Chlorine Market - Global Industry Insights, Trends, Outlook, and Opportunity Analysis, 2016–2024

Chlorine, discovered in 1774, is a yellow-green gas at room temperature, highly reactive and belongs to a halogen family and thus a salt-forming element. It is usually available in uncombined form but tends to bond with other elements. Chlorine is as heavy as air, has an intensely choking odor and is extremely poisonous due to which it was used in chemical warfare in World War I. It is extracted from chlorides through mining and electrolysis. In its solid and liquid form it is a powerful oxidizing, disinfecting, and bleaching agent. It is also majorly used in the production of water pipes, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) frames, car interiors, electrical wiring insulation, blood bags, vinyl flooring, textiles, plastics, and petroleum products. Chlorine is used as a disinfectants for water disinfection. Chlorine can also be used for the defusing of most microorganisms and is comparatively cheap. It is a key nutrient, vital for human metabolism and consumed as a common salt.

Global Chlorine Market Taxonomy

The global chlorine market is classified on the basis of the following segments:

  • By product type
    • Ethylene dichloride (EDC)/Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
    • Organic chemicals
    • Inorganic chemicals
    • Chlorinated intermediaries
    • C1/C2 aromatics
    • Isocyanates
    • Polypropylene
    • Others
  • By end-use industry
    • Water treatment
    • Pharmaceutical
    • Chemical
    • Paper & Pulp
    • Plastic
    • Pesticides
    • Others
  • By production process
    • Mercury cell process
    • Membrane cell process
    • Diaphragm process
    • Others

Prevalent Scenario in Chlorine Market

The market for chlorine expands with the Increasing demands of plastics, automobile, construction and the flourishing chemical industry, makes Asia-Pacific an appealing market and also marks it as the fastest growing market for chlorine around the world. China is the largest consumer for chlorine commodities. Above 80% of chlorine produced around the world is used as a solvent in pharmaceuticals industry.  According to a report by Cision PR Newswire, “ Due to increase in requirement of EDC/PVC, the chlorine market is predicted to observe a CAGR of 4.9% between 2014 and 2019 , and is expected to produce a global market value of $33,362 million by 2019.“ According to a report by the World Chlorine Council (WCC), about 60 metric tons of chlorine is produced annually.Cost-effectiveness whereas the increasing regulations are the two major features that are increasing competition amid producers and observing a rise in strategic associations. Increasing scarcity of water and its cost across many regions around the world have followed into increasing requirement for water curing industry. Chlorine and chlorine dioxide are considerably used in pulp & paper industry as bleaching agents in the paper making process.

Though, the risk of transporting and handling chlorine due its greatly combustive nature is a barrier for global chlorine market. Rising environmental concerns such as reduction of the ozone layer from many pronounced end uses for chlorine have restraint the demand for the product. It also emits great amount of mercury and also consumes major amount of electricity. Thus manufacturing process leads to various environmental regulations, which in turn hinder the growth of global chlorine market. Manufacturers of chlorine are finding alternative technologies for its production, taking into consideration of the agreements imposed by the international authorities as well as the government. The manufacturers are focusing on developing technology of producing chlorine by membrane-based technology, reducing the influence on environment.

Fragmented Market

The global chlorine market is highly fragmented due to the presence of many established and local players across the world. Major players involved in the market include Occidental Petroleum Corporation (U.S.), The Dow Chemical Company (U.S.), Tata Chemicals Limited (India), BASF SE (Germany), Hanwha Chemical Corporation (Korea), Ineos Group Ltd. (U.K.), Tosoh Corporation (Japan), PPG Industries (U.S.), Formosa Plastics Corporation (Taiwan), Olin Corporation (U.S.) and others.

Research Methodology

Coherent Market Insights followsa comprehensive research methodology focused on providing the most precise market analysis. The company leverages a data triangulation model which helps company to gauge the market dynamics and provide accurate estimates. Key components of the research methodologies followed for all our market reports include:

  • Primary Research (Trade Surveys and Experts Interviews)
  • Desk Research
  • Proprietor Data Analytics Model

In addition to this, Coherent Market Insights has access to a wide range of the regional and global reputed paid data bases, which helps the company to figure out the regional and global market trends and dynamics. The company analyses the industry from the 360 Degree Perspective i.e. from the Supply Side and Demand Side which enables us to provide granular details of the entire ecosystem for each study. Finally, a Top-Down approach and Bottom-Up approach is followed to arrive at ultimate research findings.


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Coherent Market Insights desk research is based on a principle set of research techniques:

  • National level desk research: It Includes research analysis of regional players, regional regulatory bodies, regional trade associations, and regional organization.
  • Multinational level desk research: The research team keeps a track of multinational players, global regulatory bodies, global trade associations, and global organization.

Coherent Market Insights has a large amount of in-house repository of industry database. This is leveraged as a burner for initiating a new research study. Key secondary sources include:

  • Governmental bodies, National and international social welfare institutions, and organizations creating economic policies among others.
  • Trade association, National and international media and trade press.
  • Company Annual reports, SEC filings, Corporate Presentations, press release, news, and specification sheet of manufacturers, system integrators, brick and mortar - distributors and retailers, and third party online commerce players.
  • Scientific journals, and other technical magazines and whitepapers.
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Preliminary Data Mining

The raw data is obtained through the secondary findings, in house repositories, and trade surveys. It is then filtered to ensure that the relevant information including industry dynamics, trends, and outlook is retained for further research process.

Data Standardization:

Holistic approach is used to ensure that the granular and uncommon parameters are taken into consideration to ensure accurate results. The information from the paid databases are further combined to the raw data in order to standardize it.

Coherent Statistical model

We arrive at our final research findings through simulation models. Coherent Data Analytics Model is a statistical tool that helps company to forecast market estimates. Few of the parameters considered as a part of the statistical model include:

  • Micro-economic indicators
  • Macro-economic indicators
  • Environmental indicators
  • Socio-political indicators
  • Technology indicators

Data Processing

Once the findings are derived from the statistical model, large volume of data is process to confirm accurate research results. Data analytics and processing tools are adopted to process large chunk of collected informative data. In case, a client customizes the study during the process, the research finding till then are benchmarked, and the process for new research requirement is initiated again.

Data Validation

This is the most crucial stage of the research process. Primary Interviews are conducted to validate the data and analysis. This helps in achieving the following purposes:

  • It provides first-hand information on the market dynamics, outlook, and growth parameters.
  • Industry experts validates the estimates which helps the company to cement the on-going research study.
  • Primary research includes online surveys, face-to face interviews, and telephonic interviews.

The primary research is conducted with the ecosystem players including, but not limited to:

  • Raw Material Suppliers
  • Manufacturers
  • System Integrators
  • Distributors
  • End-users

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