Polymers and Resins

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Polymers are synthetic long-chain compounds that act as the basic building blocks of the chemical industry. These are mainly derived from one or more monomers such as styrene, vinyl chloride, propylene, and ethylene and are made up of repeating structural units of monomers, which are bonded to each other with covalent bonds to form a polymer. There are mainly two types of polymers; addition polymers and condensation polymers. Resins are both synthetic and natural organic compounds, comprising of mainly viscous and non-crystalline liquids. Synthetic resins are used as monomers to form a polymer. Synthetic resins are more uniform and stable compared to natural resins, and are mainly used to manufacture plastics, paints, and many other products. Natural resins are mainly derived from plant sources such as myrrhand aloe, and find major application in medicines, incense, and perfumes. Over time though, natural resins have almost been replaced by synthetic resins due to the superior chemical and physical properties of the former. Synthetic resins are widely used in production of epoxy, acetal, phenolic, acrylic, polyesters, amino, and others. These resins are also used in the manufacture of various end products such as paints, plastics, adhesives, coatings, composites, and inks.

Polymers are derived from one or more monomers or resins. These building block monomers or resins are majorly derived from crude oil or natural gas, and are now increasingly derived from bio-based sources. These resins offer excellent mechanical, molding, chemical, and other properties. On the basis of their various iterations, polymers and resins are broadly classified as thermosets, commodity thermoplastics, thermoplastic elastomers, and engineering resins.

Thermosets are those which act as a finished product and cannot be recycled by heat. These include epoxy, melamine, phenolic, polyurethane, and urea resins. These polymer resins are mainly used in building and construction furniture, appliance, transportation, adhesives, electrical/electronic, ink, and coatings end-use industries. The major applications include laminates, wiring devices, plywood and other structural panels, carpet, refrigerator insulation, buttons and knobs, flooring, panels, tanks, boat hulls, and shower-stalls.

Commodity thermoplastics are polymers that can be recycled by heat and can be hardened by cooling in their final state as a finished product. The most commonly used commodity thermoplastics are polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, and polyvinyl chloride (PVC). The building and construction, consumer/institutional, transportation, electrical/electronic, and furniture/furnishing are the key end-use industries which use polymer resins in various applications such as automotive trim and parts, appliance parts, electronic storage media, bags, wrap, bottles, drums and containers, toys, pipe, siding, fishing line, carpeting, wire and cable, medical disposables, egg cartons, insulation, and various other applications.

Engineering polymers & resins are a subset of thermoplastic polymers that have high-performance mechanical, thermal, electrical and chemical properties and are often used in applications to replace metals. These polymers & resins include acetal, fluoropolymer, polycarbonate, polyphenylene sulfide, and other resins. The automotive, electrical/electronic, and consumer industries which use these polymers & resins in various applications such as valves, faucets, zippers, wire and cable jacketing, non-stick coatings, microwave cookware, appliance and electronics housings, hair dryers, bearings, gears, and others.

In recent past, the polymers & resins are replacing conventional materials such as metals, glass, and wood due to their light weight, superior strength design flexibility, and lower cost. This has led to their widespread use in end use industries such as packaging, automotive, building & construction, and electronics. The global polymer industry is growing at a Y-o-Y rate of 4% from 2013. The demand for polymers is primarily driven by growth of the automotive, packaging, building & construction, electronics, transport rails, and telecommunication industries among others.

Increasing application of engineered polymers in various end-use industry such as construction, automotive, and industrial manufacturing equipment are driving growth of the global polymers & resins market. Rapid demand for polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene in packaging and automotive industries is a key factor driving the growth of the polymer & resins market. Rising consumption of polyethylene terephthalate (PET), and poly-vinyl chloride (PVC) in the manufacture of bottles & beverages, as well as application of polycarbonate, PVC, polyethylene, and polymethacrylate (PMMA) in manufacturing greenhouse coverings are expected to drive demand for thermoplastics in the polymers & resins market.

The plastics industry is the largest consumer of polymers and resins across the globe. The global polymer industry consumes raw materials worth half trillion U.S. dollars per year and transforms them into plastics products valued over US$1 trillion. Around 4% of petroleum produced across the world is used to make plastic components. Plastics have found application in several end-use industries such as transportation, construction, health care, food products, telecommunications, and consumer goods. The per capita plastic consumption reached 100 kilograms in Western Europe and North America. While the average per capita consumption in Asia was 20 kg per person. Manufacturers are focusing on setting up production facilities in Asia to capitalize owing to higher growth opportunities in the region owing to presence of the rapidly expanding economies such as India and China. The region produced around half of the global plastics in 2013, with China alone producing nearly a quarter of the world’s plastic. Packaging is the major end-use application for plastic and is primarily used in consumer and household products such as appliances, toys, plastic cutlery, and furniture; for pipes, window and door frames, roofing, and siding in the construction sector; and in the food and beverage sector for plastic bottles, containers, and film among others.

