The global acrylonitrile market size is projected to expand significantly in the near future, and grow at a CAGR of 3.8% over the forecast period (2019 - 2027).
Acrylonitrile is a volatile, clear liquid with a pungent odour, although, in the presence of impurities, it takes a faint yellow tint. Acrylonitrile is not a naturally occurring compound in the Earth's atmosphere, and is produced through catalytic ammoxidation of propylene. Its chemical formula is cCH2 CHCN, and it is classified as an organic compound owing to the presence of hydrogen atoms and carbon in its composition. Acrylonitrile can be polymerized into a substance called 'polyacrylonitrile', and the fibres of polyacrylonitrile can be used for producing a range of products such as fishing poles, bicycle frames, and tennis rackets.
Acrylonitrile has a wide range of industrial applications such as in the production of resins, rubber, elastomers, plastic, synthetic fibres, and carbon fibres used in the manufacture of drones, aircrafts and other equipment in the aerospace and defense industry. Demand for acrylonitrile is driven by the acrylic fiber industry, which is a key ingredient in the composition of acrylic fiber. Acrylic fibres are processed further into clothing (socks, hats, and sweaters), and are also used as precursors in the manufacture of carbon fibres which can be used in filtration systems and in the composite industry. In addition to acrylic fibres, acrylonitrile has another major application in the manufacturing of resins, thermoplastics, and rubber. The compound also has the ability to provide durability, heat resistance, and strength for application in end use industries such as construction, consumer goods, automotive, and wastewater treatment. The global acrylonitrile market is expected to be driven by significant demand from the construction industry in the near future. Also, growing awareness regarding wastewater treatment is likely to result in increasing consumption of acrylonitrile products in the industry.
However, factors such as occupational hazards associated with acrylonitrile are expected to hamper growth of the market. Exposure (inhalation or oral) to acrylonitrile has been found to cause nausea, headaches, impaired judgment, respiratory issues, and dizziness resulting from irritation of the mucous membranes. Studies suggest that acrylonitrile may be a potential human carcinogen and increase chances of lung and prostate cancer. Moreover, it is highly inflammable and toxic at low doses which poses an environmental risks. These factors are estimated to restrict the market growth over the forecast period.
Asia Pacific is projected to witness the highest growth in terms of market share owing to the growing construction and automotive industries in countries such as China and India. Furthermore, there is a large demand for acrylic resins from countries such as Japan, India, China, and other emerging nations such as Taiwan and Malaysia. Europe is expected to emerge as the second largest market for acrylonitrile, owing to high demand for acrylonitrile from Western Europe. Growth of the automobile industry in Europe is another contributing factor to the overall growth of the acrylonitrile market in the region. Presence of industries such as pharmaceuticals and composite, as well as high demand for wastewater treatment in North America is expected to facilitate growth of the acrylonitrile market in the region. Currently, U.S. is leading the demand for acrylonitrile, however Canada is likely to reveal greater demand over the span of the next few years.
Key players in the market include Sinopec, DSM, Mitsubishi Corporation, Ascend Performance Materials, INEOS Group AG, and Asahi Kasei Chemicals among others.
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