Global Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery Market – Insights
Microbial enhanced oil recovery is a tertiary oil recovery technique used for additional or improve recovery of trapped oil from the well. The microbes used in microbial EOR techniques are biodegradable and therefore are considered environment friendly, as compared to other enhanced oil recovery techniques. This has resulted in an acceptance of this technology, worldwide.
The microbial enhanced oil recovery market is expected to gain significant traction, owing to rising R&D activities and deployment of projects on microbial enhanced oil recovery, globally. For instance, in 2018, ConocoPhillips along with its partners BP, Chevron, and Shell, deployed offshore Clair Ridge enhanced oil recovery project based on the principle of low salinity water injection.
However, due to nascent nature of the microbial EOR, other techniques such as thermal EOR and chemical EOR are used on a larger scale. Enhanced thermal oil recovery method is also called as Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD), whereby steam is injected into the reservoir, effectively liquefying the heavy bitumen, which is recovered and pumped to the surface for further processing.
Figure 1. Global Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery Market Share (%), By Injection Type, 2017
Source: Coherent Market Insights, 2017-18
Asia Pacific is anticipated to witness lucrative growth during the forecast period, owing to the rising imports of crude oil by the emerging economies such as India and China in order to meet the rising demand for crude oil. Moreover, these two economies are highly energy deficient and are reliant on imports. The imports of crude oil are majorly from Middle Eastern and African regions. Currently, Middle East caters to around 50% of China’s imports in 2016. The scenario is expected to sustain, as China struggles to diversify its imports. According to the Government of India, the country imported 109.09 million tons of crude oil from 10 Middle East nations in the 2015-16, which was 59% of the total oil imports.
Growing automobile and petrochemical industries in the region are propelling demand for crude oils. India is focused on diversifying oil imports and plans to reduce its dependence on the Middle East by increasing imports from Africa, as announced by India’s Oil Minister. As growth of microbial enhanced oil recovery market is dependent on oil consumption, long term consumption security ensures steady growth of microbial enhanced oil recovery market.
Onshore segment is expected to gain major traction, owing to increasing demand for high recovery rates from maturing wells, which in turn is expected to favor growth of the microbial enhanced oil recovery market in the near future.
Figure 2. Global Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery Market Share (%), By Region, 2017
Source: Coherent Market Insights, 2017-18
Key players operating in the global microbial enhanced oil recovery market are adopting various growth strategies such as partnerships & collaborations to expand their business. For instance, in June 2018, SOPAN, a player in the oil & gas sector in India, signed a service agreement with Titan Oil Recovery Inc. for providing organic oil recovery (OOR) solutions to the Indian oil production industry. Another collaboration by the same company in March, 2018, with Hunting PLC aimed to add organic oil recovery (OOR) to its list of TEK-Hub products and technologies focused on enhancing production.
Key players operating in the global microbial enhanced oil recovery market include National Energy Services Reunited Corp., Micro-Bac International Inc., RAM Biochemical, Inc., Titan Oil Recovery, Inc., Chemiphase Ltd., ConocoPhillips Company, and Microbial Energy Inc.
There are numerous techniques to recover the oil from well at different levels such as primary level recovery, secondary level recovery, and tertiary level recovery. Microbial enhanced oil recovery is a tertiary oil recovery technique used for additional or improve recovery of trapped oil from the well.
Microbial enhanced oil recovery technique would result in the increment of oil production and can also degrade heavy oils into lighter ones, which will act as an alternative approach to desulfurization technique, which makes fuel lighter by removing sulfur and removes heavy metal.
Increasing demand for oil and natural gas is driving growth of the microbial enhanced oil recovery market. As growth of microbial enhanced oil recovery market is dependent on oil consumption, long term consumption security will ensure steady growth of microbial enhanced oil recovery market. According to the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), the global oil consumption increased from 104 mboe/d to 268 mboe/d, an increase of 157% over the period 1970 to 2013. This rapid increase has been attributed to increasing consumption in emerging economies of India, China, and ASEAN. Furthermore, according to the OPEC, oil consumption increased by 49% from 268 mboe/d in 2013, to 399 mboe/d by 2040.
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“*” marked represents similar segmentation in other categories in the respective section.
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