B-Cell Maturation Antigen (BCMA) Targeted Therapy – An innovative therapy for multiple myeloma
Multiple myeloma (MM) refers to a clonal plasma cell malignant neoplasm that is observed in the soft, spongy tissue of the bone marrow. The plasma cells are a crucial part of the immune system, which helps to fight against various types of infections and several other diseases. Multiple myeloma is a type of cancer formed by malignant plasma cells and characterized by low blood counts, renal failure, hypercalcemia, immune suppression, monoclonal gammopathy, and anemia. Moreover, multiple myeloma remains as an incurable disease. According to the American Cancer Society, in 2017, an estimated 30,280 adults (17,490 men and 12,790 women) in the U.S. will be diagnosed with multiple myeloma and 12,590 deaths (6,660 men and 5,930 women) will occur in U.S. in 2017 due to multiple myeloma disease. According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information 2014, multiple myeloma represents 8.2% of all blood cancers in Africa.
B-Cell maturation antigen (BCMA) is a cell surface protein that is expressed on the malignant plasma cells. The expression profiles exhibited by TACI and BAFF-R are comparatively lower than that of the BCMA in multiple myeloma patients. Also, these antigens are hardly detected in the malignant plasma cells thus suggesting BCMA to be a standard choice over the other targeting antigens. The expression of BCMA gradually increases with the progression from normal Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance (MUGA) to smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM) to active multiple myeloma. This unique expression profile is exhibited only by the BCMA cells as they have a very restricted expression pattern and are unexpressed in normal human tissues. BCMA-target therapy has thus gained traction for cancer treatment and will be the choice of treatment especially for multiple myeloma. BCMA possess co-immunoprecipitation property with a master transcription factor (IRF-4) that are mediated for myeloma cell survival. BCMA targeted therapies actively involve three major types of immunotherapies on the basis of product class namely, chimeric antigen receptor T-cells (CAR T Cells), bispecific antibodies, and antibody drug conjugates (ADCs).
However, high cost involved in multiple combinational drug as well as maintenance therapy is expected to hinder growth of the BCMA targeted therapies market.
Key players in the market are focused on product development and conducting preclinical and clinical trials to assess the efficacy of these products mainly through the safety profile offered by these therapies.
Fig. 1. B-Cell Maturation Antigen (BCMA) targeted pipeline products
Increasing number of pipeline products is expected to boost growth of the B-cell maturation Antigen (BCMA) targeted therapies market
Market players are actively investing in research and development of novel multiple myeloma therapies. These therapies include chimeric antigen receptor T cells, antibody-drug conjugate, and Bi-specific antibodies. For instance, GlaxoSmithKline Plc. (GSK2857916) is developing the antibody drug conjugate drug for relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma and other advanced hematologic malignancies expressing BCMA. The robust pipeline of therapies for the treatment of multiple myeloma is expected to boost growth of the B-cell maturation Antigen (BCMA) targeted therapies market.
Increasing number of recurring cases of multiple myeloma is expected to drive growth of the B-cell maturation Antigen (BCMA) targeted therapies market
The patients undergoing chemotherapy and radiation therapy are at high risk of recurrence of cancer as they develop resistance to these therapy. At present there are no treatment options for patients with recurrent cancer and hence the BCMA targeted therapies provide breakthrough therapeutic options for the treatment of relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, where the existing treatment modalities have proved to be clinically inefficient.
Key players operating in the development of B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) targeted therapies market are Celgene Corporation, GlaxoSmithKline plc., Novartis AG, Juno Therapeutics, Gilead Sciences. Inc., Amgen Inc., Affimed N.V, Poseida Therapeutics, Inc., and Autolus Ltd.
Recurrence of multiple myeloma has been a highly prevalent health condition, which requires novel and effective immunotherapeutic treatment. According to Leukemia Research by Elsevier, as of 2014, the incidence of multiple myeloma is estimated to be around 120,000 cases per year, with a global prevalence of over one million cases. B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA), is a cell surface protein that is expressed on the malignant plasma cells. This cell surface protein has emerged as a very selective antigen targeted therapy for the treatment of multiple myeloma. BCMA targeted therapies actively involve three major types of immunotherapies on the basis of product class namely, chimeric antigen receptor T-cells (CAR T Cells), bispecific antibodies, and antibody drug conjugates (ADCs). These advanced therapies are expected to improve the survival rate of multiple myeloma patients.
Increasing prevalence of multiple myeloma is expected to favor the B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) targeted therapies market worldwide. According to the American Cancer Society, U.S., in 2016, the lifetime risk for multiple myeloma was around 1 in 143 people, with an estimated 30,280 adults (17,490 men and 12,790 women) diagnosed with multiple myeloma. The mortality rate of the disease was estimated to be 12,590 (6,660 men and 5,930 women) in 2016. Key players are actively involved in the development of immunotherapies targeting BCMA for the treatment of multiple myeloma, the demand for which is expected to increase, This in turn, is expected to boost development of novel treatments for relapsed or refractory myeloma. Furthermore, patients undergoing existing drug therapies are prone to the risk of relapse. Hence, B-cell maturation antigen targeted therapy, which primarily addresses this concern is expected to gain rapid traction.
This report segments the global B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) targeted therapies market on the basis on product type, indication, and regions. On the basis of product type, the market is segmented into antibody drug conjugates, CAR-T cells, bispecific antibodies. On the basis of indication, the market is segmented into acute lymphoblastic leukemia and multiple myeloma. For comprehensive understanding of market dynamics, the global B-cell Maturation Antigen (BCMA) targeted therapies market is analyzed across key geographical regions namely, North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Africa, and Middle East. Each of these regions is analyzed on the basis of market findings across major countries in these regions for a macro-level understanding of the market.
Key Features of the Study:
“*” marked represents similar segmentation in other categories in the respective section.
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