Ammunition is the material fired, dropped, shattered, or detonated from any weapon. Ammunition or ammo is gunpowder which is used to project force against a chosen target. It is used in weapons, propellants, explosives, high explosive projectiles, cartridge systems, carrier projectiles, small arms ammunition, grenades, mines, and pyrotechnics, terminally guided munitions and improved conventional munitions, among others. Ammunition is both expendable weapons and the component parts of other weapons that create an effect on a target. All mechanical weapons require some type of ammunition to operate. Improvements, upgrades, and replacements are continuously being engineered as feedback concerning functionality is received from the battleground.
The global ammunition market is estimated to be valued at US$ 10,407.57 million in 2021 and is expected to exhibit a CAGR of 1.31% over the forecast period (2021-2028).
In March 2021, Nexter group KNDS has launched 120 SHARD ammunition. SHARD, the new generation of APFSDS (Armor-Piercing Fin Stabilized Discarding Sabot) 120mm anti-tank ammunition.
In July 2020, Northrop Grumman Corporation, has received a contract from the U.S. Army’s Project Manager for Maneuver Ammunition Systems.
In March 2020, U.S. Army has purchased BONUS munitions, that are manufactured by BAE Systems and Nexter. BONUS is a 155-millimeter munition that are specially designed for destroying armored targets.
Figure 1. Global Ammunition Market Value (US$ Mn), by Region, 2020
Europe held dominant position in the global mobile phone accessories market in 2020, accounting for 34.7% share in terms of Value, followed by North America and Asia Pacific, respectively.
Market Dynamics- Drivers
Constant modernization of programs is expected to drive growth of the global ammunition market during the forecast period
Various countries are undergoing modernization, in order to upgrade and replace its outdated devices. The primary objective of this program is to improve the versatility, capability, and agility of the armed forces so as to meet contemporary challenges. For instance, in 2007, the Indian Air Force began upgrading its MiG-29 fleet. For this purpose, in 2008, India entered into an US$ 865 million agreement with Russia to upgrade its air superiority MiG-29 into multi-role MiG-29UPG standard warplanes. Moreover, in November 2013, the U.S announced that it was keen to enter into a partnership with India for a defense modernization program. Therefore, these factors are expected to drive growth of the market during the forecast period.
Rising conflicts among neighboring nations are expected to propel the global ammunition market growth over the forecast period
Over the years, there have been constant conflicts among numerous neighboring countries, which has increased the demand for the new ammunition. For instance, recent conflicts such as the South Sudan conflict which began in December 2013, the Central African Republic conflict in 2012, and Iraqi insurgency among others have created a need for ammunition. Such conflicts are difficult to end and hence a lot of ammunition is required. Thus, these factors are expected to propel the global ammunition market growth over the forecast period.
Technological development can present lucrative growth opportunities
Technological developments have overcome various problems faced with conventional weapons. New weapons are a lot better and load faster with more energy and can conserve more space and weight, making them more reliable than ever. So far, there have been developments in cartridges such as smokeless powder, self-contained cartridges, and necked cartridges. Advances in gun metallurgy and better propellant formulations have encouraged the creation of cartridges that produce high velocities from a smaller case and operate at high pressures.
Growing precision in ammunition can provide major business opportunities
Earlier ammunition lacked precision. Hence, measures were taken to enhance precision. Some of the other possibilities for future development of ammunition include the use of liquid propellants, either injected from a separate compartment or enclosed in cartridges. Moreover, it is also expected that developments of projectile materials other than lead would take place. As lead used in ammunition, contaminates the environment, measures are being taken to replace it with other projectile materials such as copper.
|Base Year:||2020||Market Size in 2021:||US$ 10,387.9 Mn|
|Historical Data for:||2017 to 2020||Forecast Period:||2021 to 2028|
|Forecast Period 2021 to 2028 CAGR:||1.31%||2028 Value Projection:||US$ 11,489.3 Mn|
Poongsan Corporation, Alliant Techsystems, Inc., MaxamCorp Holding, S.L., BAE Systems plc, Nexter Group, Denel SoC Ltd., Rheinmetall AG, Diehl Stiftung & Co. KG, CBC Group, and Hellenic Defense Systems S.A. (EBO-PYRKAL)
|Restraints & Challenges:||
Development of lightweight ammunition
Measures such as the development of lightweight ammunition are taking place in order to reduce soldier load. The U.S Department of Defense is making efforts to reduce ammunition weight carried by soldiers on the battlefield. One of the initiatives taken by them is the Lightweight Small Arms Technologies program through which they aim to provide lightweight ammunition and weapons to the forces. Infantry soldiers are required to carry heavy arms and ammunition for a longer duration on the battlefield which affects their fighting capabilities. This program intends to provide soldiers with light-weight ammunition, which includes light-weight machine guns. For instance, the new advanced light machine gun designed by AAI Corporation makes use of 5.56 mm ammo.
