The Global Forensic Technologies and Services Market was valued at US$ 10,035.1 million in 2015 and is projected to expand at a CAGR of 12.4% during the forecast period (2016–2024), as highlighted in a new report published by Coherent Market Insights. Rise in crime activities globally will fuel demand for DNA profiling forensic services hence augment the market growth.
DNA is one of the most important differentiating factor for all living beings. The base of this different nature and individuality lies in the genetic material encoded by each organism in its deoxyribonucleic acid. As every person has a unique DNA sequence, it becomes easy for a forensic expert to identify the criminal, it states as human or a particular species of bird or animal, individuals within each group will have their own exclusive sequences. The DNA profiling helps the experts with genetic information which is stored in DNA cells, with the detailed linear order of spirals of four chemicals (called nucleotides) constitute individual genes. These genetic factor or genes translate the specific protein products that are needed for the cells of an organism to multiply and function. In each individual, the deoxyribonucleic acid in every cell is split into 23 pairs of chromosomes. When the coding sequence is disrupted by long stretch DNA, then it is called junk DNA and in biotechnology these changes are captured and recorded forms the basis of DNA profiling which further allows scientists to discriminate between individuals
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Among the diagnostic tests, restriction fragment length polymorphism is most efficient technique, as it requires less sample size and fresh DNA sample. It is preferred by most of the diagnostic laboratories, even though it is comparatively expensive and takes longer time to detect the substance, as it has very negligible chances of error in detection of the junk DNA as compared to short tandem repeats (STRs). Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP), Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), and amplification of Short Tandem Repeats (STRs) are most commonly used test for DNA fingerprinting. Other methods avaible for diagnosis lack accuracy and precision due to which they are not preferred as much as aforementioned methods. DNA fingerprinting has applications in paternity and maternity determination, personal identification, diagnosis of inherited disorders, development of cures for inherited disorders, detection of aids, and breeding program.
Key takeaways of the forensic technologies and services market:
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