Disinfectants are antimicrobial agents with the ability to destroy harmful microorganisms such as fungi, virus, and bacteria. There are various types of disinfectants available in the global market, which include oxidizing agents, phenolic, quaternary ammonium compounds, and aldehydes. Phenolic compounds are commonly used as disinfectant for environmental surfaces such as laboratory surfaces and non-critical medical devices including stethoscope, blood pressure cuffs, hospital beds, and furniture.
Furthermore, aldehydes such as glutaraldehyde and formaldehyde show a broad array of microbiocidal activity including fungicidal and sporicidal. They act by damaging bacterial nucleic acid. Glutaraldehyde is used commonly for disinfection of high-level medical equipment such as endoscopes, dialyzers, hemodialysis proportioning systems, respiratory therapy equipment, and dialysate delivery systems. However, application of formaldehyde in healthcare industry is low due to its irritating fumes and pungent odor.
The global disinfectants market is projected to surpass US$ 49.0 billion by the end of 2027, in terms of revenue, growing at CAGR of 6.0% during the forecast period (2020 to 2027).
Increasing demand for disinfectants from water treatment and healthcare industries is fuelling growth of the global disinfectants market. Hospital environment is a conducive for transmission of various pathogens including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Clostridium difficile, Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis, and Acinetobacter baumannii, which causes various infections such as bacteremia, urinary tract infection, pneumonia, meningitis, and wound infection. Cleaning and disinfecting surfaces in healthcare facilities is essential for reducing Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIS), according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Disinfection of wastewater and potable water aids in reducing risk associated with contamination with pathogenic organisms including those causing polio, cholera, hepatitis, typhoid, and other viral, bacterial, and parasitic diseases. According to United Nations, improvement in water sources decreases diarrhea morbidity by 21% and improved drinking-water quality such as point-of-use disinfection, would lead to a 45% reduction of diarrhea episodes.
Regionally, North America dominated the global disinfectants market in 2019, reporting 37% market share in terms of revenue, followed by Europe and Asia-pacific, respectively. Increasing government initiatives on water treatment to provide safe drinking water is fuelling the demand for disinfectants in the region.
Figure 1. Global Disinfectants Market, Revenue Share (%), By Region, 2019
In Latin America, increasing consumer awareness regarding infectious diseases, owing to different disease outbreaks is driving growth of the disinfectants market in the region. For instance, according to World Health Organization (WHO), in Brazil, around 35 cases of yellow fever, caused by virus were reported, including 20 deaths while 145 suspected cases between July 2017 and January 2018. Various regulatory bodies recommend disinfectants to control such diseases. For instance, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends disinfecting patient rooms for infection control.
Based on End-Use industry, healthcare segment dominated the global disinfectants market in 2017. As disinfectants are most widely used in hospitals and clinics, diagnostic laboratories, pharmaceutical, and biotechnology companies.
Hospitals, clinics, and diagnostic laboratories utilize disinfectants for surface disinfection and disinfection of semi-critical and non-critical medical and surgical instruments such as stethoscopes, trays, reusable impression, mirrors, and amalgam condensers.
|Base Year:||2019||Market Size in 2019:||US$ 30 Mn|
|Historical Data for:||2016 to 2019||Forecast Period:||2020 to 2027|
|Forecast Period 2020 to 2027 CAGR:||6.0%||2027 Value Projection:||US$ 49 Mn|
|Geographies covered (27):||
Solvay S.A., Unilever Group, Evonik Industries AG, 3M Company, Procter & Gamble Corporation, dowdupont Inc., Lanxess AG, BASF S.E., The Clorox Company, and Reckitt Benckiser Plc.
|Restraints & Challenges:||
In pharmaceutical industry, disinfectants are used for disinfection of clean rooms and sterile production facilities. Thus, the growing pharmaceutical industry is anticipated to support the growth of the global disinfectants market. According to the International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers & Associations, global pharmaceutical industry is expected to account for US$ 1,430 billion by 2020, thereby increasing demand for disinfectants.
For instance, in April 2015, China State Council launched Water Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan with goals of around 70% of water in watersheds and 93% of drinking water sources in major cities are of Grade III or high standards. It also involves enhanced processing of 90% of the sludge from prefectures and cities, including disinfection, sludge stabilization, and resource recovery. Moreover, the Union Budget 2017 - 2018 of India increased allocation by 11% to about US$ 1.05 billion for the Union Water Resources Ministry from US$ 0.95 billion in previous year to provide safe drinking water.
Figure 2. Global Disinfectants Market – Opportunity Analysis
Furthermore, various agencies such as United Nations and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are focused on initiatives to promote hygiene and sanitization in this region, which is fueling growth of the disinfectants market in the region. For instance, Latin America Clean Water Initiative was undertaken to provide potable water and sanitation systems, improved water supplies and workshops on hygiene, water conservation, and water-related illnesses. It was undertaken in countries such as Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Venezuela, and others.
Based on the product type, the global disinfectants market is segmented into oxidizing agents, phenolic, quaternary ammonium compounds, and aldehydes. Among product type, quaternary ammonium compounds segment is expected to witness fastest growth during the forecast period.
Quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs) act by irreversibly binding to phospholipids and proteins of the microbial cell membrane. They are effective against gram negative bacteria, gram positive bacteria, enveloped viruses, and fungi. It is most widely used in the disinfection of toilets, countertops, and other high touch surfaces, and floors.
Figure 3. Global Disinfectants Market Share (%), By End-Use Industry, 2019
On the basis of end-user industry, healthcare dominated the global disinfectants market in 2019 with around 56% of market share in terms of revenue, followed by food & beverages and chemical processing, respectively.
Global Disinfectants Market - Impact of Coronavirus (Covid-19) Pandemic
Governments in different countries are focusing on ensuring safety of the people and to enhance their medical facilities for treatment of Covid-19 infected patients. Rapid surge in medical expenditure and increasing awareness among consumers regarding hygiene products has provided a significant boost in the demand for clinical grade disinfectant from clinics, hospitals and other medical facility premises. This scenario is expected to foster the demand for disinfectants and the market is expected to witness a CAGR of around 15% during the ongoing pandemic.
Key Players operating in the global disinfectants market include Solvay S.A., Unilever Group, Evonik Industries AG, 3M Company, Procter & Gamble Corporation, DowDuPont Inc., Lanxess AG, BASF S.E., The Clorox Company, and Reckitt Benckiser Plc.
Disinfectants are chemical substances used for the destruction of harmful viruses and microbes such as fungi and bacteria. Owing to its distinctive features of microbiological sterilization, disinfectants are widely used in various end-use industries such as healthcare, hospitals and clinics, diagnostic laboratories, pharmaceuticals and others.
Steadily growing demand for water treatment is supporting growth of the global disinfectants market. As disinfectants are used in the water treatment process to limit effects of suspended solids, organic material, and other contaminants and to kill bacteria, parasites, and viruses. Disinfectants such as chlorine, chlorine dioxide, chloramines potassium permanganate, and peroxone are commonly used for water disinfection.
Increasing demand for the disinfectants from hospitals and clinics coupled with the increasing healthcare spending in the region is fuelling growth of the disinfectants market. Furthermore, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommends utilization of tablets containing disinfectants such as chlorine, iodine, chlorine dioxide, or disinfectants containing 6 or 8.25% of sodium hypochlorite for emergency disinfection of drinking water, which in turn is supporting the market growth.
Key features of the study:
“*” marked represents similar segmentation in other categories in the respective section.