Precision munition finding growing usage
Warfare techniques have undergone noteworthy changes during the past decade, owing to a rise in counter-terrorism, guerilla warfare, and counter-insurgency operations in several countries. Hence, with the rising occurrences of asymmetric conflicts by terrorists, rebel forces, and insurgents, the armed forces are finding newer ways to counterbalance the enemy with newer ammunition. Precision munitions are weapons used by militaries in places where greater accuracy is required. For instance, Guided Multiple Launched Rocket System, XM395 precision mortar and Excalibur are examples of precision munitions.
Figure 2. Global Ammunition Market Share, By Application, 2020
Key Takeaways of the Graph:
Market Dynamics- Restraints
Budget reductions in Europe and the U.S. are expected to restrain growth of the global ammunition market growth over the forecast period
There have been considerable budget cuts in developed regions such as Europe and the U.S. This has affected the military budget and hence the ammunition market. For instance, in 2012, the U.S military spending declined from US$711 billion to US$ 668 billion. Hence, due to such budget cuts, it becomes difficult for countries to stay updated through mediums such as modernization programs. Thus, these factors are expected to restrain growth of the global ammunition market during the forecast period.
A major impact of arms trade treaty is expected to hinder the global ammunition market growth over the forecast period
In December 2014, the United Nations (UN) imposed the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), which regulates international trade in conventional weapons. As a result of this, the demand for ammunition is significantly hindered. Hence, these factors are expected to hinder the global ammunition market growth in the near future.
Key players operating in the global ammunition market are Poongsan Corporation, Alliant Techsystems, Inc., MaxamCorp Holding, S.L., BAE Systems plc, Nexter Group, Denel SoC Ltd., Rheinmetall AG, Diehl Stiftung & Co. KG, CBC Group, and Hellenic Defense Systems S.A. (EBO-PYRKAL).
Key companies in the market are focused on product development, in order to expand the product portfolio. For instance, in February 2020, Nexter Group introduced its artillery ammunition, land ammunition, and naval ammunition at DEDEXPO exhibition in India.
Major market players are involved in product launches, in order to gain a competitive edge in the market. For instance, in January 2020, Rheinmetall Denel Munition, a subsidiary of Rheinmetall AG, introduced 40mm grenades and 155 mm artillery rounds.
There are several major types of ammunition: rifled firearms cartridges, shotgun shells, pistol rounds, machine gun cartridges, repeating shotguns, pistol ammo, shotgun ammo, rifle ammo, subsonic (also known as sonic) rounds, cannon ball rounds, shot guns, anti-personnel mines, naval shell points, shrapnel, fuse sticks, land mines, flare pits, time fuses, tracer rounds, and boar shoots. Rifled firearms cartridges are made by repeating machine gun cartridges, which are also known as repeating rifles. Common designs for rifled firearms cartridges include repeating rifles chambered in 6mm Remington cartridges or calibers. This kind of ammunition is relatively inexpensive. Recreating historic rifles requires high quality gun powder, bullet, primer, powder mixture, cleaning rod, and barrel. Many times, one must have the proper license before making, firing, or transporting any type of ammunition.
Small arms have a few different varieties of ammunition that differ from rifles in shape and size. Usually, these ammunition are shot or fired at the target from small arms such as handguns. Common designs for small arms include shot gun powder, pistol powder, spring air soft rounds, soft point, and other small arms ammunition. Often, the ammunition is inert and designed to be impact-damaged instead of exploding like the case with rifle cartridges. Common designs for the ammunition used in the small arms weapons include pistol, standard ammunition, pistol autos, antique ammunition, rimless pistol rifles, bulldog cartridges, small arms cartridges, hollow-point rounds, and others.
Development and launch of hands-free reloading solutions is expected to propel growth of the global ammunition market over the forecast period. For instance, in August 2021, RCBS, the manufacturer of ammunition reloading equipment for rifles and pistols, launched the new ChargeMaster Link powder dispenser.
Major players in the global ammunition market are focused on launching new products to expand their product portfolio. For instance, in August 2021, Federal Ammunition launched new Federal Premium High Over All shotshell product line.
Key features of the study: