Smart materials have the ability to alter one or more properties when a controlled external stimuli such as stress, temperature, moisture, pH, electric and magnetic fields are applied on the material. Piezoelectric, magneto-rheostatic, electro-rheostatic, and other shape memory alloys are the most widely used smart materials. Properties such as viscosity, volume, and conductivity can be altered as per requirement in end applications. The smart material market is segmented on the basis of type, which includes biomimetric materials, piezo-electric materials, thermally responsive materials and others. The piezoelectric materials segment dominated the smart materials market. Smart materials are adaptive to different environmental and operational conditions. Increased investments in R&D to innovate new smart materials has resulted in broadened applications in automotive, construction, healthcare, aerospace, and chemical industries. Shape memory alloys have wide range of applications in manufacturing actuators and motors. Piezoelectric and electro-rheostatic materials are widely used in permeated households and automotive applications. Universities and key players are conducting research on smart materials to increase the elasticity of the materials to increase the application of smart materials to be used in health care industry for artificial muscles in prosthetics. Automobile industry is leaning towards replacing conventional materials with smart materials to manufacture high quality vehicles termed as 'smart vehicle'.
Global Smart Materials Market Taxonomy
The global smart materials market is classified on the basis of the following segments:
Prevalent Scenario in Smart Materials Market
Increasing technological advancements have resulted in increased use of developed materials rather than conventional materials such as polymers, metal, and glass in various industries such as automotive, consumer electronics, and healthcare, among others. The property of smart materials to change one or more of its properties due to external stimulus is driving the usage of smart materials for various applications such as transducers, actuators & motors, structural materials and others. The use of smart materials require high investments. Various governmental and non-governmental bodies are focusing on increasing awareness and fuel uptake of smart materials. For instance, Centexbel launched a new TIS action along with Sirris to educate companies about the various applications of smart materials that are available commercially. The increased demand for consumer electronics and wide range of applications for smart sensors by the end users act as a driving factor for growth of the smart materials market. The introduction of internet of things (IoT) and the increased demand for connected devices is driving market growth globally. Europe contributes a major market share, due to its growing automobile and electronics industries as well as energy sector. Asia Pacific market is expected to be the fastest growing market for smart materials, due to growing electronics market and improved standard of living in emerging economies such as China and India. Use of smart materials in the healthcare sector has led to innovation of medical devices. The key restraint for smart materials lies in manufacturing costs for large quantities in different applications at effective yields. High costs in manufacturing and high investment in research and development hamper growth of the smart materials market. The market has high potential and large numbers of manufacturers are focusing on offering innovative products to enhance their market share. The new prospects for smart material products would have its applications in the engineering sector for manufacturing control devices, self-detection, self-diagnostic and other devices.
The global smart materials market is highly fragmented due to the participation of many established and emerging players in the smart materials market. Major players involved in the market include TDK Corporation (Japan), CTS Corporation (U.S.), Optotune AG (Switzerland), AMM Technologies (Italy), Lord Corporation (U.S.), Fort Wayne Metals (U.S.), AI Technology Inc. (U.S.), AVX Corporation (U.S.), Advanced Cerametrics,Inc., (U.S.), Wright Medical Group (U.S.).
Increasing development of wearable energy harvesting devices and smart sensors is expected to boost growth of the smart materials market. For instance, on September 04, 2019, Imagine Intelligent Materials, an Australia-based graphene and data analytics company, announced development of integrated sensing solution, the first sensing solution for large surface areas that mimics the way that the human skin transfers information to the brain.
In June 2019, researchers from Tohoku University, Japan, reported development of Iron-Cobalt (Fe–Co) magnetostrictive fiber integrated shoes that demonstrated stable energy harvesting performance.
In June 2019, researchers from Baise University and Jiangxi Electric Power Research Institute, China, developed a non-resonant piezoelectric current sensing device with high resolution.