Chlorine Market - Global Industry Insights, Trends, Outlook, and Opportunity Analysis, 2016–2024

Chlorine Market Overview

Chlorine is a yellow-green gas at room temperature, naturally available in uncombined nature. Sodium chloride is a common mineral mined for chlorine. The major sources for mining sodium chloride are ocean and sea beds. Chlorine has also been found in the minerals such as magnesium chloride and potassium chloride. Commercially, chlorine is produced by electrolysis of solution of sodium chloride and water. It is widely used for manufacturing bleaches, disinfectants, and reagents for various processes in the chemicals industry. It is also majorly used in manufacturing of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) for window frames, car interiors, electrical wiring insulation, water pipes, blood bags and vinyl flooring. According to the World Chlorine Council (WCC), approximately 60 metric tons of chlorine is produced annually. Chlorine at higher concentrations is extremely dangerous and becomes a poisonous gas, which was used in a chemical warfare in World War I. Chlorine is also a key nutrient essential for human metabolism. The main dietary source for human consumption of chlorine is common table salt.

Global Chlorine Market Taxonomy

The global chlorine market is classified on the basis of the following segments:

  • By product type
    • Ethylene dichloride (EDC)/Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
    • Organic chemicals
    • Inorganic chemicals
    • Chlorinated intermediaries
    • C1/C2 aromatics
    • Isocyanates
    • Polypropylene
    • Others
  • By end-use industry
    • Water treatment
    • Pharmaceutical
    • Chemical
    • Paper & Pulp
    • Plastic
    • Pesticides
    • Others
  • By production process
    • Mercury cell process
    • Membrane cell process
    • Diaphragm process
    • Others

Prevalent Scenario in Chlorine Market

Rapidly increasing industries such as construction, automotive, composite manufacturing applications across the world, especially in Asia-Pacific region is the major driving factor for the global chlorine market. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is the key material used in manufacturing plastics that are widely used in automobile and construction industry. Chlorine is also widely used as solvent in the pharmaceuticals industry. Over 80% of chlorine produced in the world is used in pharmaceutical applications. Rising water costs and increasing scarcity of water across many regions across the world have resulted into increasing demand for water treatment industry. Of the total chlorine produced in the world, more than 90% of the chlorine is used for treating water in the water treatment plants. Chlorine and chlorine dioxide are significantly used in paper & pulp industry as bleaching agents during the paper making process. The production of chlorine consumes significant amounts of electricity and also emits large amounts of mercury, which leads to adverse effects on environment. Thus, production process of chlorine is subject to various environmental regulations. The production of chlorine involves high costs and also the stringent regulations put on the production processes hamper growth of the global chlorine market. Manufacturers of chlorine are focusing on developing alternative technologies for production of chlorine considering the strict compliances imposed by the government and international authorities. The industry is undergoing a technological shift from mercury cell technology to membrane-based production of chlorine, reducing the impact on environment. The emerging economies and high growth markets of automobile, construction, and packaging attributes the Asia-Pacific region to account for the major market share in the global chlorine market. Technological advancements in the production processes of chlorine have resulted in the substantial growth of chlorine market in North America. The key players are focusing on safe and economical production of chlorine in compliance to the regulations especially in the European region.

Fragmented Market

The global chlorine market is highly fragmented due to the presence of many established and local players across the world. Major players involved in the market include Occidental Petroleum Corporation (U.S.), The Dow Chemical Company (U.S.), Tata Chemicals Limited (India), BASF SE (Germany), Hanwha Chemical Corporation (Korea), Ineos Group Ltd. (U.K.), Tosoh Corporation (Japan), PPG Industries (U.S.), Formosa Plastics Corporation (Taiwan), Olin Corporation (U.S.) and others.

Research Methodology

Coherent Market Insights followsa comprehensive research methodology focused on providing the most precise market analysis. The company leverages a data triangulation model which helps company to gauge the market dynamics and provide accurate estimates. Key components of the research methodologies followed for all our market reports include:

  • Primary Research (Trade Surveys and Experts Interviews)
  • Desk Research
  • Proprietor Data Analytics Model

In addition to this, Coherent Market Insights has access to a wide range of the regional and global reputed paid data bases, which helps the company to figure out the regional and global market trends and dynamics. The company analyses the industry from the 360 Degree Perspective i.e. from the Supply Side and Demand Side which enables us to provide granular details of the entire ecosystem for each study. Finally, a Top-Down approach and Bottom-Up approach is followed to arrive at ultimate research findings.


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Coherent Market Insights desk research is based on a principle set of research techniques:

  • National level desk research: It Includes research analysis of regional players, regional regulatory bodies, regional trade associations, and regional organization.
  • Multinational level desk research: The research team keeps a track of multinational players, global regulatory bodies, global trade associations, and global organization.

Coherent Market Insights has a large amount of in-house repository of industry database. This is leveraged as a burner for initiating a new research study. Key secondary sources include:

  • Governmental bodies, National and international social welfare institutions, and organizations creating economic policies among others.
  • Trade association, National and international media and trade press.
  • Company Annual reports, SEC filings, Corporate Presentations, press release, news, and specification sheet of manufacturers, system integrators, brick and mortar - distributors and retailers, and third party online commerce players.
  • Scientific journals, and other technical magazines and whitepapers.
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Preliminary Data Mining

The raw data is obtained through the secondary findings, in house repositories, and trade surveys. It is then filtered to ensure that the relevant information including industry dynamics, trends, and outlook is retained for further research process.

Data Standardization:

Holistic approach is used to ensure that the granular and uncommon parameters are taken into consideration to ensure accurate results. The information from the paid databases are further combined to the raw data in order to standardize it.

Coherent Statistical model

We arrive at our final research findings through simulation models. Coherent Data Analytics Model is a statistical tool that helps company to forecast market estimates. Few of the parameters considered as a part of the statistical model include:

  • Micro-economic indicators
  • Macro-economic indicators
  • Environmental indicators
  • Socio-political indicators
  • Technology indicators

Data Processing

Once the findings are derived from the statistical model, large volume of data is process to confirm accurate research results. Data analytics and processing tools are adopted to process large chunk of collected informative data. In case, a client customizes the study during the process, the research finding till then are benchmarked, and the process for new research requirement is initiated again.

Data Validation

This is the most crucial stage of the research process. Primary Interviews are conducted to validate the data and analysis. This helps in achieving the following purposes:

  • It provides first-hand information on the market dynamics, outlook, and growth parameters.
  • Industry experts validates the estimates which helps the company to cement the on-going research study.
  • Primary research includes online surveys, face-to face interviews, and telephonic interviews.

The primary research is conducted with the ecosystem players including, but not limited to:

  • Raw Material Suppliers
  • Manufacturers
  • System Integrators
  • Distributors
  • End-users

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