Propyl chloroformate is a colorless lachrymator liquid with a pungent odor, which is also known as chloroformate n-propyl ester. It is prepared by the reaction of liquid anhydrous alcohol (n-propyl alcohol) with excess of dry, chlorine free phosgene gas at low temperatures and low molecular weight alkyl chlorofomates. Commercial grade propyl chloroformate have concentration range between 97% and 99%.
Propyl chloroformate is used as a derivatization reagent in quantification of serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine in human urine by solid phase micro extraction-gas chromatography-triple quadruple mass spectrometry.
Propyl chloroformate is also used as a chemical building block for the synthesis of specialty chemicals. These specialty chemicals are used in pharmaceutical, agrochemical, and personal care applications. Propyl chloroformate is used as a flotation agent and organic synthesis reagents. N-propyl chloroformate is the intermediate of the fungicide Promecarb, Frucco. It possess acute toxicity and health hazard such as strong irritation effect on eyes, skin, mucous membranes and respiratory tract, may cause death after inhalation, oral administration or skin absorption. After inhalation, it can cause phlegm, edema, chemical pneumonia, and pulmonary edema.
The versatility of phosgene derivatives is useful in pharmaceuticals as well as polymer industry. Phosgene derived chloroformates are reactive chemical species that are employed as key building blocks in many diverse downstream applications.
Propyl Chloroformate Market Outlook
Key Players in Global Propyl Chloroformate Market
On the basis of application, the global propyl chloroformate market is segmented into:
On the basis of region, the global propyl chloroformate market is segmented into:
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