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Polymers and Resins Published Insights

Coherent Market Insights

Melamine Formaldehyde Market, by Application (Tableware, Laminates, Paints & Coatings, Adhesives, Sanitary Ware, Electrical & House, Others), and by Region (North America, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Middle East & Africa )- Size, Share, Outlook, and Opportunity Analysis, 2022 - 2030

Published Date : Oct 2022

Melamine formaldehyde is a hard polymer that appears white in color. It is one of the hardest polymers due to its thermosetting plastic properties. It has excellent UV, chemical, moisture, and thermal resistance properties. Table tops, wood adhesives, surface coatings... View more

Coherent Market Insights

Synthetic & Bio-based Adipic Acid Market, By Application (Nylon 6,6 fiber, Nylon 6,6 resin, Polyurethanes, Adipate esters, Others), and By Region (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, MEA) - Size, Share, Outlook, and Opportunity Analysis, 2020 - 2027

Published Date : Jul 2020

Adipic acid is an important raw material used in the production of industrial fiber such as Nylon 6.6. Adipic acid is basically produced by using various raw materials such as cyclohexane, benzene, a... View more

Coherent Market Insights

PP Homopolymer Market, By Process Technology (Injection moulding, Film, Other extrusion, Fibers, Others), By End Use (Packaging (Flexible Packaging, Rigid Packaging), Automotive, Consumer Product, Textile Industry, Electrical and Electronics, Building and Construction, Others), and By Region (North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa) - Size, Share, Outlook, and Opportunity Analysis, 2020 - 2027

Published Date : Jun 2020

PP homopolymer is majorly used in the plastic manufacturing industry to produce various household, electrical, automotive, packaging, medical, and other products that incorporate plastic. This polymer provides high strength to weight ratio and better chemical resistan... View more

Coherent Market Insights

Cosmetic Botanical Extracts Market, by Form (Powder and Liquid), by Application (Skin Care and Hair Care), by Source (Herbs, Roots, Flowers, Fruits, and Others), and by Region (North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East, and Africa) – Size, Share, Outlook, and Opportunity Analysis, 2022-2028

Published Date : Dec 2022

Botanical extracts are extracted from plant and are rich in amino acids, vitamins, and minerals. These add refreshing, healing, cooling, and balancing properties to cosmetic products for skin care and hair c... View more

Coherent Market Insights

Metallocene LLDPE Market- by End Use (Film (Heavy & Medium Duty Bags, Stretch Film, Food Packaging, Greenhouse Films, and Lamination), Blow Molding, and Others), By end-use industry (Food Packaging, Non-food Packaging, and Automotive), and by Region (North America, South America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and Middle East & Africa) - Size, Share, Outlook, and Opportunity Analysis, 2022-2028

Published Date : Dec 2022

Metallocene linear low density polyethylene (Metallocene LLDP) is a thermoplastic material, which is manufactured by using metallocene catalyst. Metallocene LLDP has exceptional optical properties and enhanced puncture strength and impact compared to other metallocene... View more

Coherent Market Insights

Liquid Crystal Polymers Market, by Category (Main Chain LC Polymers, Side Chain LC Polymers), by Product Type (Lyotropic LC Polymers and Thermotropic LC Polymers), by Application (Automotive, Electrical & Electronics, Industrial, Consumer Appliances, Medical, and Others), and by Region (North America, Latin America, Asia Pacific, Europe, and Middle East & Africa)- Size, Share, Outlook, and Opportunity Analysis, 2022 - 2030

Published Date : Jul 2022

Liquid Crystal Polymers (LCPs) are part of a family of thermoplastics with inimitable set of properties such as high electrical resistance, high heat resistance and tolerance, and high chemical resistance. They demonstrate a high degree of anisotropy in both liquid &a... View more

Coherent Market Insights

Metallocene Polyethylene Market Report, by Product Type (mHDPE, mMDPE, mLLDPE, and Others), by Application (Films, Sheets, Injection Molding, Extrusion Coating, and Others), and by Region (North America, South America, Asia Pacific, Europe, and Middle East & Africa) - Size, Share, Outlook, and Opportunity Analysis, 2019 - 2027

Published Date : Aug 2019

Metallocene polyethylene is a high performance polymer, which finds application in food & beverages packaging, agriculture, and several industrial applications. Products such as sheets and films made from metallocene polyethylene (mPE) resins have high tensile str... View more

Coherent Market Insights

Nylon 46 Market - Size, Share, Trends, and Forecast, 2022-2028

Published Date : Dec 2022

The global nylon 46 market size is expected to witness potential gains in the future and register a significant CAGR over the forecast period (2019 - 2027). Market Overview ... View more

Coherent Market Insights

Biopolymers Market, by Product Type (Bio-PE, Polylactic Acid (PLA), Bio-based PET, Bio-polyesters, and Others), by Application (Packaging, Medical Implants, Automotive Interior, Seed Coating, and Others), by End User (Automotive, Agriculture, Packaging, Construction, and Others), and by Region (North America, Latin America, Asia Pacific, Europe, and Middle East & Africa) - Size, Share, Outlook, and Opportunity Analysis, 2022 - 2028

Published Date : Feb 2022

Biopolymers are polymeric materials produced from feedstock such as crops including corn and sugar cane or standing timber and residual wood. Biopolymers are biodegradable in nature, unlike conventional polymers or plastics that lead to various environmental issues su... View more

Coherent Market Insights

Ultraviolet (UV) Curable Resins Market, By Composition (Monomer, Oligomer, Photoinitiator, and Others), By Application (Coatings, Graphic Arts, Industrial, and Others), By Region (North America, South America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East and Africa) – Size, Share, Outlook, and Opportunity Analysis, 2022-2028

Published Date : Dec 2022

Ultraviolet (UV) curable resins consist of monomers (acts as a diluents), oligomers, initiators (Photo polymerization initiators & co-initiators), and additives (pigments, plasticizers, antioxidants, & stabilizers). Ultraviolet curable resins are gaining popul... View more

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