cost effectives of the process as compared to genotyping based DNA microarray. In December, 2014, the first commercial sequencer, MinIon, using Nanopore technology was introduced by Oxford Nanopore Technologies. The sequencer identifies DNA by measuring the changes in the electrical conductivity generated DNA strands passed through biological pore. This technology enabled the detection of outbreaks such as Zika virus. Furthermore, GenapSys, a U.S.-based developer of DNA sequencing technologies for applied genomic testing, introduced GENIUS sequencer, which can sequence DNA anywhere.
Key players in the next generation sequencing market include Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., Agilent Technologies, Inc., BioMerieux S.A., F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Qiagen N.V., Illumina, Inc., Oxford Nanopore Technologies, and Beijing Genomics Co. Ltd.
Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) is a high-throughput DNA sequencing technology that separates billions or millions of DNA strands and sequence in parallel, yielding more output and reducing the need for fragment-cloning methods (Sanger sequencing of genomes). However, read lengths for NGS are shorter than Sanger due to the signal to noise ratio, which increases with read length. NGS allows simultaneous screening of mutations in large number of genes. For example, a patient with symptoms of Leigh syndrome performed exome sequencing to find candidate gene variants. Furthermore, it is used for analysis and for interpreting sequenced data, analyzing specific gene associated with the patient’s clinical condition.
Major factors driving growth of the next generation sequencing market are early detection of cancer and infectious diseases and increasing partnership among academic and industry partnerships for research and development. For academic institutions, these collaborations help in commercialization of their discoveries from basic research to medical products. For instance, in March, 2018, Cofactor Genomics, a U.S.-based developer of Cofactor Paragon (RNA analysis tool) signed agreement with National Cancer Institute, and other three other pharma and academic institutes to show clinical ability of its product.
Increasing prevalence of cancer and infectious diseases and ability of NGS platforms to detect cancers and infectious diseases are expected to drive growth of the next generation sequencing market during the forecast period. The use of NSG for study of cancer cells mutations is increasing and the implementation of this technology has considerably aided in early diagnosis of diseases. In the U.S., over 1.69 million new cancer cases were detected in 2016; whereas the global incidence of cancer was around 14 million new cases in 2012 and an annual 19.3 million cases are estimated by 2025. However, interpretation of complex data, lack of skilled professionals, and issues related to security of NGS data are expected to limit growth of the market.